Russia will not appoint a new permanent representative to the EU in the near future

Moscow does not intend to appoint a new permanent representative to the EU in the near future after the departure of Vladimir Chizhov and will be represented at the level of charge d'affaires, RBC learned 9/71/756644707963719.jpg 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi) ” >

Russia will not appoint a new permanent representative to the EU in the near future

Russia's permanent mission to the EU will be headed by a charge d'affaires, Moscow does not intend to appoint a new permanent representative after Vladimir Chizhov's departure, two sources familiar with the discussion told RBC. “In the near future, Russia does not intend to appoint a new permanent representative and will be represented in Brussels at the level of charge d'affaires. The issue is suspended indefinitely»,— one of them told RBC.

Another RBC source familiar with the discussion of the issue said that such an appointment is not planned in the near future.

The press service of the Russian permanent mission to the EU told RBC that “the timing of the appointment of a new permanent representative depends on many internal and external factors.” “At the same time, it is obvious that the activity of any Russian foreign agency implies the presence of its head, appointed by presidential decree. Until that time, Russia will be represented in EU Brussels at the level of Acting Permanent Representative,— added in the Russian diplomatic mission.

The permanent mission noted that they had repeatedly heard that the EU was in favor of maintaining channels of political dialogue. “However, in the current and future work in this area, the confrontational statements of the European Union, including those made by its leaders within and on the margins of the session of the UN General Assembly in New York, also have to be taken into account,” — concluded in permanent representation.

In turn, the official representative of the EU Foreign Service, Peter Stano, told RBC that he could not publicly comment on the process of issuing agremans and nominating permanent representatives. “We also do not comment on what steps the partners are taking in this regard and when they request (agrement) from us,” — he explained.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko told reporters on Thursday that Russia has not yet asked the EU for a new envoy.

RBC sent a request to the Russian Foreign Ministry.

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The new EU Ambassador to Russia, Roland Galyarag, presented copies of his credentials to Grushko on September 27, after which he was able to start working as head of the EU diplomatic mission. The official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova on September 15 on the air of the Soloviev Live TV channel stated that Galyarag was already in Moscow. Stano also spoke about this to RBC. However, the diplomat did not participate in the ceremony of presenting his credentials to Russian President Vladimir Putin, which took place in the Kremlin Palace on September 20.

Vladimir Chizhov has served as Russia's Permanent Representative to the European Union since 2005. On September 26, Russian President Vladimir Putin released him from his duties by decree. Chizhov, 68, said earlier. “I am no longer comfortable acting as a living monument to the strategic partnership between Russia and the EU,” — the diplomat told reporters on 12 September. He noted that during his “farewell visits” told his European colleagues that “burning bridges is much easier than rebuilding them later.”

As early as July 25, he became a candidate for the post of senator from Karelia. On September 11, elections of the head of the region were held in the republic, according to the law, during registration, candidates propose their three candidates for the post of senator. Chizhov was a candidate for senators from the executive branch of the current head of Karelia, Artur Parfenchikov, who won the election. On September 27, Chizhov was appointed a senator.

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Trump offered his mediation to Russia and Ukraine

Former US President Trump has asked if he could lead a negotiating team on Russia and Ukraine The conflict in Ukraine has “the whole world at stake,” but both sides would like to agree on an end to hostilities, Trump said. He also saw the risk of “serious escalation or war” in the situation around Nord Stream ” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Trump offered his mediation to Russia and Ukraine

Former U.S. President Donald Trump asked on Truth Social if he could lead a negotiating team between Russia and Ukraine, Business Insider writes.

“Be strategic, be smart. Close the deal now. Both sides need it and want it. The whole world is at stake. Shall I lead the group?,— he wrote.

Trump also expressed confidence that the Nord Stream pipeline would sabotage occurred, warning of the risk of “major escalation or war.” The ex-president of the United States called on the country's authorities to be calm and calm in relation to what happened with Nord Stream. The incident should not provoke a “big decision, at least not yet,” Trump warned.

Trump has previously said that, prior to the entry of Russian troops into Ukraine, he considered the increase in tension in this situation to be a “smart way to negotiate.” Trump expressed confidence that hostilities in Ukraine would not have begun if he had retained the presidency. “There will be nothing left but death and destruction” if there are no negotiations between Moscow and Kyiv, the ex-President of the United States emphasized.

The negotiation process between Russia and Ukraine was frozen in early April after publications about the deaths of civilians in the city of Bucha, Kyiv region, the Russian authorities consider reports of this to be a staged and provocation. Kyiv warned that the dialogue would be impossible to resume if Moscow recognized the referendums in the Russian-occupied Kherson and part of the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine, the LPR and the DPR. “Another attempt to annex Ukrainian territory will mean that we have nothing to talk about with the President of Russia,” — noted at the end of September, President Volodymyr Zelensky.

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Treaties on the inclusion of new regions into Russia will be signed by the president on Friday , September 30, announced in the Kremlin.

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Russia recognized the independence of Zaporozhye and Kherson regions

Russian President Putin signed decrees on the independence of the Zaporozhye and Kherson regions -width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Russia recognized the state sovereignty and independence of the Zaporozhye and Kherson regions, the relevant decrees were signed by President Vladimir Putin. They are published on the Legal Documents Portal.

The decision was made “in accordance with the generally recognized principles and norms of international norms of international law, recognizing and confirming the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples” enshrined in the UN Charter and taking into account the “will of the people” in a referendum, the decrees say.

Five days before (from 23 to 27 September) in the Russian-controlled Zaporozhye and Kherson regions, as well as in the LPR and DPR, referenda on joining Russia. According to the data provided by the authorities of these territories, the majority of residents supported this development of events.

At the same time, the Kherson military-civilian administration (formed after the capture of the region by Russian troops) said that independence would not be declared, despite its actual existence within a certain period of time after the vote. “We have a slightly different situation than the LPR and DPR, Kherson region— immediately part of the Russian Federation”, — explained the head of the CAA Vladimir Saldo.

The material is being supplemented.

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Will life insurance be valid if a person is mobilized?

Story Partial mobilization in Russia Expert's answer 0 + –

According to the law, mortgage lenders must insure the collateral — apartment or house. Banks usually offer life insurance to borrowers in exchange for a reduction in housing loan rates. The cost of such insurance depends on various factors — the size of the mortgage, gender and age of the borrower. For example, a 35-year-old man who has borrowed 10 million rubles from a bank, life insurance will cost more than 20 thousand rubles a year.

Life insurance protects the borrower (and also his heirs) from the occurrence of undesirable events associated with disability or death — if their appearance, the mortgage is reset to zero.

And does apply such insurance to mobilized people? According to  head of the Bureau of Lawyers, Honorary Lawyer of Russia, Vice-President of the Guild of Russian Lawyers Nikita Filippov, it is usually stated in the  insurance contract that military measures are the basis for exempting the insurer from insurance compensation. Simply put, if the mortgage lender is mobilized, life insurance ceases to operate.

  Article 964 of the Civil Code expressly states that the insurer is exempt from payment of insurance indemnity and the sum insured when the insured event occurred as a result of the effects of a nuclear explosion, radiation or radioactive contamination, military operations, and also maneuvers or other military events, civil war, civil unrest of any kind or strikes, — Filippov explained aif.ru.

In    Vice-President of the Association of Lawyers for registration, liquidation, bankruptcy and legal representation, Deputy Head of the Federal Mediation Center, Chairman of the All-Russian Trade Union of Mediators Vladimir Kuznetsovadds that the life of military personnel is insured by the state — such insurance is not  individual, but collective, and applies to all servicemen.

«Payment, which is provided for this type of insurance, consists of two parts: insurance compensation and   — at the moment, with the death of a serviceman, they amount to 2.968 million rubles and 4.453 million rubles, respectively, in the amount — 7.421 million rubles" — notes Kuznetsov.

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“We don’t leave our own” sample 1877. How was the first mobilization in Russia

Plot Partial mobilization in Russia

The partial mobilization announced on September 21 as part of the Special Military Operation continues to remain in the center of public attention. This is not the first such case in Russian history. 145 years ago, in 1877 g., in the course of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878 , the first mobilization measures were completed.

«The task of Russia — build, not destroy"

Considering the events of those years, one cannot refrain from drawing direct historical analogies. By and large, the eve, beginning, course and final of that war can be described by a modern slogan, under which actions —— “We don’t leave our own!” The   appeal of Russian    II II, addressed to the Balkan peoples: “My orders are entrusted to my army to approve for you those sacred rights, without which the peaceful and correct development of your civilian life is unthinkable. The task of Russia — create, not destroy! From now on, Russian weapons will protect you from any violence. For  every crime will be mercilessly followed by legal punishment».

For several years, this was preceded by an unprecedented social upsurge, colored, however, in the same tones of “we don’t leave our own”. The heads of the provincial gendarmerie departments, who were entrusted with the duty of regularly compiling and sending mood surveys among the inhabitants to the center, conscientiously recorded speeches on the spot. Here, for example, was what the peasants of the Vyazemsky district of the Smolensk province were talking about among themselves: “Two years before the war, there were rumors among the people that the Turks were slaughtering Christians, that Christians were suffering martyrdom from them … We knew that our father-tsar is merciful, they thought, and some said aloud: “What is our father giving offense to his filthy Turks?” Well, now, we heard that the tsar began to send people on the sly to step in there … & raquo; In October 1876 , that about about six months before the war the pskov region reported: “From the first days of October the possibility of a war with the Turks came to foreground, and excitement among the masses became appear more clearly. Genuine, folk enthusiasm began to appear…»

strife — society was consolidated even before Russia started hostilities. Rozalia Plekhanova, nee Bograd, married the famous Russian revolutionary Georgy Plekhanovalready after the war. And  here this is what this native of the Jewish shtetl of Kherson Uyezd wrote a few months before her beginning:  I and my young comrades in the course burned with a desire to go where the great work of liberating the oppressed peoples was being accomplished…» ; She is echoed by a born German, Anna Korba, nee Meinhardt: “I couldn’t stay calm from the very beginning of the uprising of the Slavic peoples. I wanted to give even the slightest help to the fighters for their freedom… I reasoned as follows: at every given moment in history, every nation has its own vital task. In recent years, such a task for Russia has been war. The whole country was interested in the successful outcome of».

