Named the area of ​​​​probable direct collision between Russia and NATO

Photo: AP.

Western media again started talking about a possible clash between NATO and Russia. This time, analysts see the possibility of such a conflict in the confrontation between Moscow and Vilnius after the decision of Lita to ban the transit of goods subject to sanctions to the Kaliningrad region. In Russia, this was regarded as a blockade of Kaliningrad. Some politicians called for resolving this issue with the help of the army.

As the American publication Politico notes in its new material, the Suwalki corridor is a likely zone of direct military clash between the alliance and the Russian army. This is a hypothetical land corridor with a length of about 100 km, which can connect Belarus with the Kaliningrad region of Russia. Currently, Poland's border with Lithuania passes through this territory.

The Lithuanian military says they do not see any dangers yet. However, they call the Suwalki corridor the “Achilles heel of Lithuania”.

As the military explains, if Russia conducts an operation in this corridor, it will be able to simultaneously attack from the east (from Belarus) and from the west (from the Kaliningrad region ). This will enable the Russian military to quickly cut off the Baltic countries from NATO allies in the south.

The publication also notes that Russia has formed a powerful military presence in Kaliningrad: nuclear weapons, the Baltic Fleet and tens of thousands of soldiers. 

Lithuania sees the only way out in building up the NATO contingent in this area. She herself is not ready for confrontation, the publication notes.

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Finland admits it won’t join NATO until September because of Turkey

Ankara demands from Helsinki to extradite to it supporters of the PKK, whom it considers terrorists, blocking Finland's attempts to join NATO

Finland may not be able to join NATO before September because of position of Turkey, President Sauli Niinistö said after a trilateral meeting with Turkey and Sweden at NATO headquarters. negotiations have begun»,— said the President during a press conference with the head of the European Parliament Roberta Metsola, expressing the hope that the countries will eventually come to an agreement.

Niinistö was also asked if it was possible for Finland to join NATO before September. “I didn’t want to name specific dates. It's possible, but it's also possible that it won't be done until September,” — he replied.

According to Niinistö, negotiations will continue.

His foreign and security adviser Petri Hakkarainen, who led the Finnish delegation in Brussels, reported that the parties have made “obvious progress” on some issues, but understanding on others will take time.

The representative of the Turkish president, Ibrahim Kalin, in turn, stated that the negotiations were held in an “open and sincere” manner. atmosphere. Any progress on Finland's and Sweden's NATO bids will depend on “the direction and speed with which these countries take the next steps,” he stressed.

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“When we see these steps, we will all be able to assess the direction of this process,” — Kalyn added.

Finland and Sweden applied to join NATO in mid-May. According to the procedure, their approval is required from all members of the alliance, but Turkey opposed it. It demands that countries hand over to Ankara members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, which it considers a terrorist organization, close all organizations associated with structures that Turkey considers terrorist, and also provide Ankara with guarantees.

Representatives of Finland, Sweden and Turkey have already held talks, but Ankara after them said that they were not satisfied with the results.

The Finnish agency STT reported that Finland refused to extradite people suspected of terrorism to Turkey. So, by the beginning of June, Helsinki had ruled on seven out of ten requests sent by Turkey since 2019. Two Turks were extradited, but they were not suspected of terrorism in their homeland.

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Poland’s prime minister says NATO has not done enough to protect Ukraine

Polish Prime Minister Morawiecki: NATO countries have not done enough to protect Ukraine According to Morawiecki, NATO countries need to increase arms supplies to Ukraine, as well as support Kyiv's ambitions on the path to joining the EU

NATO countries have not done enough to protect Ukraine so far . This was stated by Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki after a meeting of the leaders of the EU countries that are members of the military bloc, Wprost reports.

“We [NATO countries] have not done enough to protect Ukraine. I call for further arms shipments to this country, — said the politician.

According to him, European leaders “cannot imagine a scenario in which Ukraine loses.” He noted that this option would be a “catastrophe of Western values” and called on everyone to unite against “Russian imperialism”. Ukraine on the way to joining the EU. “We support their desire to get candidate status as soon as possible, because the Ukrainian people need hope,” — he said.

Since the beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, many Western countries have already introduced several packages of sanctions against Moscow. Poland, in particular, broke the agreement with Russia on gas supplies, blocked the accounts of the Russian embassy and expelled dozens of Russian diplomats.

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In addition, since the beginning of the conflict, Warsaw has gradually increased the supply of weapons to Kyiv, and also called for similar actions by other EU countries. In early June, Polish Deputy Prime Minister Jacek Sasin announced the allocation of a record $470 million over the past 30 years for the supply of weapons to Ukraine. Sasin did not specify what kind of weapons would be supplied under the contract, but noted that the European Union would partially cover the financing of the supplies.

The Russian authorities have repeatedly criticized the decision of Western countries to supply weapons to Ukraine. According to presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov, despite the fact that Kyiv continues to be “stuffed with the most modern weapons,” the goals of the special operation “will be achieved in any case.” “[These deliveries] will simply cause more suffering to Ukraine, which is just a tool in the hands of those countries that supply [weapons] there,” — he noted.

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Deputy Fedorov told how Russia can exclude the Baltic countries from NATO

Photo: pixabay.com

State Duma deputy Yevgeny Fedorov said in an interview with Sputnik Latvia that if Russia decides to withdraw recognition of Latvia's independence, Lithuania and Estonia, then NATO is likely to expel these countries from the North Atlantic alliance.

According to him, Russia's decision to withdraw recognition of independence will create conditions that will force NATO to return to the 1997 borders.

“According to the sixth paragraph of the NATO Charter, disputed territories cannot enter the alliance. Therefore, as soon as the territories of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are recognized as disputed, this will become the basis for their exclusion from NATO,” Fedorov added.

Earlier, Fedorov said that in the future Russia may withdraw recognition of the independence of Ukraine, Latvia and Estonia. He submitted a draft law to the State Duma, which states that the decision “On Recognizing the Independence of the Republic of Lithuania” is illegal. It was adopted in violation of the requirements of several articles of the Constitution of the USSR and by an unconstitutional body.

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NATO is afraid of getting Western military technology to the Russian Armed Forces

Photo: pixabay.com

Defense news, citing its own sources, reported that the countries that transfer weapons to Ukraine are concerned the fact that secret technologies for its production may get to Russia.

Therefore, representatives of European and Western countries carefully assess the possible risks before sending.

According to the publication, the West fears that Moscow can get data on how a given weapon works, and how to properly defend against it. In particular, this applies to weapons that use data encryption algorithms and homing systems.

According to a source in the British Embassy, ​​after Ukraine began to ask for more and more advanced weapons, the West began to take into account all the risks when making deliveries.

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NATO exercises with 45 ships to take place in the Baltic Sea

Exercise Baltops 2022 will be held from 5 to 17 June, and will be attended by 14 NATO countries and partner countries Sweden and Finland, which applied to join the alliance in May

In the Baltic Sea from 5 to 17 June will be the annual NATO military exercises Baltops 2022, according to the website of the alliance. They are dedicated to the 500th anniversary of the Swedish Navy.

