Plot World history with Andrey Sidorchik
In the fall of 1941, the leadership of the USSR was in complete panic, alternating mass executions with feasts with caviar, chaos reigned in Moscow, and the failure of the Wehrmacht was explained solely by weather conditions. This is what the Western media write in the materials for the 80th anniversary of the Battle of Moscow.
“ Some horses died by sinking too deep into & nbsp; mud & raquo;
The influential German Die Welt & nbsp; released a whole series of materials dedicated to the events of 1941. How the authors see that historical moment is clear from the headlines. An article by Sven Kellerhoff called “78 Wehrmacht divisions were supposed to take Moscow, but they were prevented by mudslides.” Florian Stark's material has an equally flashy title: & nbsp; “ While Hitler's tanks were rushing to Moscow, Stalin had feasts. ''
Mr. Kellerhoff at the beginning of the article, I must give him his due, admits that the first months of the war cost Nazi Germany dearly: “ The German ground forces lost half a million killed and & nbsp; seriously wounded, and & nbsp; this is every third soldier. '' The Germans suffered no less heavy losses in equipment.
The historian goes on to describe Operation Typhoon. & mdash; & nbsp; a large-scale attack on the capital, as a result of which in the “ boilers '' near Vyazma and Bryansk there were over 680 thousand soldiers of the Red Army. What prevented, in the author's opinion, from seizing Moscow?
& nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; And on & nbsp; the roads along which the tanks were supposed to rush to & nbsp; Moscow, there was no hard surface & nbsp. Some horses died by sinking too deep into & nbsp; mud & hellip; The change in weather allowed the Soviet troops to bring the location of their units in & nbsp; compliance with & nbsp; the now obvious goal of the Wehrmacht.
A problem for both sides
Not a word about the fierce resistance of the Soviet units encircled by & mdash; & nbsp;. There is not a word to the feat of the Podolsk cadets, who held back the enemy tanks, which were rushing to Moscow. And in general, Mr. Kellerhoff does not mention the actions of the Red Army at this critical moment.
Indeed, heavy rains, which fell for several days near Moscow in October 1941, deprived the troops of the ability to move quickly. But the Soviet command, which urgently had to patch holes in the defense, faced the same problem, no less. And then it turned out that Soviet transport workers and logisticians could work in such conditions better than their German “ colleagues. ''
As for the thaw as a deterrent, it continued in the fall of 1941, but it did not last long & nbsp; and soon gave way to cold weather, which, at least at the first stage, turned out to be in the hands of the Germans. This is what is in his memoir, Soldier's Duty. wrote about this one of the future marshals of Victory Konstantin Rokossovsky : “ Colds chained the swamps, and now the German tank and motorized formations & mdash; & nbsp; the main striking force of the enemy & mdash; & nbsp; got more freedom of action. We felt it immediately. The enemy command began to use tanks off the roads. ''
“ Chaos reigned in the city. And Stalin feasted “
However, Sven Kellerhoff's article can still be considered relatively balanced in comparison with what Florian Stark is treating readers.
The Typhoon, with which the Wehrmacht wanted to take Moscow in the fall of 1941, & mdash; & nbsp; writes Mr. Stark. & Nbsp; & mdash; & nbsp; Faced with a disorganized defense. Communication with the headquarters was lost, chaos reigned in the city. And Stalin feasted.
Stark begins his material by describing a banquet in honor of the British and American representatives, which took place in the Kremlin in October 1941.
“ Stalin invited them to one of his typical celebrations with caviar, suckling pig, game and ice cream , as well as tons of cognac, vodka and wine, & mdash; & nbsp; the author writes. & mdash; In total, 32 toasts were made & mdash; & nbsp; most of them about the imminent victory over Nazi Germany. ''
According to Stark, while Stalin was giving banquets, the Soviet units were not prepared for the German offensive, which led to the encirclement and colossal losses. And then the author explains by what methods the Soviet leadership tried to deal with the military catastrophe.
'Muscovites were herded into the militia and labor brigades'
“ The NKVD began mass shootings, & mdash; & nbsp; says the material Die Welt. & nbsp; & mdash; & nbsp; By & nbsp; 1942, almost a million Red Army soldiers, suspected of not defending their positions until the last, were convicted by field courts, 157 000 of them to death. & Nbsp; This is almost ten divisions. ''
Speaking about the so-called “ Moscow panic '', the author refers to the British historian Richard & nbsp; Overy: “ Stalin almost lost control of the capital, giving it not to the “ German Wehrmacht '', but to their scared to death people. ''
How, in the opinion of Mr. Stark, was the crisis overcome? If you think that the author of Die Welt had even a word to describe the courage and heroism of the Soviet people, then nothing like that.
“ Only the brutal use of the NKVD troops put an end to what is happening, & mdash; He writes. & nbsp; & mdash; & nbsp; To demonstrate his tenacity, Stalin held, as usual, a parade on Red Square in honor of the anniversary of the & nbsp; October Revolution. & nbsp; Meanwhile, Muscovites were herded into the militia and labor brigades and sent to the city to strengthen the defenses. But the Germans did not come. ''
That is, how did you not come? As Florian Stark writes, “ the lack of fuel and ammunition, but above all the onset of the rainy season, which turned dirt roads into mud, halted the advance of the Wehrmacht for several weeks. '' >
There is a strong feeling that in Germany in 2021, materials about the Great Patriotic War are created according to the guidelines of the Reich Minister of Public Education and Propaganda of Germany Joseph Goebbels , who skillfully attributed all the failures of the Wehrmacht to mud, then to frost, then to bloody commissars, who were driving millions of Soviet people deprived of intelligence to slaughter.
Maybe this is the reason why modern Western policy towards Russia is lame on both legs? After all, if you replace the objective picture with “ cranberries '', then meeting with reality sometimes becomes very discouraging.
German general Gunther Blumentritt , who directly participated in the battle for Moscow, described its results as follows: “ This was a turning point in our eastern campaign & nbsp; & mdash; hopes to bring Russia out of the war in 1941 & nbsp; g. failed at the very last minute. Now it was important for political leaders in Germany to understand that the days of the blitzkrieg were over. We were opposed by an army that is far superior in its fighting qualities to any other armies that we have ever encountered on the battlefield. '' how Stalin feasted in the Kremlin.