A Paris neighborhood honors 92-year-old Holocaust survivor who died after COVID-19 bout

A Paris neighborhood honors 92-year-old Holocaust survivor who died after COVID-19 bout

By
Rebecca Rosman

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James Smurthwaite stands next to the obituary sign he made to honor his late neighbor Eugene Deutsch. 

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Rebecca Rosman/The World 

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Le Chateau Landon is a quiet, nondescript brasserie in the 10th arrondissement of Paris, steps away from the Gare de l’Est railway terminal.

Not much about the black and red interior stands out. But the café has kept a steady clientele of regulars for decades — many of whom are older people.

In April, it lost one of its favorite regulars: A 92-year-old man named Eugene Deutsch who had survived the Holocaust, then a bout with COVID-19.  

Related: Coronavirus tears through Canada nursing homes

Deutsch was a neighborhood figure known for making the daily rounds at the local cafés and bakeries. He would have his morning coffee at Le Chateau Landon, followed by an afternoon Côtes du Rhône wine at the neighboring Le Cristal. In between, he would buy himself a fresh baguette — always bien cuite, or “well done.”

But when France went into lockdown in mid-March, this routine was upended. Deutsch’s health quickly deteriorated.

Philippe, the café’s owner, says that once the lockdown took effect, Deutsch “lost his taste for life.” It’s something he’s seen happen to many older people in the neighborhood. 

“[Older people] aren’t necessarily dying of COVID-19, but in a way, they’re dying because of it.”

Philippe, owner, Le Chateau Landon

“They aren’t necessarily dying of COVID-19, but in a way, they’re dying because of it,” he said.

Related: Isolation may be a greater risk than COVID-19 for Canada’s nursing homes

Deutsch was hospitalized shortly after the lockdown took effect. Neighbors say that he was diagnosed with COVID-19, but recovered and went home. He died a few weeks later from an unrelated health issue. 

He had lived in the same building for more than six decades. James Smurthwaite was one of Deutsch’s neighbors. 

“Imagine spending years spending 62 years somewhere and when you leave, it’s met with complete silence.”

James Smurthwaite, neighbor of the late Eugene Deutsch

“Imagine spending years spending 62 years somewhere, and when you leave it’s met with complete silence,” Smurthwaite says.

Related: Netherlands nursing home builds ‘glass cabin’ for safe visits

While they rarely exchanged more than simple pleasantries, Smurthwaite says he was deeply touched by Deutsch and wanted to do something to honor his memory. In late April, he attached an obituary to a tree in front of their building.

Deutsch was generally reserved and didn’t talk much about his personal life. But here’s what Smurthwaite was able to share.

Eugene Deutsch was born in Hungary in 1928. When he was a boy, he was sent to the Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany, something he never spoke about after the war. In the 1950s he settled in Paris, where he worked as a security guard at a department store. Deutsch never married or had children, but he enjoyed being around others. 

Smurthwaite says that above all, Deutsch loved being outside and used to walk for miles every day.  

Smurthwaite hopes those reading the dedication he posted will spare a thought for the many older people now stuck inside, and who, like Deutsch, may never see a world post-COVID-19.

“With COVID[-19], this generation will know only their last days in this context and I think that’s devastating.” 

James Smurthwaite, neighbor of the late Eugene Deutsch

“With COVID[-19], this generation will know only their last days in this context, and I think that’s devastating,” Smurthwaite says.

Back at the café, the owner Philippe, who only goes by his first name, grabs a teeny tiny wine glass he keeps on a shelf behind the bar. It’s so small, they don’t actually make this kind of glass anymore. But he kept it for Deutsch.

“And now this glass is sad,” he says. “It’s a small souvenir of someone who I miss dearly…someone who was a pillar of the neighborhood.”

Poets and novelists have basically been writing about life under COVID-19 for more than a century

Poets and novelists have basically been writing about life under COVID-19 for more than a century

From 'islands of pain' to the 'peril of exposure,' writers have captured the fear, emptiness and despair that characterize life during the current pandemic, writes a poet and English scholar.

By
Rachel Hadas

From ‘islands of pain’ to the ‘peril of exposure,’ writers have captured the fear, emptiness and despair that characterize life during the current pandemic, writes a poet and English scholar.

Credit:

Marco Rosario Venturini Autieri/Getty

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Pondering the former Dixie Chicks – renamed “The Chicks” – Amanda Petrusich wrote in a recent issue of the New Yorker, “Lately, I’ve caught myself referring to a lot of new releases as prescient – work that was written and recorded months or even years ago but feels designed to address the present moment. But good art is always prescient, because good artists are tuned into the currency and the momentum of their time.”

That last phrase about currency and momentum recalls Hamlet’s advice to the actors visiting the court of Elsinore to show “the very age and body of the time his form and pressure.” The shared idea here is that good art gives a clear picture of what is happening – even, as Petrusich suggests, if it hadn’t happened yet when that art was created.

Good artists seem, in our alarming and prolonged time (I was going to write moment, but it has come to feel like a lot more than that), to be leaping over months, decades and centuries, to speak directly to us now.

‘Riding into the bottomless abyss’

Some excellent COVID-19-inflected or anticipatory work I’ve been noticing dates from the mid-20th century. Of course, one could go a lot further back, for example to the lines from the closing speech in “King Lear”: “The weight of this sad time we must obey.” Here, though, are a few more recent examples.

Marcel Proust wrote that in wartime Paris, ‘all the hotels … had closed. The same was true of almost all the shops, the shop-keepers … having fled to the country, and left the usual handwritten notes announcing that they would reopen.’

Credit:

 L. Bombard, from L’Illustrazione Italiana/Getty

Marcel Proust’s “Finding Time Again,” an evocation of wartime Paris from 1916, strongly suggests New York City in March 2020: “Out on the street where I found myself, some distance from the centre of the city, all the hotels … had closed. The same was true of almost all the shops, the shop-keepers, either because of a lack of staff or because they themselves had taken fright, having fled to the country, and left the usual handwritten notes announcing that they would reopen, although even that seemed problematic, at some date far in the future. The few establishments which had managed to survive similarly announced that they would open only twice a week.”

I recently stumbled on finds from the 1958 edition of Oscar Williams’ “The Pocket Book of Modern Verse” – both, strikingly, from poems by writers not now principally remembered as poets. Whereas a fair number of the poets anthologized by Williams have slipped into oblivion, Arthur Waley and Julian Symons speak to us now, to our sad time, loud and clear.

From Waley’s “Censorship” (1940):

It is not difficult to censor foreign news.
What is hard to-say is to censor one’s own thoughts,-
To sit by and see the blind man
On the sightless horse, riding into the bottomless abyss.

And from Symons’ “Pub,” which Williams doesn’t date but which I am assuming also comes from the war years:

The houses are shut and the people go home, we are left in
Our island of pain, the clocks start to move and the powerful
To act, there is nothing now, nothing at all
To be done: for the trouble is real: and the verdict is final
Against us.

‘Return to what remains’

In an 1897 novel, Henry James wrote ‘She couldn’t leave her own house without peril of exposure. 

Credit:

Hulton Archive/Getty

Dipping a bit further back, into Henry James’ “The Spoils of Poynton” from 1897, I was struck by a sentence I hadn’t remembered, or had failed to notice, when I first read that novella decades ago: “She couldn’t leave her own house without peril of exposure.” James uses infection as a metaphor; but what happens to a metaphor when we’re living in a world where we literally can’t leave our houses without peril of exposure?

In Anthony Powell’s novel “Temporary Kings,” set in the 1950s, the narrator muses about what it is that attracts people to reunions with old comrades-in-arms from the war. But the idea behind the question “How was your war?” extends beyond shared military experience: “When something momentous like a war has taken place, all existence turned upside down, personal life discarded, every relationship reorganized, there is a temptation, after all is over, to return to what remains … pick about among the bent and rusting composite parts, assess merits and defects.”

The pandemic is still taking place. It’s too early to “return to what remains.” But we can’t help wanting to think about exactly that. Literature helps us to look – as Hamlet said – before and after.

This article is republished from The Conversation, a nonprofit news organization dedicated to unlocking ideas from academia, under a Creative Commons license.

Notre Dame Cathedral’s organ getting 4-year-long cleaning

Notre Dame Cathedral's organ getting 4-year-long cleaning

Philippe Lefebvre plays the organ at Notre Dame cathedral in Paris, May 2, 2013. Pipe by precious pipe, the organ that once thundered through fire-ravaged Notre Dame Cathedral is being taken apart. The mammoth task of dismantling, cleaning and re-assembling France’s largest musical instrument started Monday Aug. 3, 2020 and is expected to last nearly four years.

Credit:

Christophe Ena/AP/File photo

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Stray Kids – Airplane Lyrics

[Romanized:]

YAYA
Bihaenggi bihaenggi

Meolli tteona ollataja bihaenggi
Neowa na hamkke taneun bihaenggi
We are, we are eodideun gayo
We are, we are neowaneun eodideunji gaji

Okay eodideunji gaji jigu jeo kkeutkkaji
Haewa dari batong teochihan hu dasi haega tteul ttaekkaji
Mannal ttaemada naraganeun gibun
Hansirado akkawo 1bun
Akkyeobojago pullin sinbal kkeundo mot mukkeosseo

Paran haneul barabomyeo geonneun geotdo joeunde
Jeo haneulgwa deo gakkapge
Yeonghwa gamsangeun saekdareuge
Ginae eumnyowa eoreumeun jeokdanghage
Uwa gamtansawa mm mm mm
Noraenmal ttara Paris anim London eottae

Ay, ay, gidaryeobwa
Jamkkanman jinjeonghaebwa
Ay, ay, itjana na
Nega nan neomu joa

Cheoeumbuteo neon
Nae simjangeul heundeulgo nareul michige hae

Meolli tteona ollataja bihaenggi
Neowa na hamkke taneun bihaenggi
We are, we are eodideun gayo
We are, we are neowaneun eodideunji gaji

Jim ssago wa ollataja bihaenggi
Gachi ga nal ttarawa bihaenggi
We are, we are
We high, we high
Meollimeolli neowaneun eodideunji gaji ya ya

Today’s the day to fly away
Gidaega dwae gureum chimdae
Sangsanghalsurok mami pyeonhaejyeo baby
Ppalli nawa mot chama seolleneun gibun mallya

Deudieo namui nunchi boji anko swil su isseo
Geudongan ssain modeun geotdeul changmun bakke deonjyeo
Pyeonhage dulmanui segyee inneunde
Eoneu sungan dochakan igoseun New York anim LA

Ay, ay, gidaryeobwa
Jamkkanman jinjeonghaebwa
Ay, ay, itjana na
Nega nan neomu joa

Cheoeumbuteo neon
Nae simjangeul heundeulgo nareul michige hae

Meolli tteonajago ollata bihaenggi
Neowa danduriseo taneun bihaenggi
We are, we are
We high, we high
Meollimeolli eodideun gayo

Jim ssago wa ollataja bihaenggi
Gachi ga nal ttarawa bihaenggi
We are, we are eodideun gayo
We are, we are neowaneun eodideunji gaji