14 NATO countries and partner states Sweden and Finland, as well as more than 7 thousand military personnel, 75 aircraft and 45 ships, including including the American aircraft carrier USS Kearsarge.

The coordination of actions will be carried out by the aviation operations control center in Uedem (Germany). The exercises will begin in Stockholm and end in German Kiel.

The NATO countries, as well as Sweden and Finland, will work out joint actions in the air, on land and at sea. These include amphibious operations, navigation operations, interception, anti-submarine warfare, mine protection, medical evacuation at sea.

The Commanders of the Air Forces of Finland and Sweden, Major General Juha-Pekka Keränen and Major General Carl Johan Edström, discussed closer integration of their Air Forces with NATO partners. In particular, they discussed the applications of Helsinki and Stockholm to join NATO, as well as the potential integration of the airspace of Finland and Sweden into the mechanisms of patrolling NATO airspace.

Before the start of the exercise, the head of the US Chiefs of Staff, Mark Milley, said in Stockholm that the accession of Finland and Sweden to the alliance would put Russia in a “difficult military situation,” Reuters quoted him as saying. If they enter, the coastline of the Baltic Sea, with the exception of short strips around Kaliningrad and St. Petersburg, will be surrounded by NATO countries. “Therefore, this will be very problematic for them from a military point of view and will be very beneficial for NATO,” Millie said.

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In mid-May, Finland and Sweden applied to join NATO. Turkey does not agree with this.

President Vladimir Putin at the CSTO summit said that Russia “has no problems with these states”, so their membership in the alliance does not pose an immediate threat to Russia. However, Moscow will react “appropriately” in the event of the expansion of NATO's military infrastructure on the territory of these countries, he warned.

The Russian Foreign Ministry, in turn, noted that Moscow was not going to put up with the advance of the alliance to the north of Europe. “They should not have any illusions that we will simply put up with this, as well as in Brussels, Washington and other NATO capitals. That is, the general level of military tension will increase, and there will be less predictability in this area, — said Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov.

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Turkey urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO

Now Turkey, Sweden and Finland have nothing to talk about, first they must satisfy the expectations of the Turkish authorities, the presidential adviser said. Turkey seeks both countries to extradite PKK members to it =”Turkey urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO” />

Sweden and Finland should not waste time negotiating with NATO about membership in the alliance, since Turkey's requirements on this matter have not changed and there is nothing to talk about. This opinion was expressed in an interview with the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter by the adviser to the Turkish president, Fahrettin Altun.

“Turkey's demands for Finnish and Swedish membership in NATO remain unchanged, and there is nothing to negotiate. It is wrong for Finland and Sweden to waste NATO's time at these critical moments, — he said.

Instead of negotiating with an alliance, Sweden should make sure things are in line with “reasonable expectations” Turkish government, Altun believes.

“Under the current circumstances, it is impossible to explain to the Turkish people how and why Turkey should be in a military alliance with a country that offers asylum to the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party.— RBC)»,— explained the EA.

Turkey refuses to support the applications of Sweden and Finland to join NATO and demands that these countries extradite members of the PKK to Ankara, close all organizations associated with structures that Turkey considers terrorist, and provide the Turkish side with appropriate guarantees. Turkish authorities consider the PKK a terrorist organization.

On May 25, Turkish, Finnish and Swedish representatives held talks in Ankara. After that, sources told Reuters that the meeting was not easy, and its participants made “little progress”; and did not achieve clear results. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he was not satisfied with the outcome of the talks. The day before, the head of state spoke on the phone with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and noted that Sweden and Finland should demonstrate “allied solidarity” before joining. Erdogan demanded that Helsinki and Stockholm prove that they do not support terrorism and are ready to lift sanctions against Turkey.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin noted that the intention of Sweden and Finland to join NATO could aggravate “an already difficult situation in the field of international security.” NATO expansion at the expense of these countries will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but Moscow will respond if additional military infrastructure appears on their territories, Putin emphasized.

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Biden supported the rapid entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO

Joe Biden, at a meeting with Jens Stoltenberg, expressed support for his efforts for the rapid entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO, taking into account the security interests of all allies. Turkey opposes their membership, negotiations are underway rapid accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO” />

At a meeting with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, US President Joe Biden expressed support for his efforts aimed at the rapid entry of Sweden and Finland into the alliance, taking into account the security interests of all allies, the White House press service reports.

The US President and the NATO Secretary General welcomed the applications of Sweden and Finland to join the North Atlantic Alliance. The conversation discussed the implications of the Russian military operation in Ukraine for transatlantic security and the importance of strengthening NATO's deterrence and defense, in addition to ensuring that the alliance is properly resourced to address a wide range of issues, from cyber security to climate change.

The meeting was also attended US Vice President Kamala Harris, and US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan met with Stoltenberg separately.

Biden and Stoltenberg met to prepare for the NATO summit, which will be held June 29 & 30 in Madrid. Sweden and Finland will not be able to participate in this event as — candidates for membership in the alliance, said Stoltenberg, if they did not reach an agreement with Turkey, which blocked the approval of their applications because of “support for terrorists”; from the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). Despite support for the entry of Sweden and Finland, Stoltenberg urged to take into account Turkey's concerns and solve “any problems related to security.”

According to Sabah, Ankara is demanding that Stockholm and Helsinki designate the PKK and its offshoots as terrorists, refuse to admit PKK members to parliaments, and expedite the process of extradition of “terrorists”. In addition, Turkey demanded the “immediate withdrawal” of sanctions against its military-industrial complex.

The Turkish newspaper Milliyet wrote that Biden was trying to mediate negotiations with Turkey on Finland and Sweden's NATO membership.

At the end of May, negotiations were held between the parties, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was dissatisfied with their results. “The meeting of the delegations was not at the level we expected,” — he said, calling the representatives of Sweden and Finland “dishonest and insincere”.

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Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18th. Both countries want to join the bloc on the condition that military bases and nuclear weapons are not placed on their territory. In addition to Turkey, Hungary and Croatia oppose the membership of these states.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the intention of the northern European states could aggravate “an already difficult international security environment.” According to him, the expansion of NATO at the expense of Sweden and Finland will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but she will respond if the military infrastructure is expanded in these territories.

The United States assured that they were not going to increase the contingent in Finland and Sweden.

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Turkey called NATO expansion impossible without fulfilling its requirements

The process of Sweden and Finland joining NATO will not move forward until Turkey's concerns are satisfied, Kalın said. Earlier, Ankara demanded that the two countries conclude a written agreement Turkey called it impossible to expand NATO without fulfilling its requirements” />

Turkish and Finnish delegations during the talks

Without satisfying Turkey's fears, there can be no talk of any progress in the process of Finland and Sweden's accession to NATO, said Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin, Yeni Şafak reports.

