Anti-coup protesters in Sudan say they won’t back down

class=”MuiTypography-root-125 MuiTypography-h1-130″>Anti-coup protesters in Sudan say they won't back down

For more than a month now, Sudanese young and old have been defying the military through popular protests — undeterred by an aggressive security response that has left more than 40 people dead.

The WorldNovember 30, 2021 · 5:15 PM EST

Thousands of protesters take to the streets to renew their demand for a civilian government in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, Nov. 25, 2021. The rallies came just days after the military signed a power-sharing deal with the prime minister, after releasing him from house arrest and reinstating him as head of government. The deal came almost a month after the generals orchestrated a coup. Sudan's key pro-democracy groups and political parties have dismissed the deal as falling short of their demands for a fully civilian rule.

Marwan Ali/AP

On Tuesday, thousands of people took to the streets of Sudan’s capital, Khartoum, to protest military leaders who took over power in the country last month; dissolved the government; and deposed the civilian Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.

Related: Sudan’s civilian prime minister is reinstated weeks after military takeover

The air was filled with tear gas and the deafening blasts of sound grenades deployed by security officials seeking to stop the protesters’ march toward the presidential palace.

For more than a month now, Sudanese young and old across the country have been defying the military through such massive popular protests — undeterred by an aggressive security response that has left more than 40 people dead.

“We’re looking for the overthrowing of the military,” Enough is enough. It’s been 30 years that they’ve been doing this.”

Maab Khalid , activist and doctor, Khartoum

“We’re looking for the overthrowing of the military,” said 25-year-old doctor and activist Maab Khalid during a recent demonstration in Khartoum. “Enough is enough. It’s been 30 years that they’ve been doing this.”

While Prime Minister Hamdok was reinstated last weekend in a new deal signed with coup leader Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, many in Sudan oppose any continued political partnership with the military.

“We are not satisfied by this deal. We don’t want al-Burhan,” said Abdelrahman Omar, a 20-year-old medical student who has also been protesting. “We just want a full civilian government, whether Hamdok included or not.”

Related: 'Millions March' protests planned across Sudan as military doubles down on power grab

Hamdok has repeatedly said that he signed the deal to end the bloodshed — and protect the social, economic and political gains that Sudan has made since 2019 when massive street protests forced dictator Bashir out of power.

“Taking into consideration the risks involved … The agreement was the only possible settlement [we] can reach” said Nabil Adib, a human rights lawyer in Khartoum who helped broker the deal.

The deal returns the country to a power-sharing arrangement between military and civilian leaders tasked with transitioning the country to democratic elections.

“What we saw clearly was that this transitional period needs both [the military and civilians ],” Adib continued.

Hamdok has also warned over the past year that fractures within the country’s security forces could lead to chaos.

“When the prime minister speaks about the danger of civil war, he was speaking about realistic danger,” Adib said.

But the deal excluded the broad coalition of political opposition parties, rebel groups and professional organizations who together made up the transitional military-civilian government that formed in 2019.

Now, many of them, along with former government ministers and political leaders, are calling for public outcry.

“I will go out again, and again, and again,” 24-year-old Mohamed Ahmed al-Tayib Ibrahim said from his hospital bed in Khartoum.

He was injured by a tear gas canister during a demonstration last Thursday.

“The Sudanese people don’t want military rule anymore,” Tayib said.

Sudan’s civilian prime minister is reinstated weeks after military takeover

class=”MuiTypography-root-133 MuiTypography-h1-138″>Sudan’s civilian prime minister is reinstated weeks after military takeover

After signing a 14-point deal with the country's military chief, Sudanese Prime Minister Abdulla Hamdok returned to office, promising to adopt a 2019 constitutional agreement.

The WorldNovember 23, 2021 · 2:30 PM EST

Sudan's top general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok hold documents during a ceremony to reinstate Hamdok, who was deposed in a coup last month, in Khartoum, Sudan, Nov. 21, 2021.

Sudan Transitional Sovereign Council via AP

Nearly a month after he was removed from office and put under house arrest, Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has been reinstated to his position as the country’s interim civilian leader until it can hold democratic elections.

In Sudan, Hamdok signed a 14-point deal with General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan — the man behind the recent military takeover — to return to office, release political detainees and return to the 2019 constitutional agreement that was meant to steer Sudan toward democracy.

"We must put an end to the bloodshed.”

Abdalla Hamdok, prime minister, Sudan

“I know our people are capable of sacrificing," Hamdok said on Sunday through an interpreter. “But we must put an end to the bloodshed."

According to the Sudan Doctors Committee, more than 40 people have been killed by security forces during the weekslong protests against the military, including a 16-year-old boy who died after security forces shot him in the head.

Hamdok said he signed the agreement to end the violence, but also to put the country’s transition back on track.