Now put your hands up
Urineun maeil maeil
Joeun neukkim gajigoseo tteona
Now put your hands up
Urineun maeil maeil
Meolli tteona
We falling in love yeah

Girl I will show you Neverland
Nan neoui piteo paen naui son nochi ma babe
Amudo bon jeogi eomneun geol
Neoman boige modeun geol da nege julge

Wait jom deo nae yeopeuro wa closer
Neutgi jeone nareul bwa my lover
Kkumsogeseojocha nan
Meolli tteonaneun sangsangeul hae

Now put your hands up
Urineun maeil maeil
Joeun neukkim gajigoseo tteona
Now put your hands up
Urineun maeil maeil
Joeun neukkim gajigoseo
Tteona everywhere

Meolli tteona bihaenggi tago
Neowa na danduri ganeun trippin’
Jim ssago wa bihaenggi tago
Meollimeolli neowaneun eodideunji gaji
YAYA

[Korean:]

YAYA
비행기 비행기

멀리 떠나 올라타자 비행기
너와 나 함께 타는 비행기
We are, we are 어디든 가요

We are, we are 너와는 어디든지 가지

Okay 어디든지 가지 지구 저 끝까지
해와 달이 바통 터치한 후 다시 해가 뜰 때까지
만날 때마다 날아가는 기분
한시라도 아까워 1분
아껴보자고 풀린 신발 끈도 못 묶었어

파란 하늘 바라보며 걷는 것도 좋은데
저 하늘과 더 가깝게
영화 감상은 색다르게
기내 음료와 얼음은 적당하게
우와 감탄사와 mm mm mm
노랫말 따라 Paris 아님 London 어때

Ay, ay, 기다려봐
잠깐만 진정해봐
Ay, ay, 있잖아 나
네가 난 너무 좋아

처음부터 넌
내 심장을 흔들고 나를 미치게 해

멀리 떠나 올라타자 비행기
너와 나 함께 타는 비행기
We are, we are 어디든 가요
We are, we are 너와는 어디든지 가지

짐 싸고 와 올라타자 비행기
같이 가 날 따라와 비행기
We are, we are
We high, we high
멀리멀리 너와는 어디든지 가지 ya ya

Today’s the day to fly away
기대가 돼 구름 침대
상상할수록 맘이 편해져 baby
빨리 나와 못 참아 설레는 기분 말야

드디어 남의 눈치 보지 않고 쉴 수 있어
그동안 쌓인 모든 것들 창문 밖에 던져
편하게 둘만의 세계에 있는데
어느 순간 도착한 이곳은 New York 아님 LA

Ay, ay, 기다려봐
잠깐만 진정해봐
Ay, ay, 있잖아 나
네가 난 너무 좋아

처음부터 넌
내 심장을 흔들고 나를 미치게 해

멀리 떠나자고 올라타 비행기
너와 단둘이서 타는 비행기
We are, we are
We high, we high
멀리멀리 어디든 가요

짐 싸고 와 올라타자 비행기
같이 가 날 따라와 비행기
We are, we are 어디든 가요
We are, we are 너와는 어디든지 가지

Now put your hands up
우리는 매일 매일
좋은 느낌 가지고서 떠나
Now put your hands up
우리는 매일 매일
멀리 떠나
We falling in love yeah

Girl I will show you Neverland
난 너의 피터 팬 나의 손 놓지 마 babe
아무도 본 적이 없는 걸
너만 보이게 모든 걸 다 네게 줄게

Wait 좀 더 내 옆으로 와 closer
늦기 전에 나를 봐 my lover
꿈속에서조차 난
멀리 떠나는 상상을 해

Now put your hands up
우리는 매일 매일
좋은 느낌 가지고서 떠나
Now put your hands up
우리는 매일 매일
좋은 느낌 가지고서
떠나 everywhere

멀리 떠나 비행기 타고
너와 나 단둘이 가는 trippin’
짐 싸고 와 비행기 타고
멀리멀리 너와는 어디든지 가지
YAYA

This writer is grappling with the paradox of public parks in Paris

This writer is grappling with the paradox of public parks in Paris

Writer
Adam Wernick

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The Medici Fountain is a must-see highlight of the Jardin du Luxembourg. Writer John Freeman has spent much time in this park, contemplating humanity’s place in the natural world and how parks shape and change us.

Credit:

Joe deSousa/Flickr CC 1.0

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A new book of poetry by John Freeman, “The Park,” uses the Luxembourg Gardens in Paris as a lens to peer into the paradox of how public green space can provide refuge and access to beauty for some while excluding others.

For the last five or six years, Freeman has spent his summers and winters in Paris. Most of the time, he lives near the Luxembourg Gardens, so it has become “a kind of second home” to him, he said.

“I’ve studied it and lived in it and grieved in it, and missed people in it and met friends in it. So, to me, it feels like another part of my mental circulatory system,” Freeman said.

As the United States has “gone through this spasm of anxiety over what a citizen means,” Freeman said, he’s been spending much of his time in the park, which he now sees as “a kind of giant metaphor for how we live together and who we allow in and who we kick out.”

“I began to write poems in the park, not really thinking in those terms right away, just simply observing the park,” he said. “And gradually, as I transferred them from my notebook to my computer, I realized I was thinking about more than just a park, but about how we live together.”

RelatedConnecting with nature in the time of COVID-19

In his poems, Freeman explores the paradox of public parks being open to all, yet also finding ways to exclude some people. Paris, which has over 400 parks and gardens and some 1,000 fountains, has a long history of exclusion that continues to the present day, Freeman said.

The Luxembourg Palace, surrounded by the Jardin du Luxembourg in Paris, France.

Credit:

Rdevany, Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0

“When I was living in Paris, especially in the last couple of years since the Syrian civil war, you would see migrants, some of whom who had even walked all the way to Paris from a war zone, living in the park,” he said. “Once Macron was elected, he was quite brutal about excluding migrants from public spaces, pushing them out of the city, pushing them out of parks. …

[T]he park encourages you to have a meditative and kind of expansive mode of thinking and people, once they’re in the park, tend to be pretty tolerant of being around each other, and yet there are all these official policies which say certain people are not allowed.”

But parks can also be spaces that open up the possibility of tenderness between people, between people and animals and between humans and the natural world, Freeman suggests.

“As a world, as a society, as a group of humans, I think we’re desperate for tenderness,” he said. “Because we’ve been seeing its opposite for so long — on broadcast and on social media and on all the ways that we get information. And right now, in the middle of this pandemic, I think people are rediscovering the power of tenderness because we’re with each other more.”

When you enter a park, such as the Luxembourg Gardens, Freeman believes “your way of thinking changes and your capacity to be around others expands.”

“There’s no better contrast than the difference between, say, being on Twitter, where you get none of the signals [of] face-to-face communication — tone of voice and body language, smells, touch. So, people are meaner to each other. They just are,” he said.

Cognitive scientists who study face-to-face communication versus computer-mediated communication confirm there is a great difference between the two, he said.

“The park is, to me, the ultimate retreat back into the full capacity of human-to-human communication, and in that sense, I think we need these spaces desperately.”

“The park is, to me, the ultimate retreat back into the full capacity of human-to-human communication, and in that sense, I think we need these spaces desperately,” Freeman insists. “We need places where people can get out of the spaces that bring out the worst in us [and] into those that bring out a more thoughtful register.”

RelatedGetting outside is a prescription for better health

“We’ve been sold, through the internet, this idea of public space online, which tends, I think in many ways, to destroy actual physical public space because it draws people into these imaginary spaces, these digital spaces, whereas the public ones are not used as much as they used to be,” he continues. “But I hope this pause, as horrible as it’s going to be — if we can get through it, if we can survive it — makes us remember that public space can be a really beautiful, enlarging thing, especially parks. That they’re there for us to be in to share with other people, that there’s nothing so beautiful as sitting on a park bench and having a picnic. Whatever you’re eating, it’s ennobled by a tree looking down on you, and if we get out of this I think there’s going to be a flood of people going to parks.”

Parks can also be a place of discovery or self-soothing, a place where a small detail can instill a particular feeling or desire. One of Freeman’s poems, “The Folded Wing,” expresses this experience: 

The lone duck in
Medici Fountain
slips her beak
beneath a wing
and falls asleep.
Drifting like a
hat tossed into
a green pond.
How good it feels
to be one’s own
comfort, to discover
all the warmth we
need buried in
our bodies. Yes
we bleed, we are
broken, we get
just one body, yet,
there it lies most of
the time, calling
to us, saying, rest here,
lie down in me, I
am more than less
than you, even in a
world that treats
us as two.

“There is something enormously comforting about being in a world where nature abounds,” Freeman said. “And when you can find a space, a public space, where, even if it’s built, even if it’s crafted, even if it’s kind of a fiction, you’re around trees and ducks and birds and animals and light and air and shade and insects and water, you feel this sort of age-old force calling to you.”

This article is based on an interview with Jenny Doering that aired on Living on Earth from PRX.

Moise The Dude – 6 Du Lyrics

[Couplet unique]
6 du, Paris la nuit, Paris, la rue
Mes mains sous sa jupe, mes mains sur son cul
J’lui précise que
Elle n’aurait pas mon cœur, elle n’aurait qu’ma queue
Et j’lui promets rien, en lui mordillant les seins
Et j’suis plus qu’honnête
Tout en étant une ordure de la pire espèce
Tout en étant les deux faces de la même pièce
6 du, beaucoup d’alcool dans les veines
Trop d’mélancolie dans les gènes
J’pense au passé qui r’viendra plus

J’pense au futur incertain, vu qu’à présent j’suis perdu
J’pense à c’qui coince et j’suis rincé
Je sais déjà qu’c’est terminé
Et elle s’inquiète et j’me marre
Pour une fois qu’c’est moi qui rentre tard
6 du, et tout bascule, l’histoire se répète
Adieu femme renarde, à bientôt brunette
Quelle vie hein ? Vie d’chien
A quoi ça tient ? Ça tient à rien

Naod – Avengers Lyrics

[Refräng]
Vill du mötas baby vi kan gå å’ aah
Du sa jag har F.F baby vi kan aah
Tappar ba’ min fokus varje gång vi aah
Så baby möt mig så vi kan bara aah

[Vers 1]
Varje gång hon väcker mig så är det aah, ey
Varje gång vi tjafsar löser vi med aah, ey
Varje gång hon pluggar stör jag så vi aah, ey
Och vi ser aldrig klart en film för vi ba’ aah
Bands will make her dance, å’ hon pull up med en ny benz
Pree me in min range, å’ hon vill bara vara i den
Hon sa hon va lojal men, åkte i vänsterfilen
Gamla birden blev lack, för hon såg mig med den nya
Nu snackar vi knappt, för hon catcha mig med tia
Shoppar med min nya bird, å’ hon e’ kvar i gallerian
Pizza i Paris, å hon e’ kvar i pizzerian
Här får du ett plåster, om jag såra dina känslor

[Refräng]
Vill du mötas baby vi kan gå å’ aah
Du sa jag har F.F baby vi kan aah
Tappar ba’ min fokus varje gång vi aah
Så baby möt mig så vi kan bara aah

[Vers 2]
Skolan gav inte g, så satt två på mitt bälte
Mina dom e’ inte bra, hatarna bara svälter
Nu jag har fyra shows, bara på två nätter
Å’ glider runt i en hästskon, å’ känner mig som en hjälte

Vet ni vad jag gör här, borde va’ i avengers
In the trap med batman, sen vi tagga på adventure
I put my girl in a mission, så hon fick följa med
Hon vill ba’ ha min attention, så jag gav henne de’
Sa till henne du e’ catwoman hon börja le
Nu jag visar henne stash:et och hon sa jag ser
Du har jobbat hårt ett tag, du bör koppla av
Kommer inte lugna mig, förrens jag lagt av
Och det kostar, å’ leva som jag
Å’ när det åskar, måste jag ha något kvar
In the trap med mitt lag, å’ det klart att vi vinner
Hatare har det knas, å’ ligger långt ifrån millen
Varje måltid gör mig glad, som jag äter happy meal, man
Så kom med mig baby å’ låt oss skapa minnen

[Refräng]
Vill du mötas baby vi kan gå å’ aah
Du sa jag har F.F baby vi kan aah
Tappar ba’ min fokus varje gång vi aah
Så baby möt mig så vi kan bara aah
Vill du mötas baby vi kan gå å’ aah
Du sa jag har F.F baby vi kan aah
Tappar ba’ min fokus varje gång vi aah
Så baby möt mig så vi kan bara aah

In France, the killing of George Floyd invokes the memory of Adama Traoré

In France, the killing of George Floyd invokes the memory of Adama Traoré

George Floyd’s killing sparked protests across the world. In France, it reignited calls for justice for Adama Traoré, a 24-year-old French Malian man who died in police custody almost four years ago.