And here is a letter from a group of Russian officers published on their pages in 1876  publication “The Illustrated Bulletin”: “There are many of us who want to fight for the liberation of the Slavs; perhaps there will be a war, but for now, for God's sake, can can go there as volunteers, and what needs to be done for this? It's not ashamed to go…»

Everyone considered themselves Russian

However, on this wave of enthusiasm, those who passionately wanted to defiantly separate themselves from the rest of the peoples of Russia also tried to swim out. Kyiv historian Mikhail Drahomanov, the ideologist of the creation of the Ukrainian state, which would become "Union to defend itself from "strangers", for some reason decided that the Ukrainian nation had already been fully formed, and"only "oppression of the empire" prevents her from showing herself. And that's why Drahomanov came up with the initiative to create a separate detachment of Ukrainian volunteers, which would fight in the Balkans under its own special flag, thus showing the whole world the political consciousness of Ukrainians and their ability to self-organize.

The result was disastrous, to say the least — humiliating. On the entire territory of conditional Ukraine, there were exactly six volunteers to help the Balkan brothers. One person from Odessa and five more from Kyiv. Everything. However, no, not everything. Of these six, three were wanted and were looking for a plausible pretext to sneak abroad. Total — three Ukrainian volunteers. On this question about existence back in the XIX century of a “separate formed Ukrainian nation” could have been safely closed.

For comparison — General Mikhail Chernyaev, the conqueror of Tashkent and the publisher of the Russkiy Mir newspaper, goes to the Balkans without permission. A few months later, a corps of  7 thousands of volunteers of different nationalities of the Russian Empire, including natives of Kyiv, Poltava, Zhytomyr, was formed under his command… All of them considered themselves Russians, and everyone went to fight for the common noble cause. And that was just the beginning. The volunteer movement grew and gained momentum every day. It got to the point that teenagers began to run away to the war — by the way, this was the first precedent in national history. So, the future head of the State Duma was going to run away, and in those schoolboys Alexander Guchkov — he was stopped in time. Others turned out to be more agile, and the provincial press wrote about them: “The sons of a merchant” of the II Guild Matvey and Aleksey V., who had intentions to go as volunteers to the Balkans, were taken off the ship in Saratov and delivered to my father, who carved them .

They didn't promise an easy walk

However, these are still volunteers. And how were things with mobilization as such? This question was then asked at the very top. The fact is that mobilization was a novelty. Moreover — a novelty, for which neither the country, nor the army, were ready for objective reasons. Universal conscription and conscription of the army was introduced only in 1874 g.

"In the autumn of 1876, we were only in the third year of general military service and did still haven a a reserve, dismissed on new principles —     wrote in his work “The Evolution of Military Art” military theorist, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army Alexander Svechin. — The transitional state in which the army was located made it somewhat difficult to carry out mobilization … The first day of mobilization was scheduled for November 2, 1876; 254 thousands were subject to conscription, of the fifth day of mobilization, 75% of recruiting stations appeared».

In total, three waves of partial mobilization were supposed. The second fell on & nbsp; April 1877 & nbsp; — War was declared just then. The third lasted until the winter of that same year. About the results of the second wave to Emperor Alexander II at the end of April 1977  reported Interior Minister Alexander Timashev: “According to the general opinion of the governors, reserve people gathered everywhere quickly and willingly. There were no those who evaded appearance upon conscription…» The most interesting thing is that the rush did not die out and into the third wave. Here is what he wrote in & nbsp; December 1877 & nbsp; assistant to the head of the Voronezh provincial gendarmerie department: “When recruiting young soldiers in the Ostrogozhsky district, many rejected ones expressed a desire to serve voluntarily, and” those already enrolled in the “service” asked to be sent to the & nbsp; active army.

The most interesting thing is that the captivating moods were reasonably stopped, which, along the way, historian and publicist Dmitry Ilovaisky wrote: «We never talked about lightness the fight ahead of us. We remind you of the possible still complacent people who look at this as a military walk. No, we are dealing with an enemy numerous, and most importantly, dexterous and malicious».

The words are fair. But "the main thing" after all, it was not in this. And in the fact that all the estates, all the peoples of Russia in those years realized their commonality, and, no less important, the need for Russia historical mission to restoration of justice, peace and tranquility, which fits into three words : “We don't leave our own.”

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How did the referendums on joining four regions to Russia end?

Electoral commissions in the DPR, LPR, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions summed up the results of referendums for accession. What will follow the referendums and when the regions can become part of Russia – in the material RBC media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

What were the results of the referendums

The Republic of Donbass, as well as the authorities of the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions controlled by the Russian military, summed up the results of the referendums on joining Russia.

Voting results look like this:

  • LNR— 98.42% voted for joining Russia
  • DNR— 99.23% for joining Russia
  • Kherson region— 87.05% for joining Russia
  • Zaporozhye region— 93.11% for joining Russia

The total turnout in the LPR, according to the local CEC, was 92.6%. In the DNR in the DNR— 97.51%, in the Kherson region— 76.86%, and in Zaporozhye— 85.4%.

The pro-Russian Zaporozhye and Kherson civil-military administrations intend to declare the region's independence within administrative boundaries. At the same time, in the Zaporozhye region, they control only the southern and central parts, the capital of the region— the administrative center of Zaporozhye is controlled by Kyiv.

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How the voting went

The referenda went on for five days— in the first four days, voting took place in the adjoining territories and during the address bypass; on the last & mdash; September 27— on the plots. The organizers explained this decision for security reasons. By the evening of September 25, the referendums in the DPR, LPR and in the Russian-controlled territory of the Zaporozhye region were declared valid as a result of a turnout exceeding 50%: according to the central election commissions of the DPR and LPR, 77.12 and 76.09% of voters voted in three days, respectively. Kherson region exceeded the threshold of half the voters the next morning. Schools and colleges were on vacation during the voting period.

Polling stations for residents of the DPR, LPR, Zaporozhye and Kherson regions were opened in 84 Russian regions, there were about 600 stations, the CEC of Russia reported. Most of them were discovered in the south of Russia. CEC Deputy Chairman Nikolai Bulaev spoke of “hundreds of thousands of people” who are forced to stay in Russia and wish to vote. In total, more than 4 million people have arrived in Russia from the zone of military operation since February, Ombudsman Tatyana Moskalkova noted.

At the polling station, one had to present a passport or other document proving one's identity and confirming one's residence in the territory of one of the republics or regions. Residents of the Kherson region who lost their documents voted on a photocopy of their identity card if they were included in the voter lists, and citizens without documents could bring witnesses who would confirm the residence of the voter in the territory, explained the head of the local CEC Marina Zakharova.

Significant part of the voters was added to the lists additionally directly at the polling stations. “In particular, in polling stations formed abroad, the lists are compiled from scratch, that is, every citizen of the republic who comes to vote is entered into them,” — said the head of the Central Election Commission of the DPR, Vladimir Vysotsky, adding that some of the voters could not be taken into account initially.

When the regions can become part of Russia

Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov said on September 27 that all Russian authorities are ready to join the country with new regions. State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin promised that the House would support the decision to join the DPR and LPR to Russia, if it is adopted.

Following the results of the referendums on joining the LPR, DPR, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions, the authorities planned a rally in the center of Moscow, sources told RBC. It is tentatively scheduled for September 30, where Vladimir Putin is scheduled to speak. This can be combined with the signing of an agreement on joining Russia with the LPR, DPR, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions.

The Federation Council may consider the entry of new subjects into Russia on October 4, speaker of the chamber Valentina Matvienko said, adding that she does not see the need for an extraordinary meeting of the chamber. Andrey Klishas, ​​Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation and State Building, also noted that the need for “artificial acceleration of the constitutional procedure for the admission of new subjects to Russia” no. Klishas added that the inclusion procedure would require amendments to the text of the Russian Constitution.

The head of the LPR, Leonid Pasechnik, has already announced plans to visit Moscow with an appeal to Putin. According to Pasechnik, he hopes that “today-tomorrow” will go to Moscow. The head of the Zaporozhye region, Yevhen Balitsky, and the head of the military-civilian administration, Volodymyr Saldo, also announced their intention to visit the capital of Russia after the announcement of the results of the referendum.

Russian legislation contains a procedure for joining a new entity— foreign country or part of it. Admission to the composition takes place on the basis of an international treaty, before signing which the President of Russia notifies the Federal Assembly and the government. After the conclusion of the agreement, the President applies to the Constitutional Court with a request to assess the compliance of the agreement with the Constitution. If the court finds no violations, then the contract, together with the draft federal constitutional law, which defines the name of the new subject, its status, boundaries, transitional provisions, is sent to the State Duma, and then to the Federation Council. After the adoption of the document by the Houses of Parliament in Art. 65 of the Constitution is amended— the names of new subjects of Russia are added there.

What will change after the joining of subjects

After joining the republics of Donbass and the territories of the Zaporozhye and Kherson regions controlled by Russian forces, Moscow will no longer conduct a special military operation, but a “counter-terrorist operation on its territories,” said the head of the Crimea, Sergei Aksyonov. He also expressed the opinion that these territories could have been annexed without holding referendums, since their inhabitants “have long been determined in their legal choice.”

The Kremlin reported that after the referendums on joining the DPR, LPR, as well as the Zaporozhye and Kherson regions of Ukraine to Russia, “dramatically” the legal status of these territories will change. The situation will change “with all the relevant consequences for the purposes of protection and security in these territories,” Peskov noted.

A wave of public euphoria about this seems unlikely so far, the head of the Petersburg Politics Foundation believes. Mikhail Vinogradov. “To put it in sports language, the citizens approached the referendum not at the peak of their form. Therefore, there are no signs so far that the expansion of borders can cause a surge of positive, commensurate with the Crimean one or with how the hypothetical demobilization would be perceived, — said the political scientist RBC.

The topic of legitimacy will not be paramount in interpreting the referendum, Vinogradov added. “Everyone who feels the need to recognize it has actually already recognized it,” — he noted. According to the political scientist, referendums and partial mobilization were declared as two elements of one event. “In the first week of partial mobilization, there were expectations that the Russian authorities were trying to seriously accelerate the dynamics of the conflict with these actions. However, will Moscow be able to cope with this growing dynamics and these two solutions have created a synergy that strengthens the Russian position,— this is still a question on which there is no unequivocal opinion, — the political scientist concluded.