Earlier, negotiations were held in Ankara between Turkish, Swedish and Finnish delegation.

“We have made it clear that the process [of Sweden and Finland joining NATO] will not move forward unless Turkey's concerns are resolved through concrete action and within a certain time frame,”— said Kalyn.

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on 18 May. First they will be considered by the main political body of the bloc — The Council of the North Atlantic Alliance, and then the agreement must be ratified by all 30 states — NATO members.

Turkey opposed the admission of Sweden and Finland to NATO. According to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, these countries gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist by Ankara, in particular the Kurdistan Workers' Party. (PKK), and also imposed sanctions against the republic.

Turkey wants Sweden and Finland to “stop supporting terrorists” and wants to conclude a written agreement with these countries. It will include the recognition of the PKK and its offshoots as terrorist, the refusal to admit its members to the parliaments of the two countries, as well as the acceleration of the procedure for the extradition of “terrorists”; at the request of Ankara, Sabah wrote. According to Kalin, Ankara has already conveyed its demands.

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Finland has previously announced its readiness to guarantee Ankara that ties with the PKK will be more closely monitored in the country, but ruled out the extradition of members of the PKK or those associated with it people without justice. In Sweden, in turn, they recalled that the government of the country included the PKK in the list of terrorist organizations back in 1984.

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Biden made Colombia one of the main US allies outside NATO

The status gives the recipient the opportunity to acquire various types of weapons and participate in joint defense activities and gives other privileges. However, he does not oblige the United States to provide security guarantees to an ally.

Joe Biden

U.S. President Joe Biden signed a resolution granting Colombia the status of a major ally of a state outside of NATO, the White House press service reports.

“Within his powers as president<…> I include Colombia among the main allies of the United States outside of NATO, — said in the resolution.

Biden announced plans to make Colombia one of the main allies of the United States outside of NATO in mid-March. At the time, he said the move would strengthen the “unique and close relationship” between the countries.

The status of a major ally outside the alliance “gives [the United States] foreign partners certain advantages in the field of defense trade and security cooperation, but does not oblige Washington to provide them with security guarantees, as is the case with states & mdash; members of NATO, according to the State Department website. In particular, they get the opportunity to acquire various types of weapons and participate in joint defense activities.

Washington established the status of the main US ally outside NATO in 1989. Now it has been assigned to 17 countries, including Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, Egypt, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand and others. Taiwan is also considered the main US allies outside NATO, although the country has not been officially assigned the status.

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Turkish experts predicted possible compromises on NATO

Although Turkey has blocked Finland and Sweden from joining NATO, Turkish experts interviewed by RBC consider a compromise possible, but warn that negotiations may drag on for a long time

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Why Turkey objects to Finland and Sweden in NATO

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on May 23 that NATO needs to take specific measures to remove Ankara's objections to Finland and Sweden joining the alliance. “We have not received adequate support from NATO partners in the fight against terrorism. We expect NATO to take concrete steps to address concerns [over Sweden and Finland joining the alliance], rather than make useless statements,— he said (quote from The Daily Sabah).

Finland and Sweden filed formal applications for NATO membership on May 18, which all 30 countries of the alliance must approve. Erdogan said the same day that Ankara could not support the aspirations of Helsinki and Stockholm.

Later, he put forward three conditions under which he would withdraw objections, namely:

  • Helsinki and Stockholm stop supporting Kurdish groups designated as terrorist groups in Turkey;
  • providing clear security guarantees;
  • the lifting of export bans (both pretender countries imposed an arms embargo on Turkey in 2019 after another Turkish operation against the Kurds in Syria).

Turkey's position did not come as a surprise: between Ankara on the one hand, Stockholm and Helsinki— on the other hand, there are long-standing contradictions, said Torgul Ismail, head of the department of political science and international relations at Syutchu University Imam Kahramanmarash in Ankara, in a conversation with RBC. “These two states openly support terrorist organizations, the PKK; (PKK) and related Kurdish organizations in Syria and Iraq. In addition, both states once imposed sanctions against Turkey in terms of arms sales to it. So this misunderstanding has been around for a long time. Now Turkey has the opportunity, based on its national interests, to make such a decision, — he explained.

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The expert emphasizes that Turkey is aware of the relations of other European countries with the PKK. According to him, the fact that members of the PKK and the Gülen Movement receive a residence permit or citizenship in the EU, is considered by Turkey as a “hostile attitude”; to its security interests. Aslan recalled that there is also a Kurdish representation in Moscow, which, in his opinion, could become a problem for bilateral relations between Russia and Turkey.

The Valdai Club expert, Professor of International Relations at the Middle East Technical University of Turkey, Huseyin Bagci, believes that Erdogan's decision on Finland and Sweden is not related to Russia's position on NATO expansion. “First of all, this is an internal question,” & mdash; he emphasized. “Turkey would like to receive written guarantees that the PKK and the Syrian People’s Protection Units (YPG) will not be active in northern Syria, nor in Finland and Sweden, which will be very difficult to implement: they can simply change their names and continue their activities,” — Baggi told RBC.

What is the status of the PKK in the EU and the US

“PKK” (PKK) is recognized as a terrorist organization in Turkey, the United States, the European Union (Sweden and Finland are members of it). The US State Department designated the PKK as a foreign terrorist organization in 1997. The European Union first recognized the organization as a terrorist organization in 2002, but then in 2008 the European Court of Justice ruled that the EU did not provide sufficient justification for classifying the PKK as a terrorist organization. Nevertheless, Brussels did not change its position on the PKK. In 2018, the organization again won a trial for wrongful listing as a terrorist organization, but the EU again upheld its decision.

What can be a compromise

In the end, Turkey, which has been a member of NATO since 1952, will agree to Finland and Sweden joining the alliance, Baggi is sure. “Turkey has a veto and will try to delay, as far as possible, Sweden and Finland joining the alliance, so the negotiations may take a long time. But in the long run, Turkey will not be able to prevent the membership of these countries in NATO. Six months, a year, two years? Let's see, — says the expert. If Erdogan is not re-elected in next year's elections, then this process will go much faster, he stipulates. If Erdogan remains in power, then perhaps he will try to use the same scheme that was previously used to resolve the dispute between Greece and North Macedonia. “It took ten years just for North Macedonia to change its name and be able to apply,” — reminded Baggi.

In June 2018, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and his Macedonian counterpart Zoran Zaev put an end to the dispute and signed an agreement according to which Macedonia received a new name— Republic of North Macedonia. In return, the Greek authorities stopped blocking Skopje's attempts to join NATO and the EU. For the first time, Greece blocked the application of a neighboring country in 2008.

The former name of the republic did not suit Athens, since the toponym “Macedonia” extends geographically, including to the Greek Aegean Macedonia, which supposedly could give the Macedonians a reason to claim rights to Greek territories and cultural heritage. North Macedonia became a member of NATO in 2020.