“This agreement offers the possibility, because we can preserve the gains of the past two years,” Hamdok said, citing the end of Sudan’s decadeslong international isolation and removal from the US' state sponsors of terror list.

Related: 'Millions March' protests planned across Sudan as military doubles down on power grab

The military takeover last month not only threatened Sudan’s hard-won gains, but also put the country’s hope for a democratic future into question.

Still, the military has maintained they acted for the benefit of Sudan, and have denied the labeling of their actions as a military coup.

“By signing this political action, we were able to establish a real foundation for a transitional period.”

Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, commander-in-chief, Sudanese Armed Forces

“By signing this political action, we were able to establish a real foundation for a transitional period,” said al-Burhan at Sunday’s conference.

Mohamed Hamdan “Hemeti” Dagalo, head of Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces (RSF), wrote on Twitter that these "corrective actions" taken by the military in October to effectively dissolve the transitional government were “absolutely necessary.”

And Kholood Khair of Insight Strategy Partners told The World from Khartoum thatthe military seems to have gotten a leg up over the civilians in that it has been able to craft a new agreement where it still maintains a lot of power and really hasn’t had to give much up.” 

But the military, she said, has proven to be an unreliable partner, as shown by the events of the past month.

By signing the deal, Khair said that Hamdok has become politically weakened, and has faced resounding criticism from the streets and from his own supporters.

Related: Sudan’s ousted ambassador to the US says resorting to ‘the gun’ doesn’t aid the revolution

“This was an agreement that was unilaterally agreed [upon] and unilaterally brokered by the prime minister without the consultation of any civil society group, whether that's political parties or initiatives, organizations or the street itself,” Khair said.

Sunday’s protests in the streets of Khartoum, which previously had called for Hamdok’s release, have now turned against him.

The Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA), an umbrella professional group that was pivotal in Sudan’s 2019 revolution, has rejected the deal.

Hamdok is now also facing opposition from his own ministers.

Related: Sudanese protester to military: ‘Our numbers are too big to be ignored’

“We are against what we saw on the TV, because it is supportive of the coup,” said Sudan’s Foreign Minister Mariam al-Sadig al-Mahdi during a conference held by the Atlantic Council.

She added that she and several other ministers have since submitted their letters of resignation.

Europe sees widespread protests against COVID-19 restrictions

class=”MuiTypography-root-228 MuiTypography-h1-233″>Europe sees widespread protests against COVID-19 restrictionsThe WorldNovember 22, 2021 · 11:15 AM EST

Protestors clash with riot police during a demonstration against the reinforced measures of the Belgium government to counter the latest spike of the coronavirus in Brussels, Belgium, Nov. 21, 2021.

Olivier Matthys/AP

Top of The World — our morning news roundup written by editors at The World. Subscribe here.

Europe
It’s been a weekend of protests against COVID-19 restrictions across Europe, a continent that is seeing a surge in cases and is now the epicenter of the pandemic. In Belgium, where, starting Wednesday of last week, there’s been a wider mandate in masking and working from home, nearly 35,000 people took to the streets in peaceful protests that broke out into violence. Several cities across the Netherlands saw violent protests on Friday and Saturday, with Dutch authorities deploying a water cannon, mounted officers and dogs to disperse the crowds. Austria, Denmark, and the French overseas territory of Guadeloupe had similar protests. The French government is sending police special forces to Guadeloupe after three days of protests against COVID-19 restrictions that turned into rioting and looting. The rallies were initially called by workers’ unions to denounce France’s health pass, a necessary requirement to access restaurants, sports events and other places, and mandatory vaccinations for health care workers.

Sudan
Nearly four weeks after Sudan’s military took control of the country’s government in a coup that saw Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok deposed and placed under house arrest, Hamdok has signed a deal with Sudan’s top army commander that will see him reinstated as interim prime minister until new elections are held. Thousands of Sudanese took to the streets to protest the deal, calling it a betrayal to the democratic cause. The agreement also includes the release of political prisoners who were jailed following the military coup. The number of people killed during rallies in the past month has been raised to 41, according to a report by a coalition of medical workers. The report also stated that security forces have targeted hospitals and blocked injured protesters from receiving treatment.

Haiti
Two of the 17 missionaries that were kidnapped this past October in Haiti by the 400 Mawozo gang have been released. The hostages were part of an American missionary group that includes women and children. They were visiting an orphanage just outside the capital, Port-au-Prince. The Ohio-based Christian Aid Ministries said it would not announce the names of the two people who were freed, but that they are “safe, in good spirits, and being cared for.” The missionaries are all from Amish, Mennonite and other conservative Anabaptist communities across six US states, plus one person from Canada.