How Ukraine and the international community reacted

The position and task of Ukraine do not change due to the holding of referendums on joining the DPR and LPR to Russia, as well as in the territories of the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions controlled by Russian troops, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry said. In early September, Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine Irina Vereshchuk said that Ukrainians would face a prison term for participating in referendums. President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky stressed that holding referendums would make it impossible to continue diplomatic negotiations with Russia.

French President Emmanuel Macron said that referendums in the Donbass and other regions “will not have legal consequences, and called them a “parody.” The authorities of Germany, the USA, Great Britain, Poland, Estonia, Turkey and a number of other countries also announced the non-recognition of the results of the referendums.

The UK imposed sanctions against 33 persons associated with the organization of referendums in the DPR, LPR, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions .

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Foreign Ministry allowed Russia to participate in the investigation of the accident at Nord Stream

So far, no such proposals have been received, said Deputy Minister Alexander Grushko. The readiness to support the investigation was declared in Brussels, and both there and the Kremlin do not exclude that a targeted attack led to the damage /02/756643562474022.jpg 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Russia is ready to participate in the investigation of incidents at Nord Stream and Nord Stream 2, if offered, said Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko.

“If there are any appeals, we will consider them. So far, there have been none, as far as I know, — said the Deputy Minister (TASS quote).

On the night of September 26, a sharp drop in pressure was recorded in one of the lines of Nord Stream 2, which was never put into operation without obtaining permission from Berlin and Brussels. Then the operating company Nord Stream reported a pressure drop on both strings of Nord Stream. (gas pipeline transportation has been suspended for an indefinite period since the end of August).

The company subsequently attributed the pressure drop to the unprecedented disruption. There have been leaks from gas pipelines, “it is not yet possible to estimate the timing of restoration of the gas transmission infrastructure.”

At the same time, seismologists from Denmark and Sweden, in whose territorial waters leaks occurred, recorded powerful explosions.

The Kremlin admitted that a targeted attack could have caused the damage. Possible sabotage was announced by EU diplomat Josep Borrell and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, as well as Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki. The Swedish authorities also believe that the leaks were the result of “explosions, probably caused by sabotage.”

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Borrell assured that the EU will support “any investigation aimed at clearly establishing what happened and why.”

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Latvia has introduced a state of emergency on the border with Russia and strengthened border control

Latvia has introduced a state of emergency on the borders with Russia and strengthened border control measures Latvia has increased the number of patrols on the borders with Russia, and also introduced a state of emergency in the regions closest to it for three months. The Cabinet of Ministers explained this by the outflow of Russians from the country after the announcement of the mobilization -width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Latvia has declared a state of emergency (ES) in areas that border Russia. This is stated in a message on the website of the government of the republic.

The Cabinet of Ministers explained that, in general, the situation on the border between Latvia and Russia is stable, however, after mobilization was announced in Russia, the number of Russians wishing to leave their country “significantly increased”. “Thus, there is a risk of a rapid increase in the number of illegal migrants on the Latvian-Russian border as well. Purpose of emergency measures— preemptive preparation for such a risk,»,— The message says.

The emergency regime came into force on September 28 in the Aluksne, Balvi and Ludza regions of the country and will last for three months. It also applies to airports, sea and rail border crossings.

The measure will allow border guards, in case of need or a sharp increase in the number of migrants, to quickly attract additional resources: the police, the State Security Service, as well as the country's armed forces.

In addition, Latvia will close the Pededze border crossing, strengthen border surveillance and border control. In particular, the number of patrols will be increased to prevent illegal border crossing.

Since September 19, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Estonia have banned the entry of Russians who have tourist Schengen visas, including those issued by third countries. Exceptions are provided for those who cross borders for humanitarian reasons, for diplomats, for those visiting relatives, and for truck drivers.

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In announcing the introduction of the state of emergency, the Latvian government announced that the number of Russian citizens wishing to enter Latvia is declining. Since September 19, 57 Russian citizens have been denied entry into the country. “Not a single Russian citizen crosses the Latvian border as a tourist. The circle of persons who are allowed to cross the external border of the EU as an exception is determined in accordance with the agreement reached by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the countries of the region, and in accordance with the decision of the Government of Latvia, — the government says.

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Pasechnik asked Putin to consider joining the LPR to Russia

The head of the LPR, Leonid Pasechnik, asked Putin to consider joining the LPR to Russia -width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Leonid Pasechnik

The head of the LPR, Leonid Pasechnik, asked Russian President Vladimir Putin to consider the issue of joining the republic to Russia. Pasechnik's appeal is published by LuganskInformCenter.

At the referendum that ended this week in the LPR, 98.42% of voters voted for joining Russia.

The material is being supplemented.

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Taliban agrees with Russia on gas supplies to Afghanistan

The Taliban managed to negotiate with Russia on the supply of food and fuel. The exact terms of the deal are unknown, in August the Afghan government did not rule out that they would pay with raisins and medicinal herbs .png 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

The Taliban holding power in Afghanistan (recognized as terrorist and banned in Russia) entered into a trade agreement with Russia. This was reported to Reuters by the Acting Minister of Trade and Industry of Afghanistan, Haji Nooruddin Azizi. According to him, the Taliban government is now working to diversify its foreign trade relations.

As part of the deal, Russia will annually supply the country with about 1 million tons of gasoline, 1 million tons of diesel fuel, 500 thousand tons of liquefied hydrocarbon gases ( LPG) and 2 million tons of wheat, he said. Azizi did not name the exact price of the contracts, but said that Russia offered the Taliban a discount compared to the average world prices for raw materials.

The agreement will remain in effect for an indefinite trial period. After it, the parties will have to sign an agreement for a longer period if they are satisfied with the results.

RBC sent inquiries to representatives of Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak and the Ministry of Energy.

On June 15, representatives of the Taliban visited the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. Among the Taliban negotiators who arrived were the deputy head of the Afghan Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Mohammad Younis Hossein, and the head of the Afghan diplomatic mission, Jamal Nasir Garwal. One of the goals of the visit was to negotiate the supply of wheat to Afghanistan.

In August, Azizi said that the Afghan authorities intend to negotiate with Moscow on the supply of fuel to the country. The Taliban are ready to pay for Russian oil with minerals, raisins and medicinal herbs Azizi said. If such a scheme does not suit Moscow, then Kabul can also pay with money, he noted.

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Opposition MP announced Georgia’s plans to close the border with Russia

Opposition deputy announced Georgia's plans to close the border for men from Russia Representatives of the Georgian authorities did not confirm the words of the deputy from the opposition 756641397039415.jpg 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

An opposition MP announced Georgia's plans to close the border with Russia

From September 26, the Georgian authorities may close the borders for men from Russia due to the large flow of Russians arriving in the country, said the deputy of the opposition party of Georgia “United National Movement” in the Georgian Parliament Nona Mamulashvili on the air of the Ukrainian TV channel FreeDom.

“The Georgian government has so far done nothing to stop this massive influx of Russians into Georgia. As far as they explained to us, on Monday they will close the borders. This is the only thing they could do at this stage,»— she said.

According to her, the entry ban may primarily affect men aged 18 to 55.

Mamulashvili pointed out that no official statements have yet been received from the Georgian government.

Early on the morning of September 23, at the Upper Lars border checkpoint, there was a record queue of cars for 2022— 1.7 thousand

According to the data of the Federal Customs Service (FTS) of Russia on the workload of automobile checkpoints, the most significant queues (the number of vehicles in front of the checkpoint) were then recorded at the following points:

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  • Upper Lars (border with Georgia)— 1715 cars;
  • Kyakhta (border with Mongolia)— 80 cars;
  • Burachki (border with Latvia)— 58 cars;
  • Ubylinka (border with Latvia)— 25 cars.

The next day, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of North Ossetia called on Russians to refrain from traveling to Georgia due to the fact that at the checkpoint “Upper Lars” there were large queues of people waiting for the passage— only about 2.3 thousand cars.

On September 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a partial mobilization in the country. According to Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, it is planned to mobilize 300 thousand Russians, or about 1% of the total mobilization reserve.

After that, traffic jams were reported on the border with Georgia, Finland, Mongolia, and airlines sold out tickets for the next direct flights to Istanbul, Yerevan, Baku.

Kazakhstan's National Security Committee reported that on September 25, the country's border guards detained three Russians who violated the border, bypassing the existing checkpoint.

« The violators explain their actions by the desire to evade the partial mobilization being carried out on the territory of Russia,»,— noted in the message.

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Japan has imposed a ban on the export to Russia of goods related to chemical weapons

Tokyo imposed new sanctions against Russia against the backdrop of referendums in the DPR and LPR, as well as in the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions. The sanctions list includes 20 more Russian organizations related to the defense sphere (max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Japan imposed new sanctions against Russia, in particular, banning the export of goods related to the production of chemical weapons to the country. The corresponding message of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan is published on the agency's website.

In addition, the sanctions list of legal entities in respect of which export restrictions have been introduced has been expanded,— 20 more Russian organizations were added to it.

Among those included in the lists— JSC «Moselectronproekt» (“subsidiary” of JSC “Russian Electronics”, NPO “Etalon”, JSC “Informakustika” (part of Rostec), Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics named after A.I. Alikhanov National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” (ITEF), Salyut plant.

The Japanese Foreign Ministry last week warned of plans to expand export sanctions against Russia. Foreign Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi then announced that companies related to the military and defense sphere would fall under the restrictions.

This happened against the backdrop of decisions being made in the DPR and LPR, as well as in the Russian-controlled territories of the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions of Ukraine about holding referendums on joining Russia.

Earlier, the US and the EU announced new sanctions in case of holding referendums.

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Tokyo supports Ukraine, in particular, equipment and drones were sent to Kyiv, as well as financial help for humanitarian needs.

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FT called the West’s mirror response to Russia’s nuclear strike unlikely

The West doubts the use of nuclear weapons in Ukraine, writes FT. According to the newspaper, in response to such a move by Moscow, a nuclear strike is not considered. media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

FT says West's mirror response to Russia's nuclear strike is unlikely

Western officials doubt that Russia will use nuclear weapons in Ukraine, but if it does, a mirror response is unlikely, sources told The Financial Times.

Despite the fact that Western countries did not take the words Putin, who warned about the readiness to use “all means” to protect the country, as a direct threat, they increase vigilance and nuclear deterrence, the newspaper's interlocutors said.