Compromise is always possible, since NATO expansion does not contradict Turkey's national interests, Ismail is sure. “When Finland and Sweden withdraw their support for the PKK and officially declare it, we will be very close to a compromise. Turkey already had such an experience with Greece, which Ankara supported without looking back, but in the end, Athens does not fulfill its obligations, — he said. In 1980, Ankara, despite unresolved differences over the control of airspace in the Aegean, supported the restoration of full participation of Athens in NATO.

Video

Aslan also believes that Turkey could support the entry Finland and Sweden in NATO on the condition that “these countries will review their policies and respect Turkey's security interests.” “But there must be visible policy changes and concrete steps. If geopolitical and security considerations push these states to take advantage of Alliance guarantees, they must sacrifice their “hobbies” to for the sake of vital interests»,— he concluded.

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Erdogan called NATO a condition for joining the alliance of Sweden and Finland

NATO chief Stoltenberg agreed that it is necessary to take into account the interests of Turkey, and pointed out the need to continue negotiations to find a solution for the membership of Finland and Sweden in the alliance

Jens Stoltenberg

NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg held talks with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the entry of Sweden and Finland into the alliance. The head of the organization wrote about this on Twitter.

During the conversation, he pointed out the importance of the principle of “open doors”; in NATO. The Turkish leader also said that he supports this policy.

“We agree that it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies and continue negotiations to find a solution,”— emphasized Stoltenberg.

Nevertheless, Erdogan stressed that Ankara will not support the entry of the two Scandinavian countries into the alliance until they demonstrate their readiness to cooperate in the fight against terrorism, Reuters reports.

Speaker of the Finnish Parliamentarian Matti Vanhanen told YLE that Finland “certainly” join NATO. At the same time, he stressed that Helsinki cannot agree to change its legal norms because of Ankara.

“Turkey must understand that there is no chance of a political agreement. Innocent people are not extradited to another country, especially if there is a risk that they will be imprisoned or unreasonably convicted, — said Vanhanen.

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Earlier on May 21, Erdogan, during a telephone conversation with Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and Finnish President Sauli Niinistö, stated that support for representatives of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, which Ankara considers a terrorist organization, is unacceptable. He urged Sweden to stop financial and military support for the groups.

In mid-May, Stockholm and Helsinki applied to join NATO. However, the Turkish president said that Ankara would not support these applications, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite the terrorists and imposed anti-Turkish sanctions.

According to the Turkish publication Sabah, Turkey proposed a manifesto to Sweden and Finland, the adoption of which became a condition for approval applications for NATO membership. Ankara urged to avoid contacts with the leaders of the PKK, to refuse to accept PKK members to the parliaments of both countries, to expedite the procedure for their extradition to Turkey.

The National Security Adviser to the American President Jake Sullivan on May 19 expressed confidence that Turkey's doubts would be resolved and NATO countries will unanimously decide on the countries' membership in the alliance.

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Ex-ambassador reported about US deception regarding Ukraine’s accession to NATO

Former US Ambassador McFaul: American diplomats deceived Ukraine about joining NATO

For several years, United States diplomats promised Ukraine to join the North Atlantic Alliance (NATO), which turned out to be a lie. This was stated by former US Ambassador to Russia Michael McFaul, speaking at The Munk Debate.

Thus, the moderator of the debate, Radoslav Sikorsky, reminded McFaul of the promises made by Washington to Kyiv on the country's accession to NATO and asked the question— “Did the [American] diplomats lie?”

The ex-ambassador answered in the affirmative, adding that this is how the “real world” works.

McFaul served as US Ambassador to Moscow from 2012 to 2014. In November 2016, he came under Russian sanctions. The diplomat claimed that this was due to his close ties with former US President Barack Obama. According to the Russian Foreign Ministry, McFaul came under restrictions due to “targeted damage to Russian-American relations.”

In March 2021, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky approved a national military security strategy. The document envisaged measures to strengthen integration with NATO for further membership in it.

He also repeatedly criticized the position of Western countries on Ukraine's membership in the alliance. In September, the Ukrainian leader also discussed this issue at the talks with Joe Biden, and, according to Zelensky, the US President announced his consent to Ukraine's entry into NATO.

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The Foreign Ministry saw the risk of turning the Arctic into a “theater of war” because of NATO

The Arctic may become an international theater of war due to the increased military presence of different states, the Foreign Ministry warns. The Ministry believes that the aspiration of Sweden and Finland to join NATO worsens the situation u003d “The Foreign Ministry saw the risk of turning the Arctic into a” theater of war “because of NATO” />

The desire of Finland and Sweden to join NATO is a manifestation of a trend towards increased military activity in the Arctic and “high latitudes” , said “RIA Novosti” Ambassador-at-Large of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chairman of the Committee of Senior Officials of the Arctic Council Nikolai Korchunov.

“This is, of course, a very disturbing trend.” transformation of the Arctic region into an international theater of military operations. We can't help but worry, — said the diplomat.

Korchunov also pointed to the “internationalization of military activities.” In his opinion, the previous policy of Helsinki and Stockholm in the issue of not joining military alliances formed a solid foundation for stability and peace in the region, but a possible accession to NATO is unlikely to have the same effect.

Five countries have direct access to the Arctic Ocean: Russia, the USA, Norway, Canada, Denmark and the USA. At the same time, Finland, Sweden and Iceland do not have oceanic borders with the Arctic, but they position themselves as subarctic states. According to the US Geological Survey, about 22% of the world's undiscovered hydrocarbon resources are located in the Arctic: these are oil, gas and gas condensate. In addition, there is uranium, gold, diamonds and rare earth metals.

According to the strategy for the development of the Arctic until 2035, approved by President Vladimir Putin in 2020, Russian troops stationed in the Arctic zone must be equipped with modern weapons and equipment. The document also talks about the need to improve the infrastructure. In December of the same year, the president announced that Russia would “grow” in the coming decades. Arctic and territories of the North, he pointed out that these are “obvious” events.

The Foreign Ministry in mid-April saw the risk of “unintentional incidents” in the Arctic. Korchunov pointed to the Cold Response 2022 military exercises that took place in March & April in Norway. 30 thousand people from 27 states took part in them, including & mdash; from Finland and Sweden, which have the status of an alliance partner.

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Finland and Sweden announced their desire to join NATO after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. At the end of February, for the first time, the majority of surveyed Finns (53%) supported the initiative of joining the country to the alliance, Yle reported, while in 2017 22% of respondents approved of this idea, and in January 2022— only 30%. «Russia— not the neighbor we thought she was,— said Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin in early April.

Sweden and Finland applied to NATO in mid-May, but Turkish authorities warned they would block their accession as Helsinki and Stockholm imposed sanctions on the country and refused to extradite PKK members to Ankara. (RPK). It is considered terrorist in Turkey. Turkish President Recep Erdogan said that Sweden and Finland should demonstrate their readiness to cooperate on the PKK issue.