By
Lucy Martirosyan

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Assa Traoré, sister of Adama Traoré, a 24-year-old, black Frenchman who died in 2016 during police detention, poses during an interview with Reuters in Beaumont-sur-Oise, near Paris, June 7, 2020. 

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Lucien Libert/Reuters

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The death George Floyd, the 46-year-old black man killed by a white police officer on camera late last month in Minneapolis, has sparked protests in cities across the world, including Amsterdam, Seoul and London.

In France, Floyd’s death has reignited calls for justice for Adama Traoré, a 24-year-old French Malian man who died in police custody in a Paris suburb almost four years ago.

Over the weekend, more than 23,000 people across France continued to pay homage to both Traoré and Floyd, denouncing systemic racism and police brutality in a dozen cities including Lyon, Lille, Nice, Bordeaux and Metz. Fearing violence, French police banned protests in front of the US Embassy and on the Champ de Mars lawns in front of the Eiffel Tower in Paris on Saturday.

Related: Protesters worldwide face controversial police tactics

French President Emmanuel Macron asked Interior Minister Christophe Castaner to accelerate propositions for improving France’s police code of ethics. It’s a request Macron said he’s been demanding since the gilets jaunes or “yellow vests” protests against pension reforms in January.

In a press conference on Monday, Castaner announced that French law enforcement would abandon the policing technique known as le plaquage ventral, or “ventral plating,” a method of forceful detainment that involves “the strangulation” of the neck. Castaner also said he would request the suspension of officers involved in suspected racism, referring to an investigation into racist messages allegedly exchanged by police officers in a private Facebook group of nearly 8,000 members.

For the first time since Traoré’s death in 2016, Macron also asked Minister of Justice Nicole Belloubet to look into the case.

Related: Police killing of George Floyd strikes a chord in Kenya

During last Tuesday’s protests in Paris, Assa Traoré, Adama Traoré’s older sister, drew parallels between Floyd and her brother, saying the two black men died the same way in the hands of police.

“Tonight, this fight is no longer just the fight of the Traoré family, it’s everyone’s struggle,” Assa Traoré said. “We are fighting for our brother, in the US, George Floyd, and for Adama.”

The French capital alone garnered support from crowds of more than 20,000 people, defying a ban on large gatherings during the country’s COVID-19 state of emergency. 

On the same day, June 2, Castaner defended the police, criticizing peaceful protests that turned violent. In a tweet, he said that violence has no place in a democracy. And he congratulated the police for “their control and composure.”

La violence n’a pas sa place en démocratie.
Rien ne justifie les débordements survenus ce soir à Paris, alors que les rassemblements de voie publique sont interdits pour protéger la santé de tous.
Je félicite les forces de sécurité & secours pour leur maîtrise et leur sang-froid.

— Christophe Castaner (@CCastaner) June 2, 2020

A protester is detained during a banned demonstration in memory of Adama Traoré, a 24-year-old black Frenchman who died in a 2016 police operation which some have likened to the killing of George Floyd in the United States, on the Place de la Republique in Lille, France, June 4, 2020. 

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Pascal Rossignol/Reuters

Since her brother’s death, Assa Traoré launched Truth for Adama, an organization that has been trying to prove that Adama Traoré died by asphyxiation at the hands of the French police.

Related: The parallels of police violence in the US and around the world 

On July 19, 2016, French gendarmes — a military force within law enforcement in France — stopped Adama Traoré as he was riding his bike with his brother on the streets of Beaumont-sur-Oise. Adama Traoré, who didn’t have his identification card on him, ran away fearing arrest. Identity checks are part of legislation in France to clamp down on illegal immigration, and police are known to abuse this practice against any person of color in Parisian suburbs. 

Officers chased him down and forcibly detained him. While transported to the police station, Adama Traoré’s condition worsened. He died that evening in police custody while his family was waiting for him at home to celebrate his 24th birthday.

A French court ruled that the gendarmes had no involvement in Adama Traoré’s death and that he died due to underlying health conditions and heart failure.

While the officers involved in the case were exonerated this month, a new, independent report requested by the Traoré family released last week said he died by “positional asphyxiation” — contradicting the original autopsy.

Yassine Bouzrou, the lawyer representing the Traoré family, said that the police used the ventral plating technique where, Bouzrou says, three officers pinned him down onto his stomach with their full weight on top of him — totaling 551 pounds.

Related: ‘No justice, no peace’: Thousands in London protest

“When he was arrested, it was extremely violent. He was crushed by the weight of police officers on top of him. … [Adama Traoré] said he couldn’t breathe.”

Yassine Bouzrou, lawyer, France

“When he was arrested, it was extremely violent. He was crushed by the weight of police officers on top of him,” Bouzrou said. “[Adama Traoré] said he couldn’t breathe.”

Adama Traoré’s death resonates especially with black French people and Maghrebis — North Africans — living in Parisian suburbs who say they feel targeted by police.

“The way people are treated at the banlieue [suburb], it’s like a map,” said Franco Lollia, an Afro Caribbean activist with the Brigade for Anti-Negrophobia in Paris, through an interpreter. “You could compare it to redlining in the United States.”

Redlining was banned more than 50 years ago in the US, but reports say that it reinforced segregation and economic disparities that persist in these cities today. 

According to a 2012 report by Human Rights Watch, young black or Arab French people living in economically disadvantaged neighborhoods in French cities are more likely to be stopped by the police, suggesting that the gendarmes and police in France engage in racial and ethnic profiling.

Related: Human rights should be ‘top value,’ says Ukraine’s former police chief

Lollia, who founded his group in 2005, says there is a psychological, implicit bias that exists against people of color in Parisian suburbs, which ultimately perpetuates systemic racism.

When Adama Traoré died that summer nearly four years ago, his death became a rallying call in the suburbs of Paris against police brutality. That July, in 2016, protests lasted for several days in the French capital, with some violent clashes between civilians and police. People in France were starting to make connections to the Black Lives Matter movement in the US, Lollia said, drawing parallels to Michael Brown, Freddie Gray, and Eric Garner, who also said, “I can’t breathe.”

A protester holds a sign during a banned demonstration in memory of Adama Traoré, a 24-year-old black Frenchman who died in a 2016 police operation which some have likened to the death of George Floyd in the United States, on the Place de la Republique in Lille, France, June 4, 2020.

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Pascal Rossignol/Reuters

Lollia connected Traoré’s case to that of Floyd, — but with one major distinction.

“What happened to George Floyd was on camera. What happened to Adama was not on film. … So, if I may say so, they didn’t get the chance to get the death on video. This is how cynical the situation gets for us to prove our innocence. It has to be taped.”

Franco Lollia, activist, Brigade for AntiNegrophobia, Paris, France

“What happened to George Floyd was on camera. What happened to Adama was not on film,” Lollia said. “So, if I may say so, they didn’t get the chance to get the death on video. This is how cynical the situation gets for us to prove our innocence. It has to be taped.”

Bouzrou agrees that there are many similarities between the two cases.

“The first point in common is that both [Floyd and Traoré] died by the ‘ventral plating’ technique, with police officers on top of their backs,” Bouzrou said. “Three police officers were on top of Floyd. And three gendarmes on top of Adama Traoré. The second point in common — they both said they couldn’t breathe. The third point in common is that, in both cases, the first [autopsy] claimed that they died because of a heart attack — Traoré and Floyd. [Fourth,] thanks to independent reports, the real cause of death was found — that is to say, the death was caused by the arrests.”

And finally, Bouzrou said, Adama Traoré and George Floyd were both victims of being black men.

Meanwhile, France’s Police Union official, Yves Lefebvre, insists the two cases are different. According to the BBC, he warned that France’s banlieues were like a pressure cooker, “ready to explode.”

Even though this new report supports Assa Traoré’s claim that her brother was killed by officers, Bouzrou is not hopeful.

Ultimately, he says, President Macron has supported the Paris prosecutor’s office that first suggested Adama Traoré died because of preexisting conditions.

“For us, this position is political because it comes from Macron,” he said.

As for Assa Traoré and her family, Bouzrou says they won’t feel justice is served for Adama Traoré until people fight for it.

“We have to fight and denounce this judicial scandal,” Bouzrou said.

Millennials in China reexamine their spending habits as economy recovers

Millennials in China reexamine their spending habits as economy recovers

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Rebecca Kanthor

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Visitors hold face masks at the Shanghai Disneyland theme park as it reopens following a shutdown due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, at Shanghai Disney Resort in Shanghai, China May 11, 2020. 

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Aly Song/Reuters

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In China, millennials — defined as anyone born between 1981 and 1996 — have been known to be big spenders. But as the Chinese economy recovers from a coronavirus-induced slowdown, many young people are reexamining their lives and their spending habits.

Wang Aijing, 29, was living the single life in Shanghai, and making a good living working as a fashion journalist. ”I don’t see it’s necessary to save money. Because, for me, like marriage or buying a house — it’s too far away from me,” she said.

Related: Governments work on recovery plans as societies open up 

“Everything was just a mess for me. I realized that I really need to rethink about the whole financial status of myself. And then I realized how much I spend — not very reasonably.”

Wang Aijing, 29

Then the coronavirus outbreak turned everything upside down. Her company downsized, she lost her job, and her plans for the future disappeared. “Everything was just a mess for me. I realized that I really need to rethink about the whole financial status of myself,” she said. “And then I realized how much I spend — not very reasonably.”

She wasn’t alone. A study reported by a Shanghai paper showed that 45% of young people under 30 had experienced a drop in income during the COVID-19 outbreak, more than any other age group.