Two unnamed officials expressed doubt that the West would do the same in response to a potential nuclear strike. According to them, “the usual military response” will follow. Three sources told the newspaper that NATO countries had warned Moscow about the scale of the response to the use of nuclear weapons. In their opinion, such a threat would be the best deterrent.

Analysts and politicians, the FT notes, believe that if Russia decides to use nuclear weapons, then it will be tactical (it contains less TNT equivalent compared to the strategic one).

The topic of Russia's possible use of nuclear weapons in the West is being discussed after Putin's words on September 21, during his address to citizens, during which the head of state announced a partial mobilization. He accused Western countries of “nuclear blackmail”.

“When the territorial integrity of our country is threatened, we will certainly use all the means at our disposal to protect Russia and our people. It's not a bluff. <…> Those who are trying to blackmail us with nuclear weapons should know that the wind rose can also turn in their direction, — he said.

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The law signed in 2020 provides four conditions for Russia to use nuclear weapons:

  • receipt of reliable information about the launch of ballistic missiles attacking the territories of Russia and/or its allies;
  • the use by the enemy of nuclear weapons and other types of weapons of mass destruction on the territories of Russia;
  • the impact of the enemy on critical state or military facilities of Russia, the failure of which will lead to the disruption of the response of nuclear forces;
  • aggression against Russia with the use of conventional weapons, when the very existence of the state is threatened.

In March, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that any outcome of the military operation in Ukraine “certainly not reason for the use of nuclear weapons. Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev, after the announcement of the referenda, warned that the protection of all joined territories would be strengthened. “Russia has announced that not only mobilization capabilities, but also any Russian weapons, including strategic nuclear weapons and weapons based on new principles, can be used for such protection,” — he wrote in his telegram channel.

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Klishas criticized Tsekov’s idea to restrict exit from Russia

Legislators should develop support measures for mobilized citizens, and not “escalate” the situation, Senator Klishas believes. As an example of “injection”, he cited Tsekov's proposal to restrict exit from the country

The head of the Federation Council committee on constitutional legislation and state building, Andrey Klishas, ​​suggested to his colleagues “instead of escalating the situation”; engage in the development of social support for citizens who are subject to mobilization. Klishas wrote about this in Telegram.

“I would like to invite all colleagues (instead of escalating the situation) to pay attention to the issues of social support for citizens who are subject to mobilization, and violations during partial mobilization, which are reported by the media,” — wrote Klishas.

Klishas put forward such a proposal, commenting on two initiatives of the Senator from the Crimea, Sergei Tsekov.

Tsekov proposed to ban all citizens of military age from traveling abroad, as well as increase fines for evading receipt of agenda from 3 thousand to 50 thousand rubles, RIA Novosti reported.

State Duma deputy Yevgeny Popov also opposed the proposal to introduce travel restrictions for citizens. “Categorically against any restrictions on movement for our citizens”, — he wrote in Telegram.

For avoiding mobilization, namely from receiving a summons and appearing at the military commissariat, administrative liability is provided for under Art. 21.5 of the Code of Administrative Offenses, which implies punishment in the form of a fine from 500 to 3 thousand rubles. Criminal liability for failure to appear occurs only if the person received the summons and signed it.

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The beginning of partial mobilization in Russia was announced by Russian President Vladimir Putin on September 21, on the same day he signed the corresponding decree. Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that 300 thousand people are subject to conscription. According to him, these will be mainly people who have a military specialty or combat experience. According to the explanation of the Ministry of Defense, privates and sergeants under 35 years old, junior officers under 50 years old, senior officers are subject to partial mobilization. up to 55 years old. Shoigu promised that students and conscripts would not be included in this number.

In total, according to the minister, 1.1% of the total mobilization resource, which is more than 25 million people, will be attracted as part of the mobilization. The length of the front exceeds 1,000 km, the rear needs to be “fixed and controlled.” Later, the ministry issued a clarification according to which representatives of certain professions would be exempted from mobilization in order to ensure the “work of certain high-tech industries, as well as the financial system.” Russia. Also “booking” military-industrial complex employees will receive.

Despite assurances from the authorities about limited mobilization, there have been reports in the regions of the draft of citizens who do not meet the criteria for mobilization. In particular, the head of Yakutia, Aisen Nikolaev, said that fathers with many children with four children under 16 were called up, the governor of the Magadan region, Sergei Nosov, and the head of Buryatia, Alexei Tsydenov, spoke about complaints from relatives of citizens not subject to mobilization. According to him, the fathers of large families called on the agenda were released. The head of the Vladimir region, Alexander Avdeev, also stated that work on the return of those mistakenly mobilized in the region had already begun.

Complained about the “stick” approach to mobilization to the Minister of Defense and the head of the Human Rights Council Valery Fadeev. “They call on people without a military specialty and combat experience; inappropriate for age. At the same time, there are known cases of refusal to accept volunteers due to the fact that the military registration and enlistment office “already fulfilled the plan.” Military registration and enlistment offices may have outdated bases, digitalization is lame somewhere, so you need to work with each person carefully, and not for a plan, — said Fadeev.

Announcing the mobilization, Putin announced that all mobilized citizens would be given the status, payments and social guarantees of contract soldiers. The heads of some regions have already announced that they will independently introduce payments for mobilized citizens. Thus, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin set monthly payments of 50 thousand rubles. military personnel called for mobilization. In the event of the death of the mobilized, the family will receive 3 million rubles. By decree of the Governor of the Tula Region, those mobilized will receive an additional one-time cash payment in the amount of 100 thousand rubles.

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Zaporizhzhya State Administration called the referendum on joining Russia held

More than half of the voters in the Zaporozhye region voted in the referendum, it “definitely took place,” the region's CAA reported. Voting will end on September 27, the results have already promised not to recognize Ukraine, the USA, Serbia and Turkey ” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Zaporozhye VGA called the referendum on joining Russia a valid one

The turnout at the referendum in the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine on joining Russia exceeded 50%, the vote is considered “in essence” held. This was stated by the chairman of the movement “We are together with Russia”, a member of the council of the military-civilian administration of the region (VGA) Vladimir Rogov on the radio “Komsomolskaya Pravda”. The VGA was formed after the Russian military took control of the region.

“Yes, [the referendum] definitely took place. You know, we have never had such activity in the elections at all, — added Rogov (TASS quote).

Over 25,000 people voted outside the Zaporozhye region to join Russia, said Marina Zakharova, chairperson of the regional election commission, Interfax reports. According to its data, on September 25, 8.6 thousand voters located in Russia cast their votes.

Russia controls part of the territory of the Zaporozhye region, the voting will take place from 23 to 27 September. In the same period, voting will take place in the Kherson region occupied by Russian troops (to which part of the Nikolaev region was annexed), as well as in the Lugansk and Donetsk people's republics. In the republics of Donbass, the vote was considered to have taken place on the evening of September 25.

Russia will support the results of the vote, President Vladimir Putin promised. “We cannot, we have no moral right to give people close to us to be torn to pieces by executioners, we cannot but respond to their sincere desire to determine their own fate,” — he said during his September 21 address. During the same address, he announced the introduction of partial mobilization in Russia.

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Ukraine announced that it does not recognize the results of referendums. The authorities of Serbia declared a similar attitude to the vote, indicating: “this is completely contrary to our national interests, our policy of maintaining territorial integrity and sovereignty and adherence to the principle of inviolability of borders.”

The authorities of Turkey and Turkey also spoke in support of the territorial integrity of Ukraine USA. US President Joe Biden called the referendums “a sham, a false pretext for annexing parts of Ukraine by force.” Secretary of State Anthony Blinken promised that the accession of Ukrainian regions to Russia would never be recognized by the United States. “Ukrainians have every right to take them back,” — he emphasized.

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G7 countries condemned referendums and threatened Russia with additional measures

The G7 countries stressed that they would never recognize the results of referendums.

The G7 countries (Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Canada, France, Japan and the USA) condemned the holding of referendums on joining Russia in the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, as well as in the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions.

They expressed their readiness to take additional economic measures against Russia, as well as individuals and legal entities inside and outside the country, “providing political or economic support to Russia's illegal attempts to change the status of the territory of Ukraine.” This is stated in the statement of the states, published on the website of the White House.

The readiness of the United States to subject Russia to additional sanctions was also confirmed by the press secretary of the White House, Karine Jean-Pierre.

“We, the leaders of the G7 (G7), strongly condemn the bogus referendums that Russia is trying to use to create a false pretext to change the status of the sovereign territory of Ukraine,” the statement says.

Moscow's actions violate the UN Charter and international law and are contrary to the rule of law, and referendums have no legal force and are not legitimate, the G7 believes. The statement emphasizes that the G7 will never recognize the results of the referenda.

In addition, the G7 states condemned the announcement of partial mobilization by Russian President Vladimir Putin and his rhetoric, calling it a “step towards escalation.”

Putin called the goal of mobilization “the defense of our Motherland, its sovereignty and territorial integrity, to ensure the security of our people and people in the liberated territories.” He also accused the West of having launched “nuclear blackmail”, and assured that “if the territorial integrity of our country is threatened, to protect Russia and our people” Moscow is using “every means at our disposal.” “It's not a bluff,” — approves the head of state.

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In the DPR, the question for the voting ballot was formulated as follows: “Do you support the entry of the DPR into the Russian Federation as a constituent entity of the Russian Federation?”

In the LPR, the question will sound like this: for the entry of the LPR into the Russian Federation as a constituent entity of the Russian Federation?

The bulletin in the Kherson region will contain the question: state and its entry into the Russian Federation as a subject of the Russian Federation? The bulletin will be compiled in two languages: Russian and Ukrainian.

In the Zaporozhye region, the question was formulated as follows: “Are you in favor of secession of the Zaporozhye region from Ukraine, formation of an independent state by the Zaporozhye region and its entry into the Russian Federation as a subject of the Russian Federation?” It will be dubbed in Ukrainian.

Putin said on September 21 that Russia would support “the decision about its future, which will be made by the majority of residents of the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, Zaporozhye and Kherson regions.”

On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military operation in Ukraine, the purpose of which he called “protecting people who have been subjected to bullying, genocide by the Kyiv regime for eight years,” as well as “demilitarization and denazification” neighboring country. At the same time, he claimed that the Russian side did not intend to occupy Ukrainian territory.