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Putin, in a conversation with his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinistö, called the decision of the country's authorities a “mistake” and assured that Moscow did not pose a threat to Helsinki. Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov called the prospect of Finland joining NATO an unconditional threat to Russia. Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev warned that Russia would have to increase the grouping of armed forces in the Gulf of Finland and noted that “there will no longer be any talk of a non-nuclear status of the Baltic” the balance must be restored».

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Blinken said that Russia itself refused NATO membership in the 1990s

According to Blinken, the idea of ​​Russia joining NATO was indeed discussed in the 1990s. The Kremlin said that the doors of the alliance were closed for the country at that time ” alt=”Blinken said that Russia itself refused NATO membership in the 1990s” />

Anthony Blinken

Russia itself abandoned the idea of ​​joining NATO in the 1990s, said US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken in an interview with The Late Show TV presenter Stephen Colbert. The transcript of the conversation is published on the website of the State Department.

Discussing with Blinken the political situation in the world, including the events in Ukraine and Russia's fears about the possible expansion of NATO to the East, the host proposed a “crazy idea” & mdash; “invite Russia to join the alliance.” According to him, then the Russian authorities would have nothing more to worry about.

The Secretary of State replied that the issue had already been discussed in the past, but Russia abandoned this idea.

“You know what? Back in the 1990s, this question (Russia's proposal to become part of NATO.— RBC) has indeed been discussed. The Russians decided that this was not what they wanted to do, — he said.

The fact that the United States offered Russia to join NATO was also announced in early April by former US President Bill Clinton. According to him, in the 1990s, relations between the North Atlantic Alliance and Moscow developed: it participated in the Partnership for Peace program, the founding act of Russia was concluded; NATO on mutual relations, cooperation and security, and the United States provided financial assistance to Russia for the withdrawal of its military from the Baltics. “All this time we have kept the doors of NATO open for Russian entry, as I clearly stated to Yeltsin, and then to his successor Vladimir Putin,” Clinton said.

The Kremlin, commenting on his words, said that the doors of NATO in the 1990s were closed for Russia. According to the press secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov, the United States has repeatedly spoken about the impossibility of the country's entry into the alliance.

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Milliyet learned about Biden’s attempts to mediate between Turkey and NATO

According to the publication, the President of Finland and the Prime Minister of Sweden consulted with Biden before submitting applications to NATO, and the US President himself attempted to mediate between them and the Turkish leadership

Joe Biden

US President Joe Biden tried to mediate negotiations with Turkey on the membership of Finland and Sweden in NATO, the Turkish newspaper Milliyet reported, citing sources in the North Atlantic alliance.

According to the interlocutors of the publication, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson actively consulted with Biden, who also attempted to mediate between them and Turkey, before applying for NATO membership.

In mid-May, Sweden and Finland applied to join the alliance, now they must be considered by the NATO Council. In response, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Ankara would not support these applications, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite the terrorists and imposed sanctions against Ankara.

On May 18, the Financial Times reported that Turkey had blocked discussions on Finland's and Sweden's NATO bids. The Turkish edition of Sabah wrote that Ankara offered Sweden and Finland a ten-point manifesto, its acceptance became a condition for approving the application for NATO membership. In particular, Turkey calls on them to avoid contact with the leaders of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), to refuse to admit PKK members to the parliaments of both countries, to expedite the procedure for their extradition to Turkey, to refrain from “contrary to the spirit of the alliance” directed against Turkey. actions and recognize the PKK and its offshoots as terrorist.

On May 19, US leader's national security adviser Jake Sullivan expressed confidence that Turkey's doubts would be resolved and NATO countries would unanimously decide on granting membership to Sweden and Finland. At the same time, he noted that Biden does not yet plan to discuss NATO expansion issues with his Turkish counterpart.

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Ambassador of Ukraine allowed the country to join NATO after the end of the conflict

Ukrainian ambassador to Germany: Ukraine can join NATO after the end of the conflict Ukraine can still join NATO and contribute to the defense of the countries of the alliance “due to its strong army”, said the Ukrainian ambassador to Germany Melnyk. After that, he again accused Scholz of not supplying heavy weapons. =”The Ambassador of Ukraine allowed the country to join NATO after the end of the conflict” />

Ukraine can become a member of NATO not in the midst of a military conflict, but, perhaps, immediately after it ends. This was stated by Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk in an interview with RND.

When asked by a journalist what the accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO would mean for Ukraine, Melnyk replied that this would be “good news”. He expressed hope that this would increase Ukraine's chances of quickly becoming a member of the alliance.

“I think that this [Ukraine's membership in NATO] can happen faster than some people think,”— Melnik noted. According to him, Kyiv has shown that it can contribute to the defense of NATO countries “due to its strong army.”

At the same time, the Ukrainian ambassador shared that Kyiv has the impression that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is not wants to supply Ukraine with heavy weapons.

“He does not seem ready to finally implement the historic decision on heavy weapons, although there is a decision of the German parliament on this issue, which was adopted three weeks ago,” emphasized Melnik.

It looks like Berlin is waiting for a truce, when there are no more “bold decisions,” he added. The Ukrainian ambassador also said that the fact that Olaf Scholz does not yet plan to visit Kyiv is “troubling and annoying”; the Ukrainian side.

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In early March, Melnik called the German chancellor an “insulted liver sausage”; after he called an obstacle to his visit to Kyiv the refusal of the Ukrainian authorities to receive German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier.

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Finnish parliament approves country’s accession to NATO

188 deputies out of 200 expressed their support for membership in the alliance. The counterproposal to refuse to join NATO was put forward in the Union of Left Forces, but it was not supported

The Finnish Parliament called for an application for NATO membership. 188 deputies voted out of 200, eight— against, three were missing, writes Yle. The majority of parliamentarians rejected the proposal of the deputy of the “Union of Left Forces” Markus Mustajärvi on refusing to join the military bloc.

In their speeches, representatives of various parties emphasized that Finland's intention to become a member of the alliance is not directed against anyone. Prime Minister Sanna Marin, speaking at the opening of the meeting, formulated the goal of joining NATO as follows: “If we are attacked, we will be helped. And if others are attacked, then we will help already.

On May 14, Marin and President Sauli Niinistö announced that the Finnish government had officially decided to join the North Atlantic Alliance and would submit an application after consultations with Parliament: for such a step, its approval is necessary. Now that the positive opinion of the deputies has been received, the State Council and the President should officially announce the submission of the application— this will happen on Tuesday, according to Yle. Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto said that Helsinki plans to apply on May 18.

The Swedish authorities have also announced their intention to join NATO, Foreign Minister Ann Linde has already signed the application.