From The WorldArmenia-Azerbaijan conflict stifles critical transport development in the region, analyst says

A forest burns in the mountains after shelling by Azerbaijan's artillery during a military conflict outside Stepanakert, the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh, Oct. 31, 2020.

Credit:

AP Photo/File photo

As tensions flare up again between Armenia and Azerbaijan, Thomas de Wall, a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe with a specialty in Eastern Europe, speaks to The World's host Marco Werman about the regional players invested in the fight and how their interests are influencing the conflict.

‘I’m still not free’: Aid workers who helped refugees in Greece face months of legal limbo

Irish German Seán Binder stands outside a court in Mytilene port, on the northeastern Aegean island of Lesbos, Greece, Nov. 18, 2021. A group of 24 volunteers who took part in migrant rescue operations are on trial on the Greek island of Lesbos on smuggling-related charges in a case that has been strongly criticized by international human rights groups. 

Credit:

Panagiotis Balaskas/AP

Last week, Irishman Seán Binder and 23 other aid workers stood trial in Greece, accused of espionage, forgery and supporting a criminal organization. The judge ultimately ruled to refer the case to a higher court.

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Double Take

Sacré bleu!

The French flag saw a change this past summer that's gone largely unnoticed until recently. President Emmanuel Macron’s office darkened the blue in the flags flying around the Élysée Palace to align them with with the hue seen after the French Revolution. The switch took place in July. Presidential aides say the change is not in “opposition to the blue used by the European [Union] flag.”

In case you missed itListen: IOC announces plans for trans and intersex inclusion in sport

The Olympic symbol is reinstalled after it was taken down for maintenance ahead of the postponed Tokyo 2020 Olympics, Dec. 1, 2020.

Credit:

Eugene Hoshiko/AP/File photo

The International Olympic Committee has announced a new framework for transgender and intersex athletes this week. In part, the guidelines say no athlete has an inherent advantage just because of physical appearance, gender or intersex identities. The guidelines also move away from using testosterone levels alone to determine eligibility. And we hear the personal story of Sofie Lovern, a Mexican American standup comedian from Oakland, California, who converted to Islam as a young adult. Plus, Shohei Ohtani has been called the Japanese Babe Ruth. Now, the Los Angeles Angels’ player has won the American League’s MVP award, making him the second Japanese-born player to score the big win.

Don't forget to subscribe to The World's Latest Edition podcast using your favorite podcast player: RadioPublicApple PodcastsStitcherSoundcloudRSS.

‘Millions March’ protests planned across Sudan as military doubles down on power grab

class=”MuiTypography-root-133 MuiTypography-h1-138″>'Millions March' protests planned across Sudan as military doubles down on power grab

Attempts to mediate between the military and civilian leaders have been unsuccessful so far. 

The WorldNovember 12, 2021 · 5:00 PM EST

People chant slogans during a protest in Khartoum, Sudan, Saturday, Oct. 30, 2021. Sudan’s protest movement has rejected internationally backed initiatives to return to a power-sharing arrangement with the military after last month’s coup. It called for two days of nationwide strikes, starting Sunday, Nov. 7. 

Marwan Ali/AP/File 

Despite weeks of massive street protests and widespread international criticism, Sudan’s military seems to be doubling down on its power grab that began on Oct. 25. 

On Thursday, army chief General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan was sworn in again as head of Sudan’s new Sovereign Council, a body that the military dissolved nearly three weeks ago.

Related: Amid plans of mass protests, Sudan's military suggests ousted prime minister can return to power

The joint military and civilian council was established in 2019, following the ousting of former president Omar al-Bashir.

It was meant to steer Sudan toward democratic elections.

Now that future is in jeopardy.

And across Sudan, "march of millions" protests have reportedly been organized. 

Related: Sudanese protester to military: ‘Our numbers are too big to be ignored’

In a statement today, the United States and other Western powers said the move “complicates efforts to put Sudan’s democratic transition back on track." 

Related: Sudan’s ousted ambassador to the US says resorting to ‘the gun’ doesn’t aid the revolution

Since the coup, multiple civil servants, including ministers and ambassadors, have been removed from their positions, and replaced.

“A lot of them are allied to the former regime,” said Jihad Mashamoun, a Sudanese political analyst.

Attempts to mediate between the military and civilian leaders have been unsuccessful so far. 

“[T]he military did not want to release the people they arrested, and it didn’t want to recognize that what they did was a coup, which is actually the sticking point of Prime Minister Hamdok."

Jihad Mashamoun, Sudanese political analyst

“Because the military did not want to release the people they arrested, and it didn’t want to recognize that what they did was a coup, which is actually the sticking point of Prime Minister Hamdok,” Mashamoun explained. 

Additionally, many civilian leaders and demonstrators are rejecting a return to the previous, fraught arrangement, which had military and civilian jointly sharing power.