It was time for a new plan. Last month, she started to save money regularly in her bank account. And she’s changed her shopping habits too: no more buying clothes and makeup.

Related: China sends a new message about centuries-old chopstick tradition

She and her friends started downloading new apps on their phones to sell off secondhand electronics and get group deals. “In the past, we probably would laugh at people who use that, too,” she said. “But now it seems like we discovered its beauty. It’s really bringing cheaper stuff, and it’s okay quality.”

Another poll taken in April showed that more than half of Chinese shoppers under 30 plan to start managing their finances better.

James Roy, an American market analyst in Shanghai, has been paying close attention to young shoppers and people who buy luxuries. He says he’s noticed several shopping trends in post-COVID China. There are revenge shoppers, who did consolation shopping once quarantine ended. There are those who are embracing a simpler life, albeit one marked by fewer but higher quality products. And then there are the bargain hunters, like Aijing.

“Especially this younger group, they’ve been the ones that have been saving the least, you know, they’re big credit card users and have been very avid shoppers,” he said. “I think, in a way, this is a time for some of them where that’s kind of caught up to them.”

Monthly shopping promotions are offering great deals as the government tries to stimulate the economy. And travel restrictions have removed focused spending domestically. 

“You’re not spending that money overseas like when you’re traveling to Hong Kong or to Paris or to Tokyo or Seoul. So, all of that money that they would have been spending abroad is getting spent domestically.”

James Roy, market analyst in Shanghai,

“You’re not spending that money overseas like when you’re traveling to Hong Kong or to Paris or to Tokyo or Seoul,” Roy said. “So, all of that money that they would have been spending abroad is getting spent domestically.”

Related: Shanghai Disneyland reopens — with face masks and social distancing 

Despite these temptations, saving money has actually turned into a new lifestyle for Aijing and others.

She used to grab an expensive latté at an independent coffee shop. Now? She heads to Starbucks for early morning 50%-off deals. She used to meet her friends for brunch at the latest hotspot. Now they choose a restaurant where they can use coupons or points. Sometimes they’ll entertain at home — something they never did before.

She’s found a community of young people just like her in online budgeting groups.  

“It’s interesting to see how they use money, how they save up, how they live the life they feel more meaningful.”

Wang Aijing, 29

“It’s interesting to see how they use money, how they save up, how they live the life they feel more meaningful,” she said. “There are some people saving up money for trips, honeymoon, or their children’s education. There’s always a purpose. I like that. I like saving up money for something that makes your life better.”

The biggest change Aijing is making, though? In a few months, she’ll pack her bags and move back in with her parents in southern Guangxi province — more than 1,000 miles away from her life in Shanghai. She expects to find a job that will pay less than a quarter of the salary she made in Shanghai. But without the temptations of big city life and with no rent and few living expenses, she’ll finally be able to save big.

For many embracing a thrifty lifestyle, it isn’t exactly by choice. But Aijing is feeling positive about it.  

“I feel like although I was paid — OK, I was paid good, but that is at the expense of my life. I just feel like pulling together all the resources that I have makes me feel like I’m smarter than before and it’s a normal thing that everyone does and it is nothing shameful,” she said.

Now that saving has become a habit for her, she has new dreams of what she can achieve, including an apartment for herself and a summer holiday in Italy. The pandemic may have taken Aijing’s job, but it’s also given her a new outlook on life.

A 26-year manhunt for Rwandan genocide fugitive ends

A 26-year manhunt for Rwandan genocide fugitive ends

By
Halima Gikandi

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Dimitrie Sissi Mukanyiligira, a Rwandan genocide survivor looks at a laptop computer with the webpage showing the pictures of the Rwandan genocide fugitive Félicien Kabuga, as she takes part in a Reuters interview in Kigali, Rwanda, May 18, 2020. 

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The 26-year hunt for Félicien Kabuga —  spanning two continents and lasting more than two decades — has finally come to an end. On Saturday morning, French police arrested the now 84-year-old Rwandan genocide fugitive from his apartment in a suburb of Paris.

“Félicien Kabuga has always been one of the most wanted fugitives. … He has always been considered as being one of the masterminds in relation to the genocide.”

 Serge Brammertz,  chief prosecutor, United Nations International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals

“Félicien Kabuga has always been one of the most wanted fugitives,” Serge Brammertz, chief prosecutor of the United Nations International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT), told The World in an interview Monday. “He has always been considered as being one of the masterminds in relation to the genocide.” 

Related: Somali torture victim will face his abuser after 31 years — in US court

In 1997, Kabuga was indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) on seven counts of genocide and related crimes. His alleged role includes financing the 1994 genocide, arming militia groups, and heading a hate-filled radio station, Radio Télévision Mille Collines.

Genocide survivors such as Naphtal Ahishakiye, 46, still remember the words of hate on the radio. “Tutsi is the biggest enemy of Rwanda. Of Hutu. So the radio considered Tutsi as the animals, cockroaches,” he recalled hearing.

Ahishakiye is the executive secretary of Ibuka, a group for genocide survivors. Growing up as a Tutsi, he remembers the day-to-day discrimination by majority Hutu elites beginning long before 1994. 

Related: Syrian officials on trial for war crimes in Germany

After spending 100 days hiding at neighbors’ homes and in the forest, only he and two sisters survived — the rest of his family died, including his parents, brothers and cousins, he said. At least 800,000 people are estimated to have been killed, the majority of them Tutsis.

While the ICTR officially concluded in 2015, ongoing cases were turned over to the IRMCT — now led by Brammertz — and continued to pursue Kabuga. 

“We can never give up looking for those fugitives,” said Brammertz, speaking about the international community. 

Previous attempts to capture Kabuga have failed, most notably a plot by the FBI and Kenyan authorities in 2003, which resulted in the death of an informant in Nairobi. The US has had a $5 million bounty on the fugitive. 

Two years ago, Brammertz established a new task force to track down Kabuga in partnership with European authorities. 

“We start[ed] where we were sure he was seen for the last time, which was in 2007 when he underwent surgery in Germany,” Brammertz said. He and his team began tracing Kabuga’s steps through Belgium and Luxembourg, identifying people who were likely to have helped him hide.

“Based on the analysis, phone profiles, financial information, we concluded two months ago that it was very likely that it was in a specific area in Paris,” Brammertz said.

“We are happy for France to facilitate this process to arrest Kabuga.  … In previous years, France didn’t play a role in this kind of justice.”

Naphtal Ahishakiye, executive secretary, Ibuka group for genocide survivors, Rwanda

“We are happy for France to facilitate this process to arrest Kabuga,” Ahishakiye said. “In previous years, France didn’t play a role in this kind of justice.”

Related: Thousands of ISIS fighters sit in prison. Kurdish leaders call for a special tribunal.

Indeed, the relationship between Rwanda and France has been strained by accusations that France was complicit in the genocide, an accusation it has historically denied. Last year, French President Emmanuel Macron directed a panel of experts to investigate France’s role in the genocide.

According to Brammertz, Kabuga will be transferred to the Mechanism Tribunal in Arusha, Tanzania, or The Hague, depending on travel restrictions that might exist due to the coronavirus pandemic.

When it comes to an actual trial, “it’s more likely that it takes closer to a year,” Brammertz said.

Economist Thomas Piketty: Pandemic exposes the ‘violence of social inequality’

Economist Thomas Piketty: Pandemic exposes the 'violence of social inequality'

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April Peavey

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A protester displays a banner during a left-wing May Day demonstration as the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues in Vienna, May 1, 2020.

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Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

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As the world was recovering from the Great Recession a few years ago, French economist Thomas Piketty’s book on income inequality, “Capital in the Twenty-First Century,” reached No. 1 on The New York Times bestseller list. It catapulted him to near-rock star status. 

His observations are prescient as the global economy sinks into its worst recession and unemployment soars amid the coronavirus pandemic. 

Piketty’s new book, “Capital and Ideology,” which came out in March, examines the history of policies and political systems that have sustained economic inequality and how the world might move toward a fairer economic system. He spoke to The World’s host Marco Werman about the inequalities the pandemic has exposed. 

Related: COVID-19: The latest from The World

Marco Werman: May Day is Friday — it’s about workers and laborers. What does this particular May Day mean to you, as unemployment skyrockets around the world and the ability to work is so fragile during this pandemic? 

Thomas Piketty: Oh, you’re right. This is a very, very strange time. And you know what is crazy to me is, it illustrates really the very large prevalence and, in many ways, the violence of social inequality. 

We see that it doesn’t mean at all the same thing, depending on whether you are locked down in a big house or a nice apartment or whether you are with your family, a very small home — or the homeless people which, nobody really takes care of them properly. And also the existence of saving and wealth and income support allows you to remain in confinement. Whereas, people who have a very flexible labor market status, they have to go and work. This crisis is really illustrating both the violence of inequality and also the need for another economic system. 

Give me an example of one country that is looking soberly at the pandemic and thinking about ways of adjusting that economic inequality. 

I think at this stage, you know, everybody is trying to do something. So, some countries have initiatives like — in Portugal, they decided two weeks ago to have a temporary regularization of illegal migrants so at least they can provide income support for people in the street and access to health facilities and some kind of legal status. Actually, during this time of the pandemic, most of the countries in Europe did not do that. And I think, you know, it would be useful. I can see in the streets of Paris you have lots of homeless people. Far too little has been done with respect to this population. Now, the next step is going to be how do the different countries design the recovery after the crisis? 

Related: As the coronavirus drags on, Mexico’s food prices soar

So, maybe it’s too early to come up with a blanket solution in the pandemic timeline. But let’s take a small piece of the puzzle. In an ideal world, what would you do with those homeless people in Paris that you’ve seen in the new socioeconomic reality? 

Well, I think there are lots of empty apartments and certainly, lots of empty hotels right now because of falling tourism. But, I think in many cases, there is a kind of disillusion that, it’s very complicated, we cannot change the economic system. And my general message is that, yes, it is possible. And I think it would be better to use European monetary policy to invest in real economic sectors like, for instance, the environment; increase bottom wages and middle wages; and [treatment of] health care workers. And then, of course, we’ll also have to renovate our tax system. We need to go in the direction of a progressive tax on largely millionaires and billionaires. And for this, we’ll have to change. And, you know, we are not at this stage yet, but I think we, ideally, we should use this opportunity to think about this kind of perspective. 

So, the pandemic has created many opportunities, and some governments are taking them. The US under Donald Trump has gone its own way. The president seems to believe that he can literally and figuratively wall the US off from the rest of the world. If that position continues, what do you see economically happening to the US following this pandemic whenever it starts to subside? 

You know, as usual, the nationalist response and anti-immigrant response of people like Trump, in the long run, is not going to work. That’s why I’m optimistic in the long run that we will return to a more redistributive, internationalist perspective and policy. The problem is that the long run can be very, very far away. In the immediate future, this kind of very strong nationalist discourse can seem attractive to a number of voters, especially if they don’t see a clear alternative. I think that’s one additional reason to try to develop an alternative discourse about changing the economic system.

This interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity.