Turkey opposed the membership of the two Scandinavian states in the alliance: according to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, these countries pander to organizations recognized by Ankara as terrorist — in particular the PKK. In addition, Helsinki and Stockholm imposed sanctions against the republic, so Turkey cannot support their entry into NATO, the head of state said.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, who previously said that he would do everything possible for the speedy entry of Sweden and Finland to the bloc, after Erdogan's statements, he called to take into account Ankara's fears. “Turkey is a valuable ally and any security issues must be resolved. We must be together at this historic moment,»— stressed Stoltenberg.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin in a telephone conversation with Niinistö called Finland's refusal of neutrality erroneous, since “no threats” there is no security in the country. Moscow will react “appropriately” in the event of the expansion of NATO's military infrastructure in Sweden and Finland, he warned.

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The Foreign Ministry refused to “please the West” by withdrawing from the act with NATO

Moscow will not withdraw from the Russia-NATO founding act, despite the “provocative fuss” of the alliance countries, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said. In his opinion, this document is treated with disdain in the West

View of the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Moscow is not going to abandon the founding act Russia— NATO, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said on the air of the Rossiya 24 channel. The Deputy Minister believes that Western countries are dismissive of this document and are engaged in “provocative fuss”; to bring Russia out of balance. “And at the same time, they discuss with each other what the fundamental act is, and in the end Russia came out of it. No, we won't give them that pleasure,” — he assured (quote from RIA Novosti).

Russia hears that at the upcoming NATO summit in June in Madrid, the members of the alliance are going to adopt an updated strategic concept, as well as a decision on additional deployment of forces and assets on the eastern flank, Ryabkov added. At the same time, according to him, there is a “paradoxical internal discussion” going on inside the bloc; whether it would be in accordance with the provisions of the act.

The Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security between Russia and NATO was signed in Paris on May 27, 1997. The document provided for meetings and the establishment of a permanent representation of Russia to NATO in Brussels, as well as an information bureau and a military mission of the alliance in Moscow. In the fall of 2021, after NATO reduced the size of the Russian mission in Brussels, the Russian side suspended the activities of the military mission of the alliance in Moscow and the work of the Russian representation at the organization.

February 25, the day after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine , the North Atlantic Alliance said that Russia “rejected the path of diplomacy and dialogue” offered by NATO, and its actions were “a blatant rejection of the principles enshrined in the Russia's Founding Act — NATO».

In early February, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova called the act Russia— NATO is “virtually the only 'survivor' at the moment” an instrument of military restraint in Europe” and urged NATO Allies to keep it in mind as they develop plans for strengthening in the region. The block responded by saying that the agreement continues to exist, but “will not prevent us from doing what we have to do.”

The NATO summit will be held in Madrid on June 29-30. According to Reuters sources, members of the alliance may either before or during this meeting approve the application of Sweden and Finland to join the bloc. Prior to the accession of the Scandinavian countries to the alliance, NATO could strengthen its presence in the Baltic region, said Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.

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Austrian Chancellor called the question of the country’s membership in NATO irrelevant

Chancellor Karl Nehammer said he understands the desire of Sweden and Finland to join NATO, but in the case of Austria this is out of the question. According to the country's defense minister, “neutrality is in the heart of the Austrians”

Karl Nehammer

Austria's accession to NATO is not on the agenda, Chancellor Karl Nehammer said during a visit to Prague. This is reported by OE24.

“For Austria, this issue is not relevant,”— he said and added that the country is in a different position than Sweden and Finland, which share a common border with Russia. The chancellor says he understands why the Scandinavian countries want to join the defense alliance, but in the case of Vienna, “that's out of the question.”

Nehammer repeated the thesis that he expressed before the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine: “Austria was, is and will remain neutral.” declaring that “neutrality is in the heart of the Austrians”. At the same time, she added, neutrality needs to be discussed both in society and in parliament, especially given the Russian operation.

Austria has maintained a policy of neutrality since 1955, but cooperates closely with NATO. In particular, in May, Vienna resumed interaction with the block under the Partnership for Peace program. (program of NATO's bilateral military cooperation with non-alliance countries). Turkey blocked it in 2017 in response to Vienna's refusal to support the country's EU membership.

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On May 17, Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO. The documents will be considered by the North Atlantic Council, after which the agreement must be ratified in all 30 countries of the bloc. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg earlier promised that if Helsinki and Stockholm want to join the alliance, they will promptly receive a positive response. According to Russian President Vladimir Putin, the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO does not pose a threat, but the expansion of military infrastructure in the territory of the Scandinavian countries “will certainly cause our response.”

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Bloomberg learned about Turkey’s demands for the admission of Sweden and Finland to NATO

Ankara demands a return to the F-35 pilot training program, the lifting of sanctions for the purchase of Russian C-400s, as well as public condemnation by Sweden and Finland of the PKK banned in Turkey

For approving the inclusion of Sweden and Finland in NATO Turkey demands, among other things, the return to the F-35 pilot training program and the lifting of sanctions for the purchase of Russian C-400s. Bloomberg reports this with reference to several high-ranking Turkish sources.

Another condition— public condemnation by these two countries of Kurdish formations and the recognition of the PKK as a terrorist organization. Ankara also demands that Sweden and Finland lift restrictions on the supply of weapons to it, which have been in effect since 2019 due to Turkey's operation in Syria.

The interlocutors of the agency explained that Turkey's official consent to the return of Greece to NATO in 1980 is now is seen as a mistake that the Turkish leadership did not want to repeat with the Scandinavian countries (Turkey and Greece have disagreements over Cyprus).

Finland and Sweden decided to join NATO after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. On May 17, countries submitted official applications.

NATO membership requires consideration of applications by the North Atlantic Council— NATO's main political governing body. After that, the agreement on the membership of countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries that are in the military-political bloc.

On May 16, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Ankara “can't say yes” for Finland and Sweden to join NATO. He explained this by the fact that the countries declared their unwillingness to extradite “terrorists” to Turkey. TRT wrote that Sweden and Finland refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party and FETO (a movement that arose around the ideas of Turkish writer Fethullah Gülen, which Turkey considers involved in a coup attempt in 2016).

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In turn, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö noted that Erdogan's statements “confused” him, because the Turkish leader told him by phone that he would accept joining the alliance. Niinistö also announced his readiness to discuss membership issues with his Turkish counterpart.

In addition, the leader of the largest faction of the European Parliament, Manfred Weber, threatened Ankara with isolation if it impedes the admission of new NATO members. “Anyone who questions the unity of NATO will be isolated within the Commonwealth,” — he said.

Russia and Turkey signed a contract for the S-400 in December 2017. The first deliveries began in July 2019. The United States opposed Turkey's decision and excluded it from the F-35 supply program. The Pentagon feared that as a result, Russia could obtain the data necessary to counter the F-35.

In December 2020, the United States also imposed sanctions against Turkey due to the purchase of the C-400, prohibiting the issuance of licenses and export permits Turkish Defense Industry Authority (SSB), which concludes contracts for the purchase of military equipment.