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Kadyrov spoke about the power of Russia, capable of “demolishing any Western army”

Russia has a colossal staff of employees of various departments at their official posts, even half of them “will demolish any Western army.” Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov made such a statement on his Telegram channel.

According to him, the Russian Federation has so many resources, especially military ones, that “NATO and the West will get tired of counting.” 

So, if we exclude the reservists, then the country, as Kadyrov noted, still has a colossal staff of employees who have good physical training and weapons skills. We are talking about employees in the ranks of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the FSB, the FSO, the SVR, the UFSIN, the Investigative Committee and other departments.

“Together with the law enforcement and military departments – that's about 5 million people. If you leave 50% of the staff in office, then the other half of them in the amount of 2.5 million people will demolish any Western army, – clarified the head of Chechnya.

Earlier, Ramzan Kadyrov condemned those evading military service in the Russian Federation, calling them traitors.

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King Globe. Blau’s masterpiece revealed the secrets of the Dutch and kept the secrets of Russia

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 38. Heating reason 21/09/2022

This year the State Historical Museum is celebrating 150 years since its creation. This year can also be considered a kind of anniversary for one of the most notable exhibits – Blau's globe, which was transferred to the Historical Museum 110 years ago, in 1912.

About the difficult fate of a difficult subject that influenced the fate of Russia and the world, “AiF” said senior researcher at the Department of Written Sources, curator of the Cartography Fund of the State Historical Museum Vladimir Bulatov.

What's in the name?

The creator of the globe Jan Blau(1596–1673), like his father Willem Blau, who established the production of globes, was the chief cartographer of the Dutch East India Company. This company had a monopoly on trade throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans. She owned huge territories there. In a word, it was a powerful, very rich and influential concern that played a significant role in European and world politics. And among the people managing this concern, it was the cartographer who played an important role.

One and a half ships

The main customer of the globe was the Swedish queen Christina. The famous lady, brilliantly educated, knowing many modern and ancient languages, patroness of sciences and arts… The globe, unparalleled, was to be the decoration of her office. But the Queen was too independent. She fell in love with the Spanish ambassador in 1654. abdicated, converted to Catholicism, and left Sweden. She was allocated a certain amount for maintenance, she received income from several Baltic lands, but this was clearly not enough to buy such a status item. 16 & nbsp; thousand guilders – the mind is incomprehensible! The standard price of a transoceanic vessel of the type “flutes” at the shipyards of Amsterdam in those days was not more than 10 thousand. guilders.

“Prophecy” Petra

We regularly conduct visitor surveys. One of them included the question “What do you remember the most?”. Blau's globe was in first place. In March 1711  Peter I, having got this globe, ordered to place it in Kremlin. He wrote to the Moscow Governor Tikhon Streshnev: “On” a large globe, look for some special dry chamber in the Kremlin, where it would be safe from a fire, and, having broken through the doors, put that globe in it. In the end, the doors decided not to break – a separate extension was composed for the globe, where it, together with the legendary boat of Peter, became available to the general public. In fact, it was the first museum, and the globe became the first museum exhibit in Russia – The Kunstkamera will be founded only in 1714 g. But the words of the sovereign about breaking the doors turned out to be prophetic. The fact is that the globe cannot be brought into any of one of our doors. It is wider than any entrance to & nbsp; this room & ndash; the diameter of the sphere itself is 171 cm, and that's not counting the stand! So I had to break through the openings and then restore them.

Midshipmen, forward?

For more than 20 years, the globe has been a museum exhibit in Moscow. B 1733  he was transferred from Kremlin to Sukharev Tower, where he became a teaching aid – it was used by midshipmen, cadets of the Navigation School – this is reflected in the film "Midshipmen Go!". The movie, in fact, begins with the fact that in a large globe resembling Blau's brainchild – – it is possible that the filmmakers knew the history of our exhibit and took care of the correct props… B 1752  the globe was sent to St., who himself once studied at the Navigation School. He designed a special lightweight sleigh carriage that made it possible to get by with fewer horses, but which ensured transportation without breakdowns and losses. And soldiers accompanying valuable cargo were forbidden to smoke near the cart. height=”600″ width=”666″ style=”display: block;” />

Click to enlarge 

Short

Peter bought the globe in 1707 not for 16 thousand guilders, but for 1.8 thousand. How did his agents manage to bring down the price? Here you need to understand why it was prohibitively high. By and large, the globe reveals some of the geographical secrets of the East India Company. Who, for little money, will part with information that can get to competitors? But by the beginning of the XVIII century. these secrets are no longer secrets. Yes, and the globe began to become obsolete. Please note: California (1)and Korea are depicted as islands here, instead of the usual outlines of the Caspian Sea (2) — some kind of amoeba, but Kamchatka (3)and not at all. By the way, the globe became obsolete, including through the efforts of Peter himself. The tsar signed a contract with the Nuremberg cartographer Johann Homann for the preparation, production and sale of new maps of Russia in Europe, which was supposed to increase the international prestige of the country. In particular, the Caspian Sea and Kamchatka — the result of Russian geographical discoveries.

The language of geopolitics of the 17th century.

In addition to the idea of ​​geography, Blau's globe also provides information on current politics. But in a very different way.(4)

In Europe, the Dutch did not draw state borders, but the borders of historically established regions. Let's say Bohemia. And no matter who owns it – an empire or some kind of duchy. Bohemia remains Bohemia. And with the colonial possessions another calico. The Dutch cartographers did not translate the names. What the Spaniards discovered is called in Spanish on the globe. What belongs to the British, – in English. What the Dutch own, – in Dutch. As a result, the alignment of forces in the ongoing colonial redistribution of the world is clearly visible. By the way, with some degree of caution, we can talk about another conditional anniversary of the globe. The Dutch colony of Kapstadt (now Cape Town) on the Cape of Good Hope, founded by Jan van Riebeek370 years ago, in 1652, is indicated here. This means that the globe was not made earlier than this date.

Any whim for your money?

One European border on the globe is of more interest to us than others. Let me remind you: the Great Northern War of 1700 1721  is going on, Sweden and Russia agreed in large-scale confrontation. How is the border between them marked on the Dutch globe?

It can be seen that these two boundaries. One of them showed the situation relevant for the times of Queen Christina – according to the Stolbovsky peace treaty of 1617, when Sweden cut off Russia from the Baltic Sea. However, if you look closely, you can also see another – according to Tyavzinsky peace treaty of 1595 g., where Russia's access to Baltic remained. (5)

Why is that? Blau's firm found itself in a difficult position. When she was preparing a globe for Christina, it was necessary to show the borders as beneficial to Sweden as possible. When the deal with Peter did grow together, it was necessary to do the opposite. It cannot be ruled out that the Dutch, versed in politics, reacted to the change of customer and drew a border that was more flattering for Peter. But & nbsp; there are no traces of removing varnish and & nbsp; traces of cleaning. Most likely, the double border was originally drawn – perhaps to emphasize the power of Sweden. Here, they say, as it was in 1595 g. and and that's how cool Sweden has moved east by now.

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Germany set a goal to again receive gas from Russia after a military operation

Prime Minister of Saxony: Germany should again receive gas from Russia after the end of the military operation Germany should take all measures to cope with the shortage of fuel and achieve lower prices for it, says Prime Minister of Saxony Kretschmer. Among them, he named supplies from Qatar, as well as the restoration of imports from Russia “(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Hungarian Foreign Minister urged to avoid conflict between Russia and NATO

Hungarian Foreign Minister Szijjártó: it is necessary to avoid a direct conflict between Russia and NATO /v6_top_pics/resized/673xH/media/img/1/54/756640042253541.jpg 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width : 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Peter Szijjarto

In the current situation, it is important to prevent a conflict between Russia and the North Atlantic Alliance because of its consequences, said in an interview with RIA Novosti Hungarian Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto.

“Now this is the most important task— to avoid any direct conflict between Russia and NATO, since this will lead us to such consequences that neither side wants, — he said.

Szijjártó said that since the end of February, the expectation that there would be no major wars in the world has become illusory. In his opinion, a clash between Moscow and NATO would jeopardize the existence of the planet, and Hungary, in this regard, takes the position that alliance forces should not be sent to Ukraine. The Minister stressed that the resolution of the conflict depends largely on the dialogue between Russia and the United States.

The Russian side has repeatedly accused NATO of direct or indirect participation in the conflict in Ukraine. In early August, the first deputy head of the presidential administration, Sergei Kiriyenko, said that the Ukrainian authorities “gave away their country, their territory, and, worst of all, their people for use.” The West and NATO, which unleashed a “fundamental confrontation” against Russia.

The North Atlantic Alliance denies its direct participation in the conflict, but NATO countries supply Ukraine with weapons. In addition, they emphasized that the bloc is not looking for a confrontation with Moscow, but will respond to its actions in the event of an attack on one of the NATO members.

In July, the alliance adopted a new Strategic Concept, in which Russia is called the main threat block security. In accepting the document, NATO member countries also called on Moscow to stop the special operation in Ukraine.

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Peaceful plans for genocide. The story of how the US and NATO did not threaten Russia

Plot World History with Andrey Sidorchik

Western leaders have launched a series of statements that boil down to one — there is no threat to Russia's security from representatives of the North Atlantic Alliance.

“NATO is not looking for a conflict with Russia”

“NATO is not looking for a conflict with Russia”, — announced Alliance Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. “Putin says he had to act because Russia was threatened. But no one threatened Russia,», — declared at the UN General Assembly US President Joe Biden. In the same place, the new British Prime Minister Liz Truss said: “No one threatens Russia.”

In general, if you believe these words, our country is surrounded exclusively by pacifists, and the security threat &mdash ; this is purely Russian paranoia.

In 1996, director Tim Burton released the dark humor film Mars Attacks! In it, the inhabitants of the Red Planet, who arrived on Earth with predatory goals, are chasing earthlings with blasters and destroying them, while saying: “Don't run away! We are your friends! We came in peace!»

Perhaps this is the best illustration of the attitude of the West towards our country since the end of the Second World War.

The plan for the destruction of the Soviet Union from the Commander of the Order “Victory”

The last salvos of the war with the Nazis had not yet died down, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain Winston Churchill had already given the order to the Joint Planning Staff of the War Cabinet about preparing a plan code-named “The Unthinkable” — operations against the Red Army in Europe. Moreover, to implement it, it was planned to use, among other things, units of the Wehrmacht that had just surrendered to the Western allies.