Pro athletes find creative ways to train from home during coronavirus

Pro athletes find creative ways to train from home during coronavirus

From makeshift sparing buddies to swimming in a kiddie pool, professional athletes get creative during a time of physical distancing.

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María Elena Romero

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Bianca Hillier

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Alexandra Recchia, five-time karate world champion, trains in the garden of her house near Paris during a lockdown in France aimed at curbing the spread of the novel coronavirus.

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When Alexandra Recchia steps onto the mat, the karate world pays attention. The five-time karate World Champion is chasing her biggest podium yet: winning gold for France at the Tokyo Summer Olympics, now rescheduled to 2021. 

Despite stay-at-home orders due to the coronavirus pandemic, Recchia’s dedication to her sport remains the same. What is entirely different is her training setup at her Paris-area home.

“I am training at home, by myself and without a partner,” Recchia told The World. “My boyfriend doesn’t really love karate. So he built me a kind of [training] partner with a lamp.” 

He filled a flowerpot with pebbles, stuck a standing lamp inside and attached cushions at head and chest height, sturdy enough to be the sparring buddy for a world-class athlete training at home under coronavirus-mandated quarantine.

“Yea, really,” she said. “I [have trained] with that for four weeks. And it is really perfect.”

COVID-19: The latest from The World

Recchia is just one of many professional athletes around the world who have come up with creative ways to continue their training.

Dutch elite distance swimmer Sharon van Rouwendaal, an Olympic gold medalist, has resorted to swimming in an inflatable kiddie pool in her own backyard after she upset local authorities by swimming in a nearby lake. 

“It’s like two meters. So I just fit in. And I have an elastic resistance band and then I put that to a tree,” she told The World. “And then actually, I stay in one place, in the pool. So I can swim for one hour, nonstop, going nowhere.”

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There’s always a solution, you just have to be creative! 🙈🥶 I could only do 45 minutes in total because the water is very cold… • #stayactive #becreative #openwater #swimming #wetsuit #coldwater #littlepool • To use this video in a commercial player or in broadcasts, please email [email protected]

A post shared by Sharon van Rouwendaal (@svrouwendaal) on Mar 28, 2020 at 8:54am PDT

Other athletes, like American figure skater Jason Brown, have been sharing fun training tips on social media that non-pro athletes can incorporate into their daily exercise routines.

Brown recently demonstrated how to jump the rope while wearing ice skates, and Norwegian wrestler Stig-André Berge replaced weights with his child during a push-up session

Of course, professional athletes follow stricter regimens than regular gym-goers, since they are aiming to break a record or win gold. But when it comes to keeping up with exercise during at a time of physical distancing, Recchia says everyone is battling the same obstacle: maintaining their motivation.

Alexandra Recchia trains in the garden of her house near Paris during a lockdown in France.

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Franck Fife/AFP via Getty Images

  
“The difficulty is to stay motivated,” Recchia said. “It is so very important to stay in good health. And we cannot stay in good health if we stay on the sofa.”

To get off the sofa, Recchia suggests enlisting quarantine partners or finding virtual training partners to break a sweat without leaving home.

“If you are alone, please, go on Instagram, go on Facebook, and you can see everyday influencers give advice and motivate you to do some sports,” Recchia said. “Move your body and move your mind!”

How researchers hope to restore the unique sound of Notre Dame

How researchers hope to restore the unique sound of Notre Dame

An acoustic map of Notre Dame made before the fire could inform its reconstruction. 

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Emma Jacobs

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People listen to Notre Dame Cathedral’s great bell ringing — a mark of the building’s resilience one year after a devastating fire — during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in France, April 15, 2020. 

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Gonzalo Fuentes/Reuters

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Vincent Dubois, one of Notre Dame’s three official organists, was in Strasbourg when he learned that the cathedral in Paris had caught fire one year ago. 

Related: No sign of arson in Notre-Dame blaze as nation grieves

“It’s like one of the closest members of your family, your husband or your partner, or your brother or sister, was burning beside you,” he recalled, “and there was nothing you could do.” He and his fellow organists assumed that the instrument — parts of which date to the 18th century — was lost. He learned it had survived by text message at around 6 a.m. the next morning. 

The French government, which owns the cathedral, has pledged to reconstruct it. But Notre Dame was not just a landmark building; it was a concert hall with a unique sound, even among cathedrals, according to Dubois.

Related: Notre-Dame remembered as a gathering point for The World

“The resonance is unlike anywhere else. It’s both precise while at the same time, lasting in the way the sound reverberates,” Dubois said. 

Acoustics researcher Brian Katz could hear that difference when he was able to enter Notre Dame last July. Sunlight streamed through the now open roof. 

“The fact that there’s these holes in the roof, the reverberation time has dropped significantly, so you don’t feel like you’re walking into a cathedral acoustically anymore,” he said.

But Katz has an acoustic map of Notre Dame that was made by his research team at the National Center for Scientific Research at the Sorbonne University in Paris. After the fire last April, he realized these sound measurements could inform Notre Dame’s reconstruction. 

“The measurements that we did in 2013 were after [a] concert that we recorded. So it was, I think between 10 o’clock and midnight, or maybe one o’clock in the morning. … There were about 10 of us, moving microphones around.”

Brian Katz, acoustic researcher, National Center for Scientific Research

“The measurements that we did in 2013 were after [a] concert that we recorded. So, it was, I think between 10 o’clock and midnight, or maybe 1 o’clock in the morning,” Katz explained. There were about 10 of us moving microphones around.” 

These measurements helped Katz and his team document how sound is transformed within the cathedral. Later analysis of the recordings allowed them to create a computer model of the cathedral’s acoustic landscape. 

Together with a set of recordings the same lab made in the 1980s, these are the only measurements of the cathedral’s acoustics taken before the fire. 

Intended as a proof of concept, Katz’s team used the recordings to create a virtual reality simulation that lets the user hear how the music of a concert is transformed while flying around Notre Dame on a magic carpet. 

“It was not planned to be as important as it was — as it has turned out to be,” Katz said. 

All cathedrals have lots of big, flat, reflective surfaces and even small modifications can change the resonance of the space, Katz said — it’s like changing a painting or cleaning the stone. 

“Acoustics is an effect of the choices of all the other disciplines … the structural engineers and the stonemasons and the architectural finishes. All those choices of details are what creates the acoustics of a space,” Katz said. 

With the measurements and the type of modeling software used to design concert halls, Katz hopes he can guide all the necessary choices in the restoration of Notre Dame that can add up to something that sounds like its original state. 

“The earlier … acoustics is thought of and considered … the more integrated it can be in the design,” Katz said, “and important decisions can be made at the right time as opposed to later in the project, when it’s more difficult to change things.

Katz’s team planned to take new measurements in the cathedral this spring with help from a robot to reach areas off-limits because of safety concerns. That trip got postponed when Paris shut down the site as part of the measures to counter the spread of the new coronavirus. 

Even when the multiyear restoration effort is eventually completed, organist Dubois thinks it will take a few more years for Notre Dame to sound like it once did. 

“It’s also the dust of the space, simply put. It’s a place in which there is so much foot traffic. There are many candles to be burned, so lots of soot, of which a little bit ends up all over everything.” 

The only thing that can restore that, he thinks, is time — a short time, really, in the life of the centuries-old cathedral. 

Doja Cat – Streets Lyrics

Play this song

[Intro]
[?]
Bla-a-aq Tuxedo
Down-down on the, down-down on the beat

[Chorus]
Like you
Like you
Like you
Ooh
I found it hard to find someone like you
Like you
Like you
Like you
Send your location, come through
I can’t sleep no more
In my head, we belong
And I can’t be without you
I can’t, I find no one like you
I can’t sleep no more
In my head, we belong
And I can’t be without you
I can’t, I find no one like you

[Verse 1]
Baby, we tried to fight it
We all been there some days
Thought I need something else
And acted like I was okay
We just had to work it out
And baby I needed space
Ain’t nobody wrong here
You live on yours so far away

[Bridge]
You pulled me heart out
I’m nothing like a [?]
You held me so down
So down I never grew (Oh)
And tried to find out
And none of them came through
And now I’m stuck in the middle
And baby had pull me out

[Chorus]
Like you
Like you
Like you
Ooh
I found it hard to find someone like you
Like you
Like you
Like you
Send your location, come through

[Verse 2]
Yeah, damn papa, you a rare weed
No comparing
And it’s motherfucking scary
Tryna keep him ’cause I found him
Let a ho know
I ain’t motherfucking sharing
I could take you to the parents
Then to Paris
Plan a motherfucking wedding
You the type I wanna marry (Yeah)
And keep you married
I put a ring on when you ready
We play our fantasies out in real life ways and
No Final Fantasy, can we end these games tho
You give me energy, make me feel lightweight
Like the birds of a feather, baby we real life made for each other
And it’s hard to keep my cool
When other bitches tryna get with my dude and
When other chickens tryna get in my coop
‘Cause you’re a one in a million, there ain’t no man like you

[Chorus]
Like you
Like you
Like you
Ooh
I found it hard to find someone like you
Like you
Like you
Like you
Send your location, come through
I can’t sleep no more
In my head, we belong
And I can’t be without you
I can’t, I find no one like you
I can’t sleep no more
In my head, we belong
And I can’t be without you
I can’t, I find no one like you

Frank Ocean – DHL Lyrics

Play this song

[Intro]
Love that I, love that I give
That is not all that I give up
Uh, uh-huh
Love that I, love that I give
Uh-huh, uh-huh, huh
That is not all that I give up

[Verse 1]
Look at them shakes, uh-huh
Made up a dance
How come you shook?
But I ain’t took out my hands
Beans, Starbucks, starstruck
Bitch comin’ soon, yeah, that’s ’cause you suck, yeah
(Suck me off, suck me off, suck me off
Suck me off, suck me off, suck me off)
That’s comin’ soon, yeah (Suck my dick, huh)
I’m in my bag
I’m in my bag, stay on alert
I’m going on-stage, ’cause all of my chains diving deep off
Findin’ the key, put it in, Kawasaki
Totin’ that Amazon (Amazon)
Shit like 6’5″ (Shit like 6’5″)
Take back, rewind, now I rewind
Ooh, ooh, baby be mine (Baby be mine)
Ooh, ooh, baby be mine

[Chorus]
Got a pack, came from DHL
Just got up with a pack
Got a pack, came from DHL
Just got up like a pill
Got a pack, fuckin’ with Saturday night chill
Just got up off of on a pack (I got a pack)
Yeah, yeah, yeah yeah
I got a pack, came from DHL
I got a shot at the pill
I got a pack, came from DHL
Just got up on a pill
Count it up

