Digitalization is rapidly penetrating all spheres of life, and now not only large companies, but also medium-sized businesses need their own IT specialists. Now the country lacks 300 thousand employees in the field of ICT, despite the fact that almost all technical universities train specialists, bachelors and masters in this field.
Young people have already caught the trend, as well as appreciated the fact that here you can count on decent salaries. And the area itself is very attractive for people born in the era of gadgets. Therefore, many go or intend to go there. But which way?
After school & ndash; to the university
Vitaly Sergeev from Stavropol after school he entered the university, choosing digital security. While still a student, he began working in a company that installs security systems at production facilities. And I realized that I did the right thing, because the work has also become an additional education & ndash; he learned practical skills from senior colleagues with experience. 6 years have passed, and now he himself has become a specialist who takes “ under his wing '' youth.
Finish school, choose a specialty and enter a university & ndash; this is the most common way of obtaining professional education, which operates in various fields, including ICT.
But you need to understand that the university & ndash; it is always more of a theory, and practice begins after. Of course, many universities today are calibrating study programs to meet the needs of future employers of their graduates. But ICT & ndash; such a field that is developing by leaps and bounds, and it is difficult to keep up with it.
Some universities have joint programs with major IT players. Having enrolled in such a program, the student is already closer to practice, and after training can even count on employment in a leading company. For example, Mail.Ru & nbsp; Group cooperates in this way with 7 universities. The InfoWatch Group of Companies, as well as foreign IT giants represented in Russia: Microsoft, Huawei, also have programs.
The latter, in particular, has been expanding its “ ICT Academy '' since 2015. This is an educational cooperation program that the company offers to educational institutions around the world. In recent years, more than 4 thousand students have been trained on it. In Russia, 70 universities and colleges have joined the program. It includes courses in networking, storage, cloud computing, artificial intelligence. And last year a new direction appeared – & mdash; Cloud Service Architect. It & ndash; about working with public clouds.
Within the framework of the program, not only students study, but also teachers & ndash; everyone gets the opportunity to pass exams and become holders of the international certificate of one of the leaders of the global ICT industry.
However, large companies usually cooperate with well-known universities. Therefore, not all young people, especially from the regions, can undergo training in them. And not all new IT specialists, especially from the regions, are going to work in flagship companies. Many will be satisfied with a more modest scale.
In this case, Vitaly's path seems to be the most effective. Regional medium-sized companies will welcome a young promising student who, after graduation, will stay here to work.
This is if we consider the situation as an individual. And if we are talking about the country as a whole, then the university stream does not cover the need for IT specialists. Annually, Russian universities and technical schools graduate more than 80 thousand of them, and the need for a year increases by 95 thousand people. In the next 4 years, their number, as suggested in the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications, should increase 2 times – & mdash; up to 1 million people. But this will not cover the staff shortage.
And if there is no friend?
Igor Anikeev from Moscow he entered the university, like many of his peers: where did my mother say. Graduated. But work in the specialty “ economics and finance of the enterprise '' did not inspire him in any way. For some time he was lost with restlessness, but then a friend-programmer offered to work in pairs. I taught him the basics, and Igor began to help him in his work, simultaneously immersing himself more and more in this area and improving his knowledge and skills. Two years have passed, he began to work independently, and today, after another two years, he realizes that he has already reached a good professional level.
This is also the way many children come to ICT. But only those who have programmer friends who are ready to share knowledge, devote time to a friend, and even capable of teaching. And if there is no such friend?
In addition, we all understand that you cannot “ recharge '' knowledge once for a lifetime. And in such an industry as ICT, where innovations appear literally every day, even more so. Therefore, you need not only to constantly improve your professional level, but also to understand which sources are better to use for this, i.e. be good at focusing on the field of educational opportunities in the IT field.
Learn from leaders
Alexey Kozakov from Voronezh went to ICT in school & ndash; in parallel with his studies, he went to programming courses. By the time he graduated from school, he already had orders. Having decided that in classical universities he will no longer be able to get the level of knowledge that he needs, the guy went the other way & ndash; passed distance courses of Yandex and Mail.Ru & nbsp; Group. “ Diploma of a well-known large company & ndash; in our field, this is more abruptly than a university diploma, '' he believes.
Indeed, companies that set the tone in the market form programs with practical cases, show current trends in technology development, expand horizons, enriching IT people with the ability to see and think big.
In addition, they organize hackathons and other types of competitions between young professionals and students, and these events become not only an incentive to advance in the profession, but also a good opportunity to improve their professional level in preparation for them.
This November alone, more than 20 major hackathons took place, including in the field of artificial intelligence and big data analysis, the creation of corporate services, software products, and smart products. drones, and even the first hackathon in Russia dedicated to the development of objects for the metaverse. Their organizers were Skolkovo and BIA TECHNOLOGIES, the production companies Rosneft and Evraz, VTB and Home Credit banks, government agencies and ANO Russia & ndash; a country of opportunities & raquo ;, others.
Stage 1 of the Eurasian competition Huawei & nbsp; Cup & nbsp; 2021, which has been held in Russia by the international IT giant since 2015, has also ended. Their scale and popularity among Russian IT specialists is evidenced by their participation: over 20 thousand students and young specialists from Russia and Eurasian countries.
The children are attracted in these competitions by the relevance of the proposed directions, because the company annually changes the list of nominations so that they correspond to the most advanced trends in the field of ICT. This time, the most popular nominations were: technologies and protocols of IP networks (10 & nbsp; 116 participants), models and methods of artificial intelligence (9 & nbsp; 981), design of Huawei mobile applications (9 & nbsp; 740), technologies and standards of new generation mobile communications ( 8 & nbsp; 466), data center components (8 & nbsp; 302), ICT browser (5 & nbsp; 715).
In addition, everyone has the opportunity to thoroughly prepare for the competition, as the company opened a free online school with access to the lectures of their experts, as well as all educational materials and assignments & nbsp; to prepare for & nbsp; certification exams, which are taken by employees.
By the way, students of classical universities use the opportunity to immerse themselves in the profession in this way. The organizers provided AiF statistics of participants & ndash; the most thoroughly presented at the competition (in descending order): Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, MIREA, St. Petersburg State University of Telecommunications named after prof. Bonch-Bruevich, Moscow State Technical University Bauman, Ural Federal University, ITMO, St. Petersburg, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Volga State University of Telecommunications and Informatics, Samara, Higher School of Economics, Kazan Federal University. Huawei has established partnerships with many of them.