The attack was to begin on July 1, 1945. However, the British generals announced to Churchill — the success of the attack cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, the “Unthinkable” sent to the archive. But that was only the beginning.

After the atomic attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by order of US President Harry Trumanin the fall of 1945, the development of the “Totality” plan began. It provided for an atomic attack on 20 Soviet cities, including Moscow and Leningrad, large industrial centers, as well as a number of capitals of the Union republics. The headquarters of Dwight Eisenhower — by the way, a holder of the Soviet military order “Victory”.

“Tasks Regarding Russia”: what America wanted to turn the USSR into

In 1948, the memorandum “Tasks Regarding Russia” was issued in the United States. According to him, after the victory of the United States, Russia:

  • should not be so militarily strong as to threaten its neighbors;
  • must grant broad autonomy to national minorities;
  • must be economically dependent on the outside world;
  • must not establish a new Iron Curtain.

Within the framework of the military plans of the United States, atomic strikes on the territory of the Soviet Union were supposed to be carried out from military bases located in the allied countries of the United States in Europe and Asia.

On March 17, 1948, five Western European states — Belgium, UK, Luxembourg, Netherlands and France — concluded the so-called Brussels Pact, the key provision of which was the creation of “collective self-defense”. Germany was considered as a possible aggressor in case the militarists returned to power, but first of all, the USSR was considered as an enemy.

«Dropshot»: destruction of millions of Soviet people and occupation

On April 4, 1949, 12 countries, among which were the signatories of the Brussels Pact, the United States, Canada, as well as Denmark, Italy, Norway, Portugal and Iceland, concluded the North Atlantic Treaty. The first Secretary General of NATO Ismay Hastings formulated the purpose of the organization's existence rather succinctly: “Keep the Soviet Union out, the Americans — inside, and the Germans — in a subordinate position.

In the same 1949, the US Joint Chiefs of Staff approved the Dropshot plan, according to which 300 atomic bombs were to be dropped on 100 largest cities and industrial centers of the USSR. In addition, it was supposed to strike with conventional bombs, which were supposed to be dropped on the heads of Soviet citizens by 250 thousand tons. Dropshot Plan assumed the prevention of retaliatory strikes from the USSR, the complete destruction of its military infrastructure, the occupation of the defeated country with the division of four “zones of responsibility”: the Western part of the USSR, the Caucasus — Ukraine, Ural — Western Siberia — Turkestan, Eastern Siberia — Transbaikalia — Primorye.

According to the Dropshot plan, only the first phase of the US atomic attack was supposed to take 20 million human lives. As for the 40 million victims, the Americans were not sure — they made them dependent on the level of resistance offered by the Soviet side. At the same time, the plan indicated that due to large-scale destruction, the life of the survivors would be “very complicated.”

“The unrealistic nature of the proposal does not deserve discussion”: how the USSR was not taken into NATO

The creation by the Soviet Union of its own atomic bomb in 1949 reduced the possibility of planning nuclear attacks against our country, but by no means made it completely abandoned.

At the same time, NATO representatives publicly stated that their bloc was aimed solely at ensuring peace. When Turkey was included in NATO in 1952, again declaring the peaceful nature of the organization, Joseph Stalinsarcastically remarked: “Shouldn't we join NATO then?”

On March 31, 1954, the government of the USSR sent an official note asking for admission to the North Atlantic Alliance. The document stated: “The North Atlantic Treaty Organization would cease to be a closed military grouping of states, it would be open to the accession of other European countries, which, along with the creation of an effective system of collective security in Europe, would be of paramount importance for strengthening world peace.”

The West's answer was exhaustive: “The unrealistic nature of the proposal is not worth discussing.” 

On May 9, 1955, West Germany was admitted to NATO. That is, in violation of all previous agreements of the countries — members of the anti-Hitler coalition made the country that initiated the Second World War a member of the military bloc.

179 nuclear strikes on Moscow

In 2015, the United States declassified plans for nuclear strikes on the USSR, drawn up by the US Strategic Air Command (SAC) in 1956. The plan included two detailed lists of more than a thousand targets, each in the territory of the USSR and its friendly countries, which were to be hit with nuclear weapons.

After the destruction of Soviet military airfields, as well as command posts, which, according to the authors of the plan, should have led to the impossibility of a retaliatory strike, it was planned to move on to the second part of — destruction of the industrial centers of the USSR in order to destroy the military industry of the Soviet Union. As conceived by American strategists, civilian objects also fell into the number of targets. Particular attention was paid to Moscow and Leningrad.

179 targets were included in the list of targets subject to an atomic strike in Moscow, in Leningrad — 145 targets. 

American researchers who studied the plan stated that it provided for the targeted destruction of the civilian population of the Soviet Union. It was about tens of millions of people.

The reverse side of the Caribbean crisis: what was Comrade Khrushchev wrong about?

The peak of the Cold War historians often refer to the Cuban Missile Crisis, which began with the secret operation Anadyr as — the transfer of Soviet medium-range missiles with nuclear warheads to Cuba. The American side called these actions of the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev reckless.

But there is one caveat. In 1961, by order of US President John F. Kennedy, 15 American PGM-19 Jupiter medium-range missiles were deployed near the Turkish city of Izmir. with nuclear warheads.

The range of these missiles was 2,400 kilometers, which allowed them to hit the European part of the USSR, including Moscow.

The main advantage of medium-range missiles is the minimum time to reach the target. The flight time of American missiles from Turkey was less than 10 minutes. Thus, the ability of the Soviet side to take countermeasures in the event of a strike was reduced to a minimum.

Therefore, the actions of the USSR were in fact only an equivalent response. But in the United States, an incredible hysteria began at the thought that not only they could threaten destruction.

A new round

The Cuban Missile Crisis had a positive moment — there was some sobering up in the West, which later resulted in detente in the 1970s, when several important strategic arms limitation treaties were signed at once. But by the end of the decade, everything started all over again.

In 1979, the NATO Council decided to deploy more than 500 American medium-range missiles with nuclear warheads in Europe. In response, the Soviet side announced the deployment of its missiles on the territory of Czechoslovakia and the GDR.

By 1987, 108 Pershing-2 missile launchers were deployed in West Germany. and 64 Tomahawk missile launchers. In Great Britain there were 112 launchers of American Tomahawks, in Italy — 112, in the Netherlands — 16. 

Perestroika, and then the collapse of the socialist bloc and the USSR, it would seem, ended the Cold War. The Soviet Union, which was initially declared a threat to NATO, did not become, and, therefore, the existence of the North Atlantic Alliance lost its meaning.

Lost Illusions

However, the alliance has not gone away. The idea of ​​a neutral status for a united Germany remained an idea — the former socialist GDR actually became part of NATO.

In 1997, the founding act of Russia was signed — NATO, which declared that the parties do not consider each other as adversaries.

In 1999, two very important events took place. First — inclusion in the alliance of three former members of the Soviet bloc (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic). The second — NATO armed aggression against Yugoslavia, which resulted in the separation of the province of Kosovo.

Thus, the promises of NATO's non-expansion to the East were buried, and the alliance itself carried out a large-scale offensive operation, which had no analogues in Europe since 1945.

Russia, based on statements about the peaceful nature of NATO, again proposed to consider the question of our country's inclusion in the alliance.

How Vladimir Putin wanted to join NATO

In 2000, Vladimir Putinin an interview with the BBC, he said he was considering Russia's membership in NATO: “Why not? I do not rule out such a possibility — in the event that the interests of Russia will be considered, if it is a full partner.

The same topic was also discussed at the talks with US President Bill Clinton. In 2017, Putin recalled this as follows: “During the discussion, I said:“ Maybe look at the option that Russia will join NATO. Clinton replied, “I don't mind.” But the entire delegation was very nervous.”

In 2004, the so-called “fifth enlargement of NATO” took place. The bloc included not only the former socialist countries, but also the former republics of the USSR: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

Russian politicians have repeatedly posed the question to Western partners: if NATO's expansion to the East is not directed against Russia, then what kind of does it make sense? And why in new countries — NATO members find themselves at the helm of politics not only with an agenda that is not neutral, but openly hostile to Moscow?

Why did the US withdraw from the ABM Treaty?

On December 13, 2001, US President George Bush Jr. announced the US unilateral withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM). This document, signed in 1972, was one of the cornerstones of nuclear security.

The American side argued that the refusal of the treaty was connected with the desire to ensure their own security on the part of Iran, North Korea and other so-called “rogue states”. Representatives of Russia reasonably noted that plans to deploy anti-missile position areas near the borders of the Russian Federation could not be considered otherwise than as an attempt to reduce the possibility of a nuclear potential for a retaliatory strike. This corresponds to the concept of “disarming strike” adopted in the US nuclear doctrine; — that is, Washington will strike first with its own forces so that the enemy will not have the opportunity to retaliate.

Thus, the situation can be returned to 1945, when the first plans for unpunished atomic aggression against our country were being developed, which provided for the destruction of tens of millions of people, followed by occupation.

“Against whom is this expansion against?”

In 2007, speaking at a security conference in Munich, Vladimir Putin stated: “The process of NATO expansion has nothing to do with modernizing the alliance itself or with ensuring security in Europe. On the contrary, it is a serious provoking factor that reduces the level of mutual trust. And we have a fair right to ask frankly: who is this expansion against? And what happened to the assurances given by the Western partners after the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact? Where are these statements now?.. Now they are trying to impose on us already new dividing lines and walls — albeit virtual, but still dividing, cutting our common continent. Will it really take many years and decades again, a change of several generations of politicians, to “sort” and “dismantle” these new walls?»

Western politicians considered that speech aggressive. In fact, it was an announcement that Russia intends to protect its interests and its citizens.

Alas, there was no sobering up in the West. Decades of the history of the North Atlantic Alliance clearly prove — NATO has no other ultimate goal, except for the destruction of Russia. And all the talk about a peaceful nature is a fairy tale.

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Israel urged to increase the number of flights from Russia

The country's authorities are worried about the Jews who are now in Russia, and are ready to accept them on their territory. The Israeli Foreign Ministry is preparing for a new wave of Russian immigrants : 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid is concerned about the fate of Jews in Russia after the announcement of a partial mobilization and therefore called on the head of the El Al airline to ensure the continuation of flights between the two countries, writes The Times of Israel, citing an official source. The Israeli Prime Minister's Office told NEWS.ru.co.il that Lapid had asked the company to increase the number of flights to Russia.