[Verse 2]
Niggas think it’s new, it ain’t new, boy
Old files just turned two, yeah, flu, yeah
Still sound like it’s comin’ soon, comin’ soon, yeah
Still sound like it’s comin’ soon, tell the truth
Boy toy suck me like a Hoover, like a Hoover
Boy toy ride me like a Uber, like the Uber
Smiley face, factory casing, ain’t buss it down, yeah
I laugh and I forgave it, violations, ain’t seen ’em around, yeah
Could test it, wavy pool, sit behind the pool
I’m tellin’ the truth, bro
Remind me of trade, brushin’ his waves
Shit look like ramen noodles
Fuck, this shit sound like it’s comin’ soon, comin’ soon, bro
And it still sound like it’s comin’ soon, comin’ soon
New files sittin’ on my drive, nothin’ new, yeah
New vibes and I can’t get down, what you do, yeah
New vibes, really can’t get down to the pool, yeah
New gliss sittin’ on the cyst, on my wrist, yeah
New bitch ridin’ on my dick like a kick, yeah
All in the day and I paid for the studio rate, instead of the rent, yeah
Now I can hang in this bitch every day waitin’ for some inspiration to hit me
Look like I’m dressed for a hike but I really look like I’m in Paris and shit, yeah
Look like I’m dressed for a camp ’cause I’m pitchin’ up that, like I’m pitchin’ a tent, yeah
This ain’t no fuckin’ hopes and dreams, prophecy
All these sleeve wafers and the coffee bean
Roman numerals, niggas wanna buy me, we exposed
Double D’s exposed, throw some beats
Fuckin’ these hoes, leave, now my fuckin’ floor stores
Move me slow, yes
Roofie tea, ice ecstasy, rollin’
You seen my bag, it’s swollen, I want more, I can’t even fold it
I drop you a pin like I’m bowling
You want it so now you my opponent
Breakfast and dinner is plenty, we spend all that time alone, alone
Watchin’ the clouds roll, woah

[Chorus]
I got a pack, came from the DHL
Just got up with a pack
I got a pack, came from the DHL
Just got up with a pack
I got a pack, oh, a pack, yeah
Just got up with a pack
I got a pack, oh, DHL
Just got up on a pill
There it is woo
I got a pack, came from the DHL
Just got up with a pack
I got a pack, came out with DHL
Chick just came up with a pack
I got a pack, came out with DHL
Chick just got up with a pack
I got a pack, over at DHL
Chick just got up with a pack

[Outro]
Independent jug, sellin’ records out the trunk
I’m already rich as fuck so the products in the front
Got my partner in the front, been my BF for a month
But we been fuckin’ from the jump

G-Eazy – Hittin Licks Lyrics

Play this song

[Intro]
Yeah (It’s time for the ninety-nine)
Ayy, yeah

[Chorus]
One of one, ain’t no one like me
One of one, ain’t no one like you
Yeah, we the shit together
Let’s go around the world hittin’ licks together, yeah
One of one ain’t no one like us
Why the fuck you think they don’t like us?
Ay, we the shit together
Let’s go around the world hittin’ licks together (Uh)

[Verse 1]
You my bitch forever
I wanna mob with you, hittin’ licks together
Through thick and thin we stick together
Let’s run a threesome, hit a bitch together, yeah
But honestly, we’re enough together
Let’s move to Paris and be rich forever
Then maybe go half on some kids together
Settle down in Florence, baby, it’s whatever, yeah
Wintertime we can switch the furs
40K a piece, cop his and hers
Vicuña plus got the Birkin purse
Scenic route in the ‘Rari while the engine purrs

[Pre-Chorus]
Uh, you make the boy calm down
I just want to hear you sing this song out loud
Uh, and she loyal to the core
I’m worried about her, I ain’t worried ’bout yours

[Chorus]
One of one, ain’t no one like me
One of one, ain’t no one like you
Yeah, we the shit together
Let’s go around the world hittin’ licks together, yeah
One of one ain’t no one like us
Why the fuck you think they don’t like us?
Ay, we the shit together
Let’s go around the world hittin’ licks together

[Verse 2]
Bonnie and Clyde, no reason to switch
Ready to die, it’s just me and my bitch
We out to Dubai when the seasons switch
Left some girls in the past, I ain’t seen ’em since
Call from the plane as it takes off for you
Came to see you, took some days off for you
One life to live, I would die for you
Whatever you ask, you know I would supply for you
Rolex, Chanel clutch I buy for you
Cartier nail bracelet ’cause I adore you
Answer whenever you call, I won’t ignore you
2000 roses Venus ET Fleur, yeah, I’ll spoil you

[Pre-Chorus]
Uh, you make the boy calm down
I just want to hear you sing this song out loud
Yeah, and she loyal to the core
Worried about her, I ain’t worried ’bout yours

[Chorus]
One of one, ain’t no one like me
One of one, ain’t no one like you
Yeah, we the shit together
Let’s go around the world hittin’ licks together, yeah
One of one ain’t no one like us
Why the fuck you think they don’t like us?
Ay, we the shit together
Let’s go around the world hittin’ licks together

Ruth B. – Sycamore Tree Lyrics

Play this song

[Verse 1]
I don’t trust a lot, but I think I trust you
I keep to myself, but I’m crazy as well
And I know I don’t know a lot about you
And you know you don’t know a lot about me
But, I’ll give you my time if you give me your mind

You feel so brand new, like I’ve never felt this before
I thought I found love, but I’m always left wanting more
And I know it’s not easy opening up
But when I’m with you I can’t enough
So, I’ll give you my mind if you give me your time

[Chorus]
So can we skip the small talk and go straight to our dreams?
Tell me ’bout your family and all your greatest fears
I want your ideas on how you plan to save the world
So meet me when the sun’s out we talk all about you and me
Take a right on Front Street, I’ll be underneath the sycamore tree

[Verse 2]
Come explore my thoughts, that I don’t let most people see
Then I’ll dive into your heart, to find out what makes it beat
Just a little faster when you’re alone
Tell me ’bout the things that make you feel
So, good in your soul then I’ll give you my own

[Chorus]
So can we skip the small talk and go straight to our dreams?
Tell me about your family and all your greatest fears
I want your ideas on how you plan to save the world
So meet me when the sun’s out, we can talk all about you and me
Take a right on Front Street, I’ll be underneath the sycamore tree

[Bridge]
You want to go to Paris, I want to go to space
You like the way I kiss you, I see it on your face
You know my favorite color, I know you don’t have one
Time stops when we’re together

[Chorus]
So can we skip the small talk and go straight to our dreams?
Tell me about your family and all your greatest fears
I want your ideas on how you plan to save the world
So meet me when the sun’s out, we can talk all about you and me
Take a right on Front Street, I’ll be underneath the sycamore tree

Ace Hood – In My Bag Lyrics

[Intro]
Ay dios mios!
Body Bag (Bag)
Oh yeah, nigga (Uh)
I wanna take off
Uh

[Verse: Ace Hood]
Raise up my levels, I’m doing it
I bought some Balenci’s and ruined them
That shit on the dash, I’m doing it
The vision aligned, I’m doing it
My Queen on her shit and she doing it
Want it, she on it, pursuing it
I’m with the kids then I’m in the gym, then I’m in the studio doing it
Miss me with all the confusion, I leave it all in the music
You niggas square as a rubix, I’m in a pair of the newest
I’m out in Paris, I’m doing it
Under influence, I’m wooing it
I hear your music, I’m booing it
You lay a finger, I’m queuing it
I let her pull on the roots, I wanna feel on her roots
So much shit I’d do, let that freon loose
You got that peon juice
Neon whip, on coupe
Talk my shit, I bought a new stick
I ain’t even planning on shooting up shit
No way could change, memory lane
I’m in the parks where my enemies hang
Fuck it I’m loose, don’t be a goof
This nigga going too dumb in the booth
I got that pressure, applying it too
I been that nigga since Daisy Duke’s
I hit that button, now where’s the roof?
Speaking of GOAT, nigga here’s the proof
Heard they was talking, he signed to who?
I’m in the suit for the randevu
Caught in the moment, I’m trying to groove
Militant minded, you know how I move
I’m in the space of the manifest, ain’t got no time for the internet
I got the slightest of one regret
I should of worked with that nigga X (XX Live Long)
Bless souls, live long
Still here writing my wrongs
Plenty hits in my phone
Push to start and I’m gone
Revving the engine, it’s heavy
Rollie and ring, I’m petty
Caking this shit like a Deli
Whipping this bitch like a Deli
Body!
Bag

Lil Tracy – I Could Fuck All My Exes Lyrics

Yeah
Yuh, yuh

I could fuck all of my exes, yuh
I could fuck all of their best friends
I can fuck all of my exes
I can fuck all of their best friends
Niggas jealous on my necklace
Tryna message all my exes
I’m just tryna get a Lexus
So I’m flexin’ n’ finessin’
Flexin’ n’ finessin’, yah
I can fuck all of my exes

My main bitch too precious
Lil mama, ain’t dressin’
I’m leavin’ my pants, yuh
Pants ’em from Paris, yuh
Girl [?] she’s parents
She said she like what I’m wearin’
Used to be a little nigga, yuh
Tracy got a lot bigger, yuh
Fuck niggas, I switched up, ay
Don’t be mad, if I don’t pick up, yeah

I’m prolly on the road, yeah
You’re prolly a hoe, yeah
I’m choosin’ all my hoe, ay
I’m choosin’ all my old hoe

I can fuck all of my exes, yuh
I could fuck all of their best friends
But I learned my lesson
My new bitch Cinderella
Think she forbidden as rella
You smoking girls more better, yuh
Glocks in the [?]
Niggas think they clever

I can fuck all of my exes
I can all of their best friends
Niggas jealous on my necklace
Tryna message all my exes
I’m just tryna get a Lexus
So I’m flexin’ n’ finessin’
Tryna pull up in a Lexus, yuh
That’s why you know that I’m flexin’
Black in the day you was flexin’, ay
Now I’m ignoring your texts, yah
If I bring to this mansion
Girl will be your ex bitch, yah
I could fuck all of my exes, yuh
But I live in the present, yuh

Yung Bans – In My Underwear Lyrics

[Intro: Baka]
Murda on the beat so it’s not nice

[Chorus]
Yeah, slidin’ down yo block, big Glock in my underwear
Police pull me over right now, I’m gon’ get the chair
This a dirty game, if you gon’ play, you gotta stay aware
Niggas doin’ all that talkin’, ain’t no action, how I know you scared
Takin’ trips, private jet, fly the goons to Paris
All this damn… damn designer I don’t even wear it
Came straight out the jungle, lions, tigers, bears, I ain’t scared
My aura different, just somethin’ ’bout me, niggas can’t compare

[Verse 1]
Ayy, yeah, niggas be singin’ like PnB Rock
Yellow duct tape, we don’t need no chalk
Put holes in a nigga, look like Crocs
Bird gang shit, all the birds gon’ flock
Be with them eagles, a couple of hawks
My niggas deceivin’ like fuck what you thought
Ain’t sparin’ these niggas, I’m takin’ ’em all
No love for a bitch, I just bust in her jaw
Fuck that bitch so good I can cheat, she ain’t gon’ go nowhere
Try to snatch these chains, you gon’ die, nigga, I double dare
Popped too many Percs like it’s J, I don’t do no heroin
My heart in the streets ’til I die like we fuckin’ married
I know these broke ass niggas can’t stand me (Ooh, they can’t stand me)
I got a stick, that bitch come in handy (Come in, come in handy)
I’m so hot, don’t know how I’m landin’ (Don’t know how I’m landing)
Before you judge, try to understand me