For many critics, the recent actions by the security forces, including continued arrests of civilians, is a sign that the military isn’t serious about a democratic transition.

While some who were detained during the coup have since been released, some senior civilian officials remain in undisclosed locations.

That includes Yasir Arman, current political adviser to Hamdok and former rebel leader of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement—North (SPL-M). His brother, Fattah Arman, described how Arman was taken from his home by armed men the day of the coup. A security video that captures the moment has since been shared online.

“He was barefoot, so they didn't even allow him to put any shoes or even change his pajamas. There was a blindfold on his eyes,”  Fattah Arman said. 

Another brother of Yasir Arman, who has no apparent political affiliation, was also arrested, but has since been released.

To date, Yasir Arman’s family has received little information about his whereabouts or condition.

“We are very worried about his well-being,” said Fattah Arman. “But…he's not alone, many have been arrested, many have been killed. We are positive that our people and everyone is going to topple this regime,” he added.

Peaceful protests against the military takeover have continued across Sudan, and diaspora communities, for weeks.

But the cost of these demonstrations has been high.

Activists have recorded more than a dozen deaths and many more injuries at the hands of security forces.

Abdulrahman Hassan Saied, a trader in Khartoum, said he was shot by security forces during a demonstration outside the military headquarters last month.

“The soldiers targeted us the protestors when we were peaceful."

Abdulrahman Hassan Saied, trader, Khartoum, Sudan

“The soldiers targeted us the protestors when we were peaceful,” he said.

His doctor told The World that it was unlikely Saied will ever be able to walk again due to his injuries.

Still, he remains defiant against the military – unwilling to relinquish the dreams that he and countless Sudanese have of a democratic future. 

“We want civilian government that will bring stability,” he said. “We don't want any military rule again.”

Oddisee – Rights & Wrongs (feat. Olivier St. Louis) (The Iceberg Album)

[Verse One: Olivier St. Louis]
Two halves sittin’ on a one sided saw
Roundabouts is how we get round it all
It ain’t enough to have fair space between you and the hierarchy
Wanna fight for some equality
But what about if you the boss
And the boss always pays the cost
How you feel about your pocket, now
You could never have it all and make everyone feel 10 feet tall The rise and the fall must occur to all

[Hook: Olivier St. Louis]
What’s right or wrong
What’s right or wrong
What’s right or wrong (x2)

[Verse Two: Oddisee]
I would kill to save life
Do you see a hero or you’d rather read me rights
My neighborhood is getting nice
Safe to walk at night
I can’t afford to pay the price
Sudan we eat a lot of lamb
Latins like the chicken but what’s better over rice
I think I’m giving out advice
But all you hear is judgement on the way you live your life Paper that we read not the same
Yours framing me for the blame
Mine see you cause all the shame
We can’t agree on a thing
We are both beyond the games
But we still play
Should I fear what’s on the way
Bigger gear push on the breaks
One man’s heart is another man’s brain
Forever then the question will remain

[Hook: Olivier St. Louis]
What’s right or wrong
What’s right or wrong
What’s right or wrong (x2)

Czarface – All In Together Now (A Fistful Of Peril Album)

[Verse 1: Inspectah Deck]
I don’t do it like everyone else
Check our pro, boy
The flow grab your soul like the devil himself
Always knew that I was headed for wealth
Young gun salute, the triple O, so the presence is felt
And this is for my diehard day ones
Who came from the same place I came from
Where you get your name from?
I earn my stripes, I write that
E, turn the flame type of shit that will burn for life, yeah
It’s levels to this here, your’s under mine
Cool J with the flow, ladies love the shine
I’m hotter than Sudan in the summertime
Verbal mind, now you must be out your fucking mind
Right, living it up, make the honnies hot
Boss, I listen up when the money talk
And never paid a thought to the dummy talk
Funny talk, that’s hating what you love me for

[Hook: Inspectah Deck]
All in together now
All in together now
All in together now
All in together now

[Verse 2: Esoteric]
You lack the minerals and vitamins native to my environment
I’m on the new level, true rebel, vibin’ it
I’m loyal, I’m royal, and boy, it’s a requirement
I’m more savage than below average, you don’t have it
New wins for the team, and that’s a no [?]
Pro status don’t met us, but crack your whole carriage
And I’m allowing the proud legally swing
The crown that I wear’s a cow beef with the king
I’m technologically advanced, leaving a slang
Genius intellect, flexing on the demons to cling
I’m daily deadly, but I don’t know who gave it away
It’s safe to say that it’s my victims, pray for my prey
Something is ain’t fun, the work is A1
I had a dangerous name since day one like James Gunn
But I ain’t licking wounds, cause I know where the pain’s from
So if you need a pic, you just allow me to paint one

[Hook: Inspectah Deck]
All in together now
All in together now
All in together now
All in together now