Israel Hayom, citing Israeli Foreign Ministry Director General Alon Ushpiz, reports that Lapid, who also heads the Foreign Ministry, has instructed to receive more immigrants from Russia. This, according to him, will require measures not only to increase flights, but also in the field of visas and the further placement of migrants in the country.

Russian President Vladimir Putin on September 21 announced a partial mobilization. Within its framework, 300 thousand people will be called up, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said. The call will be subject to reservists who have served in the army, have in-demand military specialties and combat experience. Students and conscripts should not be mobilized.

After the announcement of mobilization, tickets for the next direct flights from Moscow to Istanbul, Yerevan, Baku and other countries neighboring Russia that do not require visas for entry were sold out.

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Latvian authorities stated that “for security reasons” will not issue humanitarian visas to Russians who avoid mobilization. Jussi Tanner, head of consular service at the Finnish Foreign Ministry, said that Helsinki would not issue visas to men of military age from Russia if there were “ambiguities in the documents”; or in case they are not going to return to Russia. After that, Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto announced that Finland was preparing a complete ban on entry for Russian citizens, as it “does not want to be a transit country”.

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The United States began to look for a “sanctions guru” amid their tightening against Russia

The consultant will have to help the government avoid major economic shocks that may be caused by the imposed sanctions media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

The US Department of the Treasury has opened a vacancy for a “sanctions guru”— an economist who will advise the department on the impact of restrictive measures on fiscal and monetary policy, financial markets and other areas, Bloomberg reported.

The consultant will be required to help the country's government avoid major economic shocks, such as the one that faced the global aluminum market in 2018 in connection with the imposition of sanctions against companies associated with Russian businessman Oleg Deripaska.

Among the requirements listed in vacancies,— the presence of higher education (a bachelor's degree is enough) and access to classified information. The salary will be $12.5 thousand, or 761.5 thousand rubles. at the current exchange rate.

A successful interviewee will lead a newly created sanctions economic analysis group at the US Treasury. It was formed after the US administration analyzed economic sanctions and found that they had increased by 933% over the past 20 years.

“What we don't want is for someone to just print 460-page academic papers. It will be a much more focused and practical approach to making decisions,— said Alex Parets, Advisor to the Undersecretary of the Treasury for Counterterrorism and Financial Intelligence.

According to Bloomberg, US authorities are facing criticism that sanctions are too often used as a political tool, that they are difficult to manage and are “virtually impossible to lift” once they go into effect. As a result, it becomes more difficult for businesses to obtain licenses, and private companies decide to “just stay away from any jurisdiction where there is a risk of sanctions.” And this even applies to a number of cases where US policy “requires some business involvement, for example, for humanitarian or other reasons,” the agency notes. Officials from the US Treasury believe that the work of a new specialist will help remove some of these concerns.

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The United States has repeatedly imposed sanctions against Russia. This year they tightened restrictions in response to Moscow's recognition of the DPR and LPR and a special operation in Ukraine. Russia considers these sanctions illegal.

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North Korea denies reports of “hostile forces” on the supply of weapons to Russia

The Ministry of Defense of the republic called the data on military assistance to Russia from North Korea rumors. The fact that Pyongyang is transferring ammunition to Moscow was announced at the Pentagon and the US State Department. Moscow denied these reports

The DPRK has never supplied weapons and ammunition to Russia and does not plan to do so, according to the TsTAK, citing a statement by the deputy head of the main technical support department of the Republic's Ministry of Defense.

“Recently, the US and other hostile forces have been talking about “violating the resolution” The UN Security Council, spreading “rumors about the supply of weapons” between North Korea and Russia. <…> We have never exported weapons or ammunition to Russia before and we do not plan to export them,— assured the department (quote from Reuters).

In early September, the Pentagon announced that they had recorded the fact that Moscow had asked Pyongyang for ammunition. The US State Department said Russia “is in the process of acquiring millions of missiles and artillery shells from North Korea for use in Ukraine.”

White House national security spokesman John Kirby said that the Pentagon could not provide evidence for their claims. “There is no indication that this purchase has been completed, and, of course, there is no indication that these weapons are being used on the territory of Ukraine,” — Kirby stressed.

Russia's Permanent Representative to the UN Vasily Nebenzya denied information about such supplies.

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Putin posthumously awarded the title of Hero of Russia to the Commissioner of the Young Guard

The title was awarded to Viktor Tretyakevich “for courage and heroism shown in the fight against the Nazi invaders during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945”

Putin posthumously awarded the title of Hero of Russia to the Commissar of the Young Guard

Viktor Tretyakevich

Russian President Vladimir Putin awarded the title of Hero of Russia to one of the organizers of the underground organization “Young Guard”, which operated in 1942-1943. Viktor Tretyakevich.

The high title was awarded posthumously to Tretyakevich “for courage and heroism shown in the fight against the Nazi invaders during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945,” according to a decree published on the portal of legal information .

“Young Guard” was created by Komsomol members in the city of Krasnodon occupied by German troops (then the Voroshilovgrad region of the Ukrainian SSR). Tretyakevich was the commissar of the organization and was executed by the Germans after the defeat of the underground organization in 1943. However, unlike other leaders of the “Young Guard” (Oleg Koshevoy, Sergei Tyulenin, Lyubov Shevtsova, Ulyana Gromova and Ivan Zemnukhov), Tretyakevich did not receive the title of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously in 1943, since one of the arrested employees of the occupation German police said that it was Tretyakevich who, after his arrest, could not stand the torture and issued the rest of the underground. Tretyakevich's surname is not mentioned in Alexander Fadeev's novel The Young Guard, in which Oleg Koshevoy became the commissioner of the organization. But in the novel, a certain Yevgeny Stakhovich appears, to whom some details of Tretyakevich's biography are attributed. It is Stakhovich who betrays the Young Guard in the novel.

After the war, the accusations against Tretyakevich were declared unfounded, and in 1960, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, he was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 1st degree.

Underground organization “Young Guard” was established shortly after the occupation of Krasnodon by German troops in July 1942. The members of the underground distributed leaflets with calls to fight the occupiers and reports from the Sovinformburo, set fire to the labor exchange, which kept lists of people (with addresses and filled out work cards) intended for forced export to work in Germany, and organized a number of other actions.

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With a cat for a long time. The Italian moved to Russia to teach at the university

Since this academic year, students of the Southern Federal University in Rostov-on-Don have a new teacher — Italian Marcello Messina. He lectures on the history of Renaissance art and international relations in the second year of the undergraduate and first year of the master's program at the Institute of History and International Relations of the SFedU. And she will also conduct scientific seminars for graduate students. 

«The son dreamed of seeing snow»

Marcello, 40, moved to Russia in late August with his wife, three-year-old son and cat. The family lived in the city of Catania in Sicily. By the way, Marcello emphasizes that he — namely “Sicilian Italian”. The scientist taught mainly not in Italy, but abroad, in particular in Brazil. And with Russian students from SFedU he taught remotely. However, he will spend the current academic year within the walls of universities, which he has long dreamed of. The decision to move was unanimously taken at the family council, in which even a three-year-old son participated.

“He also wanted to live in Russia, especially dreamed of seeing snow,” — says the teacher. Therefore, at the first opportunity, the family set off. The Italians were fully aware of what they might face under the sanctions, cooperating with one of the leading Russian universities. But the dream of living in Russia turned out to be stronger. When the university announced a competition for the vacancy of a teacher, Marcello easily won, and a contract was signed with him. 

“Of course, it would be easier for me to teach online, but my family and I dreamed of visiting Russia. Many years ago I came here and I really liked it here. Due to various circumstances, we were not able to fly earlier, but now there is such an opportunity, and here we are, — he explains.

Marcello began to learn Russian a long time ago, so we can say that Russia has already become a part of his life. 

In the adventures of Italians in Russia, their cat named Safajini also participates. Five years ago, as a baby, they picked her up in the Brazilian city of Rio Branco, where there are a lot of homeless cats. The kitten fawned over people, and when he saw him, Marcello could no longer leave and leave the animal on the street. Since then, the cat has traveled everywhere with the Italian family. 

Marcello Messina. Photo: personal archive

Dumplings and cabbage soup instead of pasta

The first thing that surprised the family in Rostov, — it's weather and nature. The city of many millions met foreigners with unexpected heat and surprised them with its stormy life. 

“Rostov-on-Don has a lot of colors, greenery and places where you can gather in a big company. Europe seems gray and dull to me, there are practically no trees on the streets. Therefore, even Pushkinskaya Street is like a real park for me! It is beautiful, lively, children walk and play here, and it is very important for our family to find a place where we can have fun with a child and enjoy nature, », — shares Marcello.

As for Russian cuisine, Italians liked a lot, such as cabbage soup, borscht, and also dumplings and sausages. So they definitely won't miss their native Italian pasta. “It's good that there is not as much pasta here as in Italy, because for us it is unhealthy food, as well as for any person,” — he thinks. 

Marcello's wife knows English well, so now she is taking courses to become an English teacher at the same university where her husband works. The son was enrolled in kindergarten, where he will learn to speak Russian, make new Russian friends and eagerly await the first snow. 

A story with an Italian accent

According to Marcello, Russian students are very similar to Brazilian ones in their friendliness, sincerity and openness, which is lacking for students in Europe. He gives lectures in Russian, as he has already mastered the language well, and only a slight accent betrays it.

“Not everywhere students are ready to build communication with a teacher, but in Russia I feel a special culture, respect for teachers and desire to maintain good relations with them. Students are happy to help me in some matters, and I help them, », — notes an Italian.

The new unusual employee and colleagues received the same friendly attitude. “I was received with great cordiality and helped to get comfortable, I talked with some of the teachers even before I came here, and it's great that we now met in person and were able to talk,” — the lecturer says. 

The Italian plans not only to give lectures and talk about the history of Italy, but also to conduct a lot of scientific research at the Institute of History and International Relations of the Southern Federal University, which will then be published in various specialized publications. Now a project in the field of historical memory is being developed under the program “Priority 2030”, in which SFedU became a participant in 2021.

In addition, Marcello hopes to establish interaction between university students and guys from other universities where he worked, especially with Brazil.