[Chorus]
Yeah, slidin’ down yo block, big Glock in my underwear
Police pull me over right now, I’m gon’ get the chair
This a dirty game, if you gon’ play, you gotta stay aware
Niggas doin’ all that talkin’, ain’t no action, how I know you scared
Takin’ trips, private jet, fly the goons to Paris
All this damn… damn designer I don’t even wear it
Came straight out the jungle, lions, tigers, bears, I ain’t scared
My aura different, just somethin’ ’bout me, niggas can’t compare

Little Mix – Only You (Acoustic) Lyrics

[Verse 1: Perrie]
Dancing with your silhouette in the places that we met
Ooh, tryna find you in the moon
Paris never feels the same, when the streets all call your name
Ooh, so I hide in crowded rooms

[Pre-Chorus: Leigh-Anne]
And I’ll follow right down the river
Where the ocean meets the sky
To you, to you

[Chorus: Jade]
Once upon a time, we had it all
Somewhere down the line we went and lost it
One brick at a time we watched it fall
I’m broken here tonight and darling, no one else can fix me
Only you, only you
And no one else can fix me, only you
Only you, only you
And no one else can fix me, only you, oh

[Post-Chorus: Jade]
Oh, no one else can fix me, only you
(Only you)
Oh, no one else can fix me, only you

[Verse 2: Jesy & Trevor]
Did I let go of your hand for a castle made of sand?
Ooh, that fell into the blue
I went following the sun to be alone with everyone
Ooh, looking ’round a crowded room

[Pre-Chorus: Leigh-Anne & Trevor]
And I’ll follow right down the river
Where the ocean meets the sky
To you, to you

[Chorus: Little Mix & Trevor]
Once upon a time, we had it all (We had it all, mmm)
Somewhere down the line we went and lost it (We went and lost it)
One brick at a time we watched it fall (Fall)
I’m broken here tonight and darling, no one else can fix me
Only you, only you (Yeah)
And no one else can fix me, only you (on-ly you, yeah)
Only you, (Nobody else), only you (Oh, oh)
And no one else can fix me, only you (aw)
And no one else can fix me, only you
(Only you)
And no one else can fix me, only you

[Chorus: Trevor, {Little Mix}, (Perrie)]
{Only you}, only you, {only you}, only you
{And no one else can fix me, only you} (Only you, oh)
{Only you}, only you, {only you}, only you
{And no one else can fix me, only you}

5 Seconds of Summer – Killer Queen Lyrics

[Intro]
She’s a Killer Queen
Gunpowder, gelatine
Dynamite with a laser beam

[Verse 1]
She keeps Moët et Chandon
In her pretty cabinet
‘Let them eat cake,’ she says
Just like Marie Antoinette
A built-in remedy
For Khrushchev and Kennedy
At anytime an invitation
You can’t decline

Caviar and cigarettes
Well versed in etiquette
Extraordinarily nice

[Chorus]
She’s a Killer Queen
Gunpowder, gelatine
Dynamite with a laser beam
Guaranteed to blow your mind
Anytime

Recommended at the price
Insatiable an appetite
Wanna try?

[Instrumental Break]

[Verse 3]
To avoid complications
She never kept the same address
In conversation
She spoke just like a baroness
Met a man from China
Went down to Geisha Minah
Then again incidentally
If you’re that way inclined

Perfume came naturally from Paris
For cars she couldn’t care less
Fastidious and precise

[Chorus]
She’s a Killer Queen
Gunpowder, gelatine
Dynamite with a laser beam
Guaranteed to blow your mind
Anytime

[Instrumental Break]

[Bridge]
Drop of a hat she’s as willing as
Playful as a pussy cat
Then momentarily out of action
Temporarily out of gas
To absolutely drive you wild, wild
She’s all out to get you

[Chorus]
She’s a Killer Queen
Gunpowder, gelatine
Dynamite with a laser beam
Guaranteed to blow your mind
Anytime

Recommended at the price
Insatiable an appetite
Wanna try?
You wanna try

Kevin Gates – I Got U Lyrics

[Chorus: Kevin Gates]
Do you feel
This here
In your ear
Dick up here
In your ribs
On the real
From the real
In the mirror
I’m him
Don’t trip
I got you
I got you
I got me
Just get you
Selfish, it’s not true
I’mma show you how I can do
Throw it back when you rock the move
Reason why I probably rock with you
I got me
I got you
On the real
Do you feel
This here
In your ear
Dick up here
In your ribs
On the real
From the real

[Verse 1: Kevin Gates]
Dirty dollar getter
On the phone with one of my hittas
Drop the bands
Pots and pans
In the kitchen, bagin up sand
I’m not carin’
One of my mans
He owed me 100 bands
Say no names
[?]
Push one button your feet the air
All for me to sit back in this chair
I’m hands on I’m everywhere
[?]
Cold sport but Life ain’t fair
Go back platinum one more time
After that its
Say she love me okay yeah
Let me rip and go somewhere
Step out dressed in sweatsuit dapper
They might say I’m [?]
In the slums you never there
Paid protection, you meant protection
Big old weapon bottle [?]
From the projects we in Paris
[?]
Sipping fanta out a can

[Chorus: Kevin Gates]
Do you feel
This here
In your ear
Dick up here
In your ribs
On the real
From the real
In the mirror
I’m him
Don’t trip
I got you
I got you
I got me
Just get you
Selfish, it’s not true
I’mma show you how I can do
Throw it back when you rock the move
Reason why I don’t prolly rock with you
I got me
I got you
On the real
Do you feel
This here
In your ear
Dick up here
In your ribs
On the real
From the real

[Verse 2: Kevin Gates]
Screeching macking bouncing
Big old booty bouncing
I’m pouring up two ounces
This shit flow like a fountain
This shit tall like a mountain
We in here money counting
Sometimes its so astounding
Blowing this loud we lounging
Fix your face stop pouting
Bae I’mma take you shopping
I told you stop [?]
GPS re-routing
When [?]
You better not get to shouting
I’ll show you I’m really about it
Don’t make no scene in public
[?]
Get in this room, get full of this liquor, same one I dick you down in
[?] making that face I’m pounding
Making that face you [?]

[Chorus: Kevin Gates]
Do you feel
This here
In your ear
Dick up here
In your ribs
On the real
From the real
In the mirror
I’m him
Don’t trip
I got you
I got you
I got me
Just get you
Selfish, it’s not true
I’mma show you how I can do
Throw it back when you rock the move
Reason why I don’t prolly rock with you
I got me
I got you
On the real
Do you feel
This here
In your ear
Dick up here
In your ribs
On the real
From the real

Aminé – DR. WHOEVER Lyrics

[Intro: Rickey Thompson]
Sad on your muthafuckin b-day? Bitch, what the fuck?! Don’t you realize you poppin’? Every time you walk in the room you break necks. Necks?! But you tellin’ me you sad on your muthafuckin’ b-day
Yeah
Yeah

[Verse 1: Aminé]
Yeah
I sit here and tell you my problems
That’s how this work, right?
I’m s’posed to be open and honest
But I got time, right?
My niggas having sessions and I’m doin’ sessions
Can’t man up if masculinity your only weapon
Man, I’ve thought about suicide a hundred times
But, I’d hate to disappoint and see my momma cry
Birthdays these days be the worst days
‘Cause I know I’m getting older and not happier
Me and my father love each other but we barely show it
He hates that I left home and the lawn is now his to mow it
He look at my generation and think that fashion’s over
I kill my sister if she ever model Fashion Nova (true)
I’m always on a flight, or I’m in a hurry
I miss when losing my virginity was my only worry
Back when putting on a condom had me really scary
And milkshakes were the only time we’d eat a cherry
I think learning how to eat pussy from someone who eat pussy
Is better than learning from someone who doesn’t
And that’s word to my ex
And that’s word to my tongue
And that’s word to the woman who had my heart beatin’ drums
Yeah
Love is what I cherished and Miss Parrish
Flew all the way to Paris and we made out on my terrace
I kept it on the low low, cause I was in love
And the shade I had in my room was already enough
I’m going on some dates and I’m making some plans
But it’s hard to find some love if the girl is a fan
And after we fuck, she want a picture with me
She got me feeling like Paper Boi, but I cry when she leaves

[Chorus: Aminé]
These intros ain’t meant to be bangers
They meant for you and me so we’ll never end up as strangers
Will Ferrell’s ass can’t even handle this weather
Tune in your speakers and please be my Dr. Whoever
I said, I said
These intros ain’t meant to be bangers
They meant for you and me so we’ll never end up as strangers
Will Ferrell’s ass can’t even handle this weather
Tune in your speakers and please be my Dr. Whoever

[Interlude]
Yeah, uh-huh, uh-huh, woo
Yes sir, yeah, look

[Verse 2: Aminé]
Boy, you looking big mad
When you see a young brotha up in first class
And you damn right my ego like Lavar ball
And they hate to see a black man who can’t get blackballed
I said my paper long
My paper long
You damn right, bitch
My paper long
It’s that yellow, mellow, fellow
Yeah, that Yellowstone
Play the cello for the fellows, fake as silicone
I went from plaque in my teeth
To having plaques on the wall
Gold album, with platinum records who woulda thought
Young nigga, like Jigga
Tryna make me a boss
I’ll take my momma to Louis
And take your girl to the Ross nigga
Back in the muthafuckin’ building
Your boo thing want my children
My net worth gon’ be a billion
Shorty gimme head like ceiling
Dick disappear chameleon
And like I’m muthafuckin rollin [?]
My whip bought, it’s not stolen

[Chorus: Aminé]
These intros ain’t meant to be bangers
They meant for you and me so we’ll never end up as strangers
Will Ferrell’s ass can’t even handle this weather
Tune in your speakers and please be my Dr. Whoever

[Verse 3: Aminé]
Hey doc, do I tell em how I actually feel?
Or do I see a therapist and numb the pain with the pills
They swear niggas play tough won’t even smile in mirrors
And we learn to fuck hoes off trial and error
Friday nights, where them broke niggas ball out
And Amine be the name that your girlfriend gon call out
To all my niggas with some melanin
Let your feelings settle in
If you feelin’ worthless you should probably go and tell a friend, yeah
But, I should take that advice
This year has been crazy
What the fuck is my life
My best friend got married
You can bet that I cried
I met Spike and Brad Pitt, no malls I’m Saks Fifth, nigga

[Outro: Rickey Thompson]
Get your shit together and turn the fuck up!