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Why Hungary and Turkey interfere with the plans of the European Union and NATO

And will the two countries be able to achieve the cancellation of the initiatives criticized by Moscow The special positions of Hungary and Turkey hinder the efforts of the EU and NATO in their confrontation with Russia. What is the reason, does Budapest and Ankara have a desire to take into account the position of Moscow and how everything can end – RBC figured out

Statue of the Goddess of Europe in Brussels

On Wednesday, May 18, representatives of the EU countries will meet again in Brussels to discuss the sixth package of sanctions against Russia. But European leaders cannot expect that it will be adopted in the near future in the proposed form: the reason for this is the position of Hungary and the fact that decisions in the union are made on the basis of consensus.

A few days earlier, Turkey announced that he cannot agree to the admission of Finland and Sweden to NATO.

Why Hungary continues to insist on its veto

The sixth package contains a proposal to introduce a ban on the import of crude oil from Russia in six months, as well as on the import of Russian oil products from 2023. Even at the initial stage of discussing these measures, Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic were against the oil embargo, since they are heavily dependent on energy supplies from Russia. The European Commission decided to meet them halfway and allowed Hungary and Slovakia to continue importing Russian oil until the end of 2024, and the Czech Republic— until June 2024. After that, Bratislava and Prague withdrew their objections. However, Budapest is still not ready to withdraw its veto.

The position of the government of Viktor Orban was sharply criticized at the EU ministerial meeting on 16 May. Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis told reporters that Hungary is holding the European Union hostage. “The whole union is being held hostage by one member state that cannot help us find a consensus,” — complained Landsbergis, specifying that the EU expected that Hungary's proposed delay would be enough for it to lift the veto.

The head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, stood up for Budapest, pointing out that Hungary's objections are not political, but economic. He explained that the country is concerned about the problem of creating new infrastructure and purchasing new equipment for receiving and processing oil not from Russia, for which its refineries are designed. In addition, the rejection of Russian oil will mean that Budapest will have to purchase it from other suppliers at higher prices, which will affect the Hungarian economy.

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Viktor Orban has previously compared ditching Russian oil to “a nuclear strike on the Hungarian economy.” On the air of Kossuth Radio, he recalled that Hungary has no access to the sea, and therefore it is forced to receive oil through the pipeline. “The pipeline to Hungary starts in Russia… that's the reality,” — he stated.

Hungary's dependence on Russian energy is really significant— 60% of oil and 85% of gas the country receives from Russia. Orban said the country needs five years to convert oil refineries and other infrastructure to process raw materials from non-Russian sources. This process will require huge investments, and the increase in the cost of oil will lead to an increase in unemployment and call into question the national program to reduce public utility costs, which is largely based on low prices for Russian energy resources.

The high inflation rate in the country and the budget deficit, including the blocking by Brussels of a €8 billion tranche intended for the recovery of the Hungarian economy after the pandemic (the reason was the divergence of views between Budapest and Brussels on the rule of law), carry significant risks for the country .

Against this backdrop, on May 16, Budapest decided to raise the stakes in the game: Hungarian Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó said that “a complete modernization of the Hungarian energy infrastructure is needed on a scale from «15 billion to»18 billion”, later specifying that Hungary has the right to expect a new proposals from Brussels. At that time, the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, was in Budapest on a visit, but her negotiations with Orban ended in nothing.

According to the Euractiv portal, the clause on lifting the Hungarian veto from the sixth package of sanctions in exchange for economic preferences may be submitted to an informal EU summit scheduled for late May. The Financial Times quoted an unnamed European official as saying the EU should make the Hungarian prime minister a lucrative offer. “Orban is very pragmatic, it's business,” — he explained.

What is Turkey counting on in the dispute over NATO expansion

As for NATO expansion, Turkey's position has become an unexpected obstacle to the alliance between Sweden and Finland, says Asli Aydintashbash, senior political analyst at the European Council on Foreign Affairs (ECFR). Ankara cannot yet give a positive conclusion on the admission of the two new countries, Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan said last Friday. “Scandinavian countries as guest houses for terrorist groups”, — he gave one of the reasons.

Indeed, Ankara has repeatedly expressed its dissatisfaction with the fact that many supporters of the PKK found refuge in Sweden and Finland. (PKK, classified as a terrorist organization in Turkey), as well as supporters of US-based preacher Fethullah Gülen (whom Ankara considers the organizer of the coup attempt in 2016).

On May 17, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö expressed hope that that the crisis can be overcome. “Turkey's statements have changed very quickly and become tougher in the last few days,” he said on Tuesday in an address to the Swedish parliament (quoted by Reuters).— But I am sure that with the help of constructive discussion we will solve the problem.

As Aydintashbash notes, it is not yet clear what exactly Erdogan wants— change the position of the US Congress on the sale of F-35 fighter jets to Turkey (the deal was canceled after Ankara bought and received the Russian S-400 air defense system), get more money to support Syrian refugees or extradite political activists suspected of terrorist activities to Turkey.

“It is unlikely that Erdogan had one specific political goal in mind, but he will certainly expect to be persuaded, persuaded and rewarded for his cooperation, as he has been in the past,” concluded the ECFR analyst.

The Turkish Foreign Ministry describes relations with both northern countries in calm tones. As stated on the website of the department, relations with Sweden date back to the 17th century, when the Swedish king Charles XII, after being defeated in the Northern War by Russia in 1709, fled to the Ottoman Empire and ruled the kingdom from Bender and Edirne for five years. Diplomatic relations with Finland were established in 1924. Trade turnover with Sweden in 2020 amounted to about $2.6 billion, with Finland— approximately $1.3 billion.

The main problem is not in Finland, but in Sweden, says Al-Monitor. The kingdom has received several waves of Turkish migrants, including Kurds, as well as refugees from Turkey's neighboring countries, and the Swedish Foreign Ministry regularly criticizes Turkish military operations in Kurdish territories in Syria.

In 2019, Sweden and Finland imposed an arms embargo on Turkey due to military operations in Syria. By this time, both countries had become leaders among countries selling military goods to Ankara: Swedish military exports to Turkey in 2018 reached $30 million, Finnish exports in the same year amounted to $17 million. in the terrorist activities of immigrants (On Monday, the Turkish Ministry of Justice said that Ankara had requested the extradition of six members of the PKK from Finland and 11 from Sweden).

“Ankara's statements cause concern in Sweden, among other things, because they hit exactly one of the arguments that was cited by those who did not quite agree with joining NATO, — fear that Sweden will lose the right to vote in matters of human rights and democracy, — Paul Levine, director of the Institute for Turkish Studies at Stockholm University, told Al-Monitor.

“Based on the statements of the Turkish authorities, it can be assumed that Turkey will continue to insist on its position, will bargain for concessions from the two northern countries,— predicted in a conversation with RBC director of the Center for the Study of Modern Turkey, researcher at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Amur Gadzhiev.— Will two countries go to give in, & mdash; this is a big question. We see that, on the contrary, there were marches against concessions, which indicates that the process will not be easy and it will not be easy for them to give in on these issues.

