The Foreign Ministry allowed a change in the law on domestic violence after the decision of the ECHR in the case of Gracheva The ECHR ordered Russia to pay the victim of domestic violence Margarita Gracheva, whom her husband cut off her hands in 2017, € 370,000. In this regard, Russian legislation in the field of domestic violence may change , according to the Foreign Ministry
Russian legislation in the field of domestic violence may change after the decision of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of Maria Gracheva, whose hands were cut off by her husband in 2017. Grigory Lukyantsev, authorized by the Russian Foreign Ministry on human rights, democracy and the rule of law, told RIA Novosti about this. The ECHR ordered Russia to pay Gracheva & euro; 370 thousand (over 30.7 million rubles) and take measures to combat domestic violence.
“ It may well be, because some legislative initiatives in this regard and bills are being considered, '' & mdash; said the diplomat.
He stressed that there are many positions on this issue, including those related to historical and religious approaches. In this regard, it is necessary to reconcile and take these positions into account in the provisions of Russian legislation, Lukyantsev considered.
On December 14, the ECHR satisfied the claims of four Russian women victims of domestic violence. In total, Russia will have to pay them & euro; 445 thousand, including & euro; 375 thousand will be received by Margarita Gracheva. In all cases, the court found discrimination on the basis of gender, as well as a violation by the state of the right to an effective remedy.
The court also ordered Russia to take measures to combat domestic violence, protect victims, rehabilitation of victims and changing public opinion about violence against women.
Former State Duma deputy Oksana Pushkina, who is a co-author of the Russian bill on the prevention of domestic violence, considered the decision of the ECHR a victory. Press secretary of the head of state Dmitry Peskov, in turn, did not comment on the decision of the ECHR, saying that Russia has enough tools to combat domestic violence.
A bill on the prevention of domestic violence in Russia was introduced in 2019 to the State Duma, but was never adopted. According to the document, it is proposed to consider domestic violence as a deliberate act “ causing or threatening to inflict physical or mental suffering '', which does not contain signs of an administrative or criminal offense.
According to the project, persons who have been subjected to domestic violence, spouses or ex-spouses can be recognized; a man and a woman who have children in common; close relatives, as well as other persons living together and running a joint household.
In early December 2021, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the bill must be balanced in order to exclude “ the possibility of external interference in the life of the family. ''
In December 2017, Dmitry Grachev took his wife Margarita into the forest and chopped off her hands with an ax out of jealousy. The Investigative Committee opened criminal cases on the infliction of grievous bodily harm, which entailed the loss of an organ (paragraph b, h, part 2 of article 111 of the Criminal Code), as well as abduction (part 2 of article 126 of the Criminal Code & mdash; two episodes ) and the threat of murder (part 1 of Art. 119 of the Criminal Code).
The Serpukhovskaya Court of the Moscow Region sentenced Grachev to 14 years in a strict regime colony and ordered to recover 2 million 35 thousand rubles. as compensation for moral damage.
At the same time, before the incident, the man had already taken Margarita Gracheva into the forest, threatening her with murder. After that, the woman turned to the police, but the district police officer refused to open a case. Later, he himself became a defendant in a negligence case (part 1 of article 293 of the Criminal Code), he was also fired from law enforcement agencies.
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