Nicki Minaj – Hard White lyrics

[Chorus]
Work hard, just to get half back
Used to work hard, just to get half back
Now I’m gettin’ to it that way
(Straight up, straight up)
I ain’t coming through unless the bag straight
I used to work hard just to get half back
Used to work hard, just to get half back

[Verse 1]
Ayo, just last week I told ’em to pick a side
I bust shots, don’t duck if it don’t apply
Bae out in Paris, he told me to pick a ride
Sike, made you look, I still didn’t pick a guy
I’m the trophy of the game, everybody tryna win me
Me, Olivier, Jourdan Dunn, my baby, Winnie
Partying in Paris, these bitches is embarassed
‘Cause they know I’m the queen, I still didn’t pick an heiress
Mirror, mirror, who’s the fairest?
You the motherfucking fairest, Nicki
What I drop on this watch?
I don’t know, about a hundred-fifty
I’m who they wishin’ to be
These hoes is on the ‘Gram, Nicki pitchin’ the ki’
‘Bout to cop Neverland, Michael up in the tree
You got bars and still broke? You might as well took the plea, uh
Be in the bando or would you rather move weight, Don Pablo? Uh

[Chorus]
Work hard, just to get half back
Used to work hard, just to get half back
Now I’m gettin’ to it that way
(Straight up, straight up)
I ain’t coming through unless the bag straight
I used to work hard just to get half back
Used to work hard, just to get half back

[Verse 2]
Ayo, just last week I told ’em they run done
My legacy could never be undone
I’m a prodigy, R.I.P Thun-Thun
Got these bitches shook, they shocked, no stun-gun
I’m the billy, billy goat, the goat, the goat’s here
Vintage Hermès by Jean Paul Gaultier
Lagerfeld customize my gold chair
I run the point, you bitches just go cheer
Uh, look at my knockoffs, I told ’em knock it off
Anything that Nicki do, you know they knock it off
Put my crown on again, and I’ma knock it off
Anything with Nicki in it, they gonna pocket off
I mean profit off, my plug drop it off
You see them copyin’ my hair, tell ’em, “Chop it off!”
Uh, bad gyal with the, top is off
You nuh see him downgrade when mi drop ’em off
Uh, I ain’t never played a hoe position
I ain’t ever have to strip to get the pole position
Hoes is dissin’? Okay, these hoes is wishin’
You’re in no position to come for O’s position
I ain’t movin’ weight, but I’m in the dope position
I ain’t movin’ weight, but I’m in the dope position

[Chorus]
Work hard, just to get half back
Used to work hard, just to get half back
Now I’m gettin’ to it that way
(Straight up, straight up)
I ain’t coming through unless the bag straight
I used to work hard just to get half back
Used to work hard, just to get half back

[Outro]
W-w-w-w-w-work hard
W-w-w-w-w-work hard
J-j-just last week, I told ’em to pick a side
I-I-I bust shots, don’t duck if they don’t apply

NEEDTOBREATHE – Darling lyrics

[Chorus]
Darling, won’t you talk with me for a little while?
We ain’t got nowhere to be, oh and I’ve come so many miles
Darlin’, won’t you talk with me for a little while?
Or at least until the baby cries or we both fall asleep

[Verse 1]
Oh I’ve been gone for so long
I’m tired of seeing these things on my own
I don’t wanna do this alone
I don’t need New York or Paris or Rome
O don’t wanna be on these screens
I don’t care about all these places or things
I just wanna be there with you
The only thing that carries me through

[Chorus]
Darling, won’t you talk to me for a little while?
We ain’t got nowhere to be, oh and I’ve come so many miles
Darlin’, won’t you talk to me for a little while?
Or at least until the baby cries or we both fall asleep

[Verse 2]
Oh and I know it’s hard to be home
Tryin’ to take care of a house on your own
I know that I’m supposed to be gone
Well maybe that’s true, but it feels like it’s wrong
I spend all these great nights alone
With strangers and vagrants that I’ll never know
I just wanna be there with you
The only one that carries me through

[Chorus]
Darling, won’t you talk to me for a little while?
We ain’t got nowhere to be, oh and I’ve come so many miles
Darlin’, won’t you talk to me for a little while?
Or at least until the baby cries or we both fall asleep

[Chorus]
Darling, won’t you talk to me for a little while?
We ain’t got nowhere to be, oh and I’ve come so many miles
Darlin’, won’t you talk to me for a little while?
Or at least until the baby cries or we both fall asleep

Tove Lo – ​9th of october lyrics

[Verse 1]
We never had coffee table books or dinner parties
We always had hazy nights and sex cliché’s in Paris
Don’t disturb on the top floor
Getting high by the window
In bed with your eyes locked into mine
How perfect was it?

[Chorus]
9th of October, I’ll always remember
No bad things had happened then
Honestly, you never thought you’d fall for me
But somehow you got pulled in
Livin’ so fast, makin’ memories last
‘Til our hearts couldn’t hold no more
Hear you explodin’ while I am implodin’
Now, how did we let this go?

[Post-Chorus]
We never had, ah
We never wanted, ah
We never had, ah
We never wanted
A normal kind of love

[Verse 2]
We never had time for useless fights
‘Bout dirty laundry
We always had tender, long goodbyes
Packed bags and hurry
Our last kiss at the bus stop
Had I known, would’ve jumped off
And now from the pieces of my heart, I’m so sorry

[Chorus]
9th of October, I’ll always remember
No bad things had happened then
Honestly, you never thought you’d fall for me
But somehow you got pulled in
Livin’ so fast, makin’ memories last
‘Til our hearts couldn’t hold no more
Hear you explodin’ while I am implodin’
Now, how did we let this go?

[Post-Chorus]
We never had, ah
We never wanted, ah
We never had, ah
We never wanted
A normal kind of love

[Refrain]
Waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
(We never wanted)
Waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
Still waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
We never wanted a normal kind of love

[Bridge]
9th of October, I always remember
9th of October, I always remember
Those big words, I said them first
9th of October, I always remember
9th of October, can’t think of it sober
‘Cause all of it fuckin’ hurts

[Refrain]
Waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
(We never wanted)
Waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
Still waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
We never wanted a normal kind of love
Oh, waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
(We never wanted)
Waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
Still waitin’ for my heart, waitin’ for my heart
We never wanted a normal kind of love

Charles Trenet – Nationale 7 lyrics

[Intro]
De toutes les routes de France d’Europe
Celle que j’préfère est celle qui conduit
En auto ou en auto-stop
Vers les rivages du Midi

[Verse 1]
Nationale 7
Il faut la prendre qu’on aille à Rome à Sète
Que l’on soit deux trois quatre cinq six ou sept
C’est une route qui fait recette

[Verse 2]
Route des vacances
Qui traverse la Bourgogne et la Provence
Qui fait d’ Paris un p’tit faubourg d’Valence
Et la banlieue d’Saint-Paul-de-Vence

[Bridge]
Le ciel d’été
Remplit nos cœurs d’sa lucidité
Chasse les aigreurs et les acidités
Qui font l’malheur des grand’s cités
Toutes excitées

[Verse 3]
On chante, on fête
Les oliviers sont bleus ma p’tit’ Lisette
L’amour joyeux est là qui fait risette
On est heureux Nationale 7

[Verse 2]
Route des vacances
Qui traverse la plus belle partie d’la France
Qui fait d’ Paris un p’tit faubourg d’Valence
Et la banlieue d’Saint-Paul-de-Vence

[Bridge]
Le ciel d’été
Remplit nos cœurs d’sa lucidité
Chasse les aigreurs et les acidités
Qui font l’malheur des grand’s cités
Toutes excitées

[Verse 3]
On chante, on fête
Les oliviers sont bleus ma p’tit’ Lisette
L’amour joyeux est là qui fait risette
On est heureux Nationale 7.
On est heureux, Nationale 7,
On est heureux… Nationale 7.

Cœur de pirate – Dans La Nuit lyrics

(feat. Loud)

[Couplet 1 : Cœur de pirate]
Est-ce qu’on parle encore de pacte
On s’est juste utilisés
Et le mal qui s’impose au fond
Ce n’est pas ce qu’on s’est donné
Les lumières de nos endroits
Ceux qui feignent de briller
Je m’y plonge et j’y somnole
Afin de ne plus me réveiller

[Couplet 2 : Cœur de pirate]
Les gens tournent autour de moi
Ne m’ont pas vue m’endormir
Au son des basses qui résonnent
Dans mon tout, mon être chavire
Les amours se rencontrent enfin
Alors qu’on me voit souffrir
Je rêve, je m’envole

[Refrain : Coeur de pirate]
Dans la nuit, on me laisse vivre l’ennui
Que la raison emprisonne
Tout de moi réside dans ces fois
Que d’espoir, je rentre chez moi
Et dans la nuit, on s’ennuie
Et dans la nuit, on s’ennuie

[Couplet 3 : Loud]
On a passé la nuit sous la tension
T’as joué ta chance, ils ont joué ta chanson
J’t’ai parlé toute la nuit, j’ai pas dit grand-chose
Je sais que tu penses que j’y pense, mais tu penses trop
Ok j’ai pris l’appel et puis après
Crois-moi, j’suis difficile à suivre, j’suis facile à perdre
L’ennui des jeunes adultes passé la nuit seuls à deux
Être disparu sans signature, j’sais pas dire adieu
J’suis jamais bien loin, j’suis jamais bien là
Bruxelles, Paris, Berlin, Ciao bella
Traverser le monde pour essayer de remplacer un monde par un autre que j’arrive à peine à replacer
I say, two glasses full of moonshine
Sunglasses for the moonshine
Les grands classiques on est sous l’charme
And baby that’s all I need

[Refrain : Cœur de pirate]
Dans la nuit, on me laisse vivre l’ennui
Que la raison emprisonne
Tout de moi réside dans ces fois
Que d’espoir, je rentre chez moi
Et dans la nuit, on s’ennuie
Et dans la nuit, on s’ennuie

[Outro : Cœur de pirate]
Et dans la nuit, on s’ennuie
Et dans la nuit, on s’ennuie

Sundara Karma – Olympia lyrics

[Verse 1]
Oh no, Olympia said she loves me
Olympia said she needs me
But what about all the marquis
No not them
Because they’re all so autocratic
There’s something pale underneath the beat
A white innocence marked by lecherous men
I thought I’d suffer in the city heat
I thought I’d suffer now let’s hope to begin again

[Pre-Chorus]
If they could see
Modern Venus
Tender and frail
Hell she’s nervous
But she’s the best in all of Paris
At aching and breaking hearts

[Chorus]
And oh lord
Is heaven such a fine thing
We’re floating in a dead town
Hoping to find someone to be near
And we’ll fly away
Holding onto something
We’re drifting in a dull sound
Hoping to find someone who will hear

[Verse 2]
Oh no, Olympia said she loves me
Olympia said she needs me
But what about all the marquis
No not them
Because they’re all so autocratic
I can’t invest with this currency
A blind diligence wrapped and bowed with a lie
But still we stay for the company
But still we stay cause we don’t wanna ever die

[Pre-Chorus]
If they could see
Modern Venus
Tender and frail
Hell she’s nervous
But she’s the best in all of Paris
At aching and breaking hearts

[Chorus]
And oh lord
Is heaven such a fine thing
We’re floating in a dead town
Hoping to find someone to be near
And we’ll fly away
Holding onto something
We’re drifting in a dull sound
Hoping to find someone who will hear

[Bridge]
I already know, I already know, I already know, I already know
I already know, I already know, I already know

[Chorus]
And oh lord
Is heaven such a fine thing
We’re floating in a dead town
Hoping to find someone to be near
And we’ll fly away
Holding onto something
We’re drifting in a dull sound
Hoping to find someone who will hear
And oh lord
Is heaven such a fine thing
We’re floating in a dead town
Hoping to find someone to be near
And we’ll fly away
Holding onto something
We’re drifting in a dull sound
Hoping to find someone who will hear