“I would really like to stay in Russia for more than one year, and I hope that my dream will come true. There is something in this country that cannot be described in words, », — recognized by Marcello.

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What is known about partial mobilization in Russia

Putin announced a partial mobilization in Russia. According to Shoigu, it will affect 300,000 people. What is known about the mobilization at the moment – in the material RBC -width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

What is known about partial mobilization in Russia

Announcement of partial mobilization

President Vladimir Putin on the morning of September 21 announced a partial mobilization. The corresponding decree is published on the Kremlin website.

According to the document:

  • those called up for military service by mobilization have the status of servicemen serving under a contract ;
  • the level of salaries of the mobilized corresponds to the salaries of military personnel serving under the contract;
  • contracts for military service continue to be valid until the end of the partial mobilization period;
  • the grounds for dismissal from military service are the achievement of the age limit for military service, the state of health (in connection with the recognition by the military conscription commission as unfit for military service), the entry into force of a court verdict imposing a sentence of imprisonment;
  • Citizens working in organizations of the military-industrial complex receive the right to deferment from conscription for mobilization.

The document also contains instructions to the government:

  • to finance the partial mobilization activities;

  • take the necessary measures to meet the needs of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, military formations and bodies during the period of partial mobilization;

  • Superior officials of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation ensure that citizens are called up for military service for mobilization in the number and within the time limits determined by the Ministry of Defense for each constituent entity.

  • Paragraph 7 of the decree is missing in the published version. Later, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov explained that it refers to the number of mobilized, which was named by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu.

  • The document entered into force from the moment of publication

Sergey Shoigu explained who is subject to conscription under conditions of partial mobilization

Following the president's address, federal TV channels showed an interview with Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, who explained what measures would be taken after the signing of the presidential decree.

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The head of the military department estimated the total number of reservists at 25 million people. Now, according to him, about 300 thousand people, that is, 1.1% of the mobilization resource, will fall under partial mobilization.

Shoigu explained that we are talking about people who are in reserve and:

  • served in the army;
  • have combat experience;
  • they have military registration specialties that are necessary in the troops (Shoigu did not specify their list).

The head of the military department noted that they are not subject to mobilization :

  • students;
  • conscripts.

How to find out your military specialty and registration category

The code of the military specialty, military rank, the category of registration of those in the reserve are indicated in the military ID in the paragraphs “service in the reserve”, as well as in the insert “mobilization order”.

What does the law say about mobilization

Mobilization activities in Russia are regulated by the federal law “On mobilization training and mobilization in the Russian Federation”, which was signed by President Boris Yeltsin in 1997. In particular, it contains requirementsto citizens during the period of mobilization:

  • to appear on the call of military commissariats, federal executive bodies with a reserve, to determine their purpose during the period of mobilization;
  • to citizens who are in the military registration, from the moment the mobilization is announced, it is forbidden to leave the place of residence without the permission of the military commissariats, federal executive bodies that have a reserve.

Conscription for military service for mobilization subject tocitizens in the reserve who do not have the right to deferment from conscription for military service for mobilization. Deferred call for mobilization in accordance with the law applies to citizens:

  • booked in the manner determined by the government of the Russian Federation;
  • recognized as temporarily unfit to military service for health reasons— for up to six months;
  • engaged in constant care for a father, mother, wife, husband, sibling, sister, grandfather, grandmother or adoptive parent who, for health reasons, in accordance with the conclusion of the federal institution of medical and social expertise, in outside permanent care (assistance, supervision) or who are disabled Group I;
  • who are the guardian or guardian of a minor sibling and (or) a minor sibling in the absence of other persons legally required to support these citizens;
  • having four or more dependent children under the age of 16, or having one or more dependent children under the age of 16 without a mother;
  • having a wife who is at least 22 weeks pregnant, and having three dependent children under the age of 16;
  • deputies of the State Duma and members of the Federation Council.

Creation of mobilization commissions

In accordance with the law, federal government bodies that have mobilization tasks create mobilization bodies to organize mobilization preparation and mobilization activities and control their implementation.

So, for example, on Monday morning, the draft commission for partial mobilization was organized in St. Petersburg. It was headed by Governor Alexander Beglov. The city's military commissar Sergei Kachkovsky was appointed his deputy. The heads of many other regions announced the creation of commissions.

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One hundred years of hatred for the Russians. What did the fear of Russia drive America to?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 37. With all the consequences. What is pouring from the tap 09/14/2022

70 years ago, 19 September 1952 on on the Queen Elizabeth liner, going from America to England, the world famous actor and director Charles Spencer Chaplin has received word that it is no longer allowed to enter the US.

Or rather, not at all. The telegram stated that an entry permit could be obtained, but “a commission from the Department of Immigration would have to respond to a number of charges of a political nature.” Behind the department was the FBI, which ran a campaign to “investigate un-American activities.” In fact, Chaplin fell under the rink of Russophobic hysteria that swept the US elite. In places, the hysteria took on very gloomy forms — in April 1949 with diagnosis "nervous and"mental exhaustion, depression" was fired and placed in a clinic by US Secretary of DefenseJames Forrestal. During his illness, he repeated more than once: “The Russians are coming … They are everywhere. I saw Russian soldiers. In May, the ex-minister jumped out of the window.

In a word, the degree of tension in  society was high, which Charlie Chaplin wrote in his autobiography and : "I with pleasure answered that I would only be glad not to breathe this air poisoned with hatred, and that everything this got me fed up. Since 1948      they conducted conversations” FBI officers. According to  protocols, "anti-American activities" the actor was in his sympathy for people of the "wrong" nationality: “You wrote an appeal called “Russia, is the future for you”?” — “Yes.”     Who exactly did you contact and     — “I did it at the request of the Russians, who at that time were our allies. It is addressed by me to Soviet Russia.     did you receive the staff of the Russian consulate?  — “I” knew the Russian consul. An excellent person, although we met twice. I don feel no enmity towards Russia… Maybe I don understand the situation, but I must admit that I have always been convinced that if we manage to come to an  will only go to the benefit.

“If Russia wins”

Everything was blamed on Chaplin: public calls for the opening of a second front during the war, and the fact that at the   he began his speech with the words: “Dear comrades.” According to the protocols, it is clear that the fears of the FBI officers were caused not by abstract “agents of communism”, but by specific Russians. The words “Soviet” or “communist” there are much less common than “Russia” and  "Russian".

This was also characteristic of the American press. What could not disturb the Russian emigration. A native of Poltava Boris Brazolbefore the war, he was known as a writer and public figure, who, according to his views, adjoined the Nazis and was proud of the fact that he “wrote books that will bring more evil to the Jews than a dozen pogroms.” Believing that things could come to & nbsp; the persecution of all Russian emigrants, he launched a vigorous activity & nbsp; & mdash; autumn 1950 & nbsp; a memorandum was sent to influential individuals and institutions, among which was the US Library of Congress, a memorandum on the inadmissibility of confusion of the concepts of “Russia” and   communism”, with reminders of the historical achievements of Russia and the Russian people. Reaction to memorandum was lukewarm — it did not correspond to the mood in society, which was fueled by posters “If Russia wins.” One of the pictures showed a gigantic boot trampling on the chest of an American housewife. And the caption: “If the communist conquest takes place, American men will be sterilized, and our women will be helpless under the boots of Asian Russians.”

The emigrants had every reason to fear punitive action. This was already the second Russophobic campaign in the USA. (The  first — in 1919 1920                             they were deported to Soviet Russia on the “Buford” steamer, which was nicknamed the “Red Ark”; and & nbsp; which was ahead of the Soviet “Philosophical Steamboat” for for three years.

It is much less often remembered that during Palmer, more than 10 thousand people were arrested without warrants. Russian emigrants, most of the public organizations of the Russian diaspora were destroyed. The Russians were firmly entrenched in an almost official status of “suspicious and” unreliable. The Russian diaspora, in contrast to the German, Italian, Jewish or Chinese, has ceased to be any noticeable structure capable of influencing the public life of the United States.

It is very rarely remembered that it was precisely the first Russophobic campaign that a hitherto inconspicuous person owes his rise to. — John Edgar Hoover. It was he, formerly a modest immigration official, who showed such zeal in the fight against the “red menace” that Palmer, in 1921, appointed him Deputy Director of the Bureau of Investigation. In 1924  Hoover became director of the Bureau. A in 1935  under pressure from Hoover, the US Congress legislated all of his initiatives. This is how the famous FBI appeared, whose agents since then constitute, as it were, a separate caste of people for whom general laws are not written. Roughly speaking, one of the most important state structures of the USA in its current form — child of the first Russophobic campaign. Obsessed with the idea of ​​a “communist conspiracy,” Hoover was the director of this organization for 48 years.

As Sikorsky warned

Russian emigrants had something to fear. But in this time they were treated more subtly — the guys from Hoover department didn let down Russians. The plan of the highest elites of the United States assumed a different use of the Russian diaspora — it "was given to development" CIA. And "the gentlemen of Langley" several years shuffled options. First, they relied on  political associations of emigrants — it was believed that after the military defeat of the USSR, they could form the backbone of a new puppet government, which would be carried out in the "liberated from"communism territories" American politics.

However, the unexpected happened. The Russians have proven the ability to & nbsp; self-organize. But not the way their curators assumed. Most of the Russians needed Great Russia. Independent and strong. About what the leaders of the diaspora and debated. Though it would be better if they didn't. CIA analysts immediately got their bearings. A single political center for emigration was created — Council for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia. His ideological platform was “nonpredecision”. That is, the absence of any plans for state building until "the peoples inhabiting Russia express their will". In & nbsp; perspective, this meant a complete vacuum of power, the natural collapse of the “big Russian bear”; into a hundred little bear cubs and deleting the united Russian state from reality and history.

When people talk about   “American Russophobia”, this aspect is forgotten, focusing on anti-Russian posters and Russophobic rhetoric. Meanwhile, he warned about the danger of such a turn in 1950  Igor Sikorsky, an aircraft designer who has distanced himself from  politics: "I realize the seriousness and  danger of the situation if America turns the war against communism into a war against the Russian people and his historical statehood». The struggle “against communism” USA won in 1991 The USSR ordered to live long. However, Sikorsky's words seem to be coming true. For several years now, another Russophobic campaign has been going on in the USA. And there is no reason to believe that its goals are different from those stated 70 years ago.

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