Other NATO countries no longer have leverage to influence Turkey so much, the expert notes, therefore, based on the previous experience of conflict situations involving the republic, one can expect, he believes, that a compromise option will appear, which will eventually be accepted by all parties.

According to Hajiyev, in the Turkish position, Ankara's intention to take into account Russia's negative position regarding the membership of Sweden and Finland in NATO is not traced.

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WP learns of disagreements in NATO in connection with the presence in Eastern Europe

According to the publication, the Baltic countries and Poland demand the deployment of large NATO forces on their territories. At the same time, a number of European countries believe that this is too costly and will weaken their military potential in other parts of the world

Countries — members of the North Atlantic alliance cannot reach a compromise on the scale of the expansion of the alliance's military presence in Eastern Europe. The Washington Post (WP) reports this with reference to alliance documents.

According to the publication, disagreements are growing among European allies over how NATO's military presence in Eastern Europe will be built against the backdrop of Russia's special operation in Ukraine.

“The Baltic countries and Poland demand a significant expansion of the military presence on its territory and new capabilities, such as air defenses, which would greatly hamper a potential Russian invasion, — newspaper writes.

The publication says that against the backdrop of these requests, other members of the alliance, such as France and Italy, expressed skepticism about Russia's ability to pose a real threat to the allies in the foreseeable future.

At the same time, in the presence of such a threat, it is proposed to deploy in these countries, contingents of 20 thousand people each. At the same time, many states fear that the transfer of such significant forces to Eastern Europe will be too costly and will weaken their military potential in other parts of the world.

The publication indicates that a preliminary decision on the scale of the military presence in Eastern Europe should be made by the end of June, when the leaders of the countries of the alliance will gather for a summit in Madrid.

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Discussions on increasing the size of the NATO contingent in Eastern Europe have been going on for several months. On January 12, against the background of publications about the accumulation of Russian troops on the Ukrainian border, Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas spoke about negotiations with the alliance on this topic. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg subsequently said that such a measure would be considered in the event of the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine. They began on February 24: Russia announced a special operation on “demilitarization and denazification” on the territory of a neighboring state.

Latvian President Egils Levits said in March that the country needed a permanent presence of US troops. According to him, the NATO contingent should be deployed on the eastern flank in the Baltics, Poland and Romania: such a move would be a “powerful signal” for Russia. on the readiness of the alliance to defend its member countries.

In addition, on March 24, the leaders of the alliance countries approved the deployment of additional combat groups in Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Slovakia. The Russian authorities expressed concern about the strengthening of NATO's eastern flank. In particular, the press secretary of the President of Russia, Dmitry Peskov, said that the alliance de facto began this strengthening even before the official decision was made.

On May 14, the Baltic countries again asked NATO to increase their presence on their territory. Stoltenberg previously said that the alliance is working on plans to send permanent and full-scale military forces to the eastern borders to protect against a possible Russian attack.

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Sweden and Finland apply to join NATO

The ambassadors of Sweden and Finland applied for these countries to join NATO. Putin said that their entry into the alliance would not pose a threat to Russia, but it would respond if the military infrastructure in these territories was expanded. .

Now applications for membership must be considered by the Council of the North Atlantic Alliance— the main political governing body of NATO. Then the agreement on membership of the countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries included in the bloc.

Sweden and Finland declared their intention to join NATO NATO against the background of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. Finland noted that the decision on membership in the alliance is not directed against anyone. According to President Sauli Niinistö, the country wants to “strengthen its security.”

The material is being supplemented.

even in blocking conditions

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In historic shift, Sweden will join Finland in requesting NATO membership

class=”MuiTypography-root-134 MuiTypography-h1-139″>In historic shift, Sweden will join Finland in requesting NATO membership

The historic shift comes after more than 200 years of military nonalignment in the Nordic country, in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Associated PressMay 16, 2022 · 9:15 AM EDT

Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson talks during the parliamentary debate on the Swedish application for NATO membership, in Stockholm, Monday, May 16, 2022. 

Henrik Montgomery/TT News Agency/AP

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson announced Monday that Sweden will join Finland in seeking NATO membership in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The historic shift, which comes after more than 200 years of military nonalignment in the Nordic country, is likely to upset the government of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson called it “a historic change in our country's security policy” as she addressed lawmakers in the Swedish capital.

Related: Europe’s new liquified gas infrastructure puts climate targets in question

"Sweden needs formal security guarantees that come with membership in NATO,” Andersson said, adding that the country was acting together with Finland, whose government announced on Sunday it would seek to to join the alliance.

Andersson was expected to formally announce the Swedish government's decision later Monday together with opposition leader Ulf Kristersson.

The move was essentially a done deal after Andersson's Social Democratic Party on Sunday dropped its longheld opposition to NATO membership, giving those in favor a clear majority in Parliament.

“The Swedish government’s intent is to apply for NATO membership. A historic day for Sweden," Foreign Minister Ann Linde wrote on Twitter. “With a broad support from political parties in the parliament, the conclusion is that Sweden will stand stronger together with allies in NATO.”

Once a regional military power, Sweden has avoided military alliances since the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Like Finland, it remained neutral throughout the Cold War, but formed closer relations with NATO after the Soviet collapse.

Public opinion in both countries was firmly against joining NATO until Russia's Feb. 24 invasion of Ukraine, after which polls indicated a dramatic shift in favor of membership.

Related: EU proposes oil ban after bloc’s largest economy drops opposition

The governments in Finland and Sweden responded by swiftly initiating discussions across political parties about NATO membership and reaching out the US, Britain, Germany and other NATO countries for their support.

In Helsinki, Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell said Monday that there is “very significant” support in the Congress and that he expects swift ratification. He said he hoped a vote could be held before the August recess.

The Kremlin has repeatedly warned the move would have destabilizing consequences for security in Europe.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said Monday that Moscow “does not have a problem” with Sweden or Finland as they apply for NATO membership, but that "the expansion of military infrastructure onto this territory will of course give rise to our reaction in response.”

In the Swedish Parliament, only the small Left and Green parties objected to seeking NATO membership.

Andersson said Sweden would refuse nuclear weapons or permanent NATO bases on its soil — similar conditions as neighboring Norway and Denmark insisted on when the alliance was formed after World War II.

Though NATO officials have expressed hopes for a quick ratification process, all 30 current NATO members must agree to let Finland and Sweden in the door. Turkey voiced some objections last week, accusing the two countries of supporting Kurdish militants and others whom Turkey considers to be terrorists.

Swedish Defense Minister Peter Hultqvist told public broadcaster SVT that a Swedish delegation would be sent to Ankara to discuss the issue.

Jan M. Olsen contributed to this report.

Finland plans to apply for NATO membership on May 18

The Permanent Representative of Finland to NATO in Brussels is likely to apply to join the alliance on Wednesday 18 May. Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto told the Aftonbladet newspaper about this.

“For our part, this [application] will be done by the NATO ambassador in Brussels physically, probably on Wednesday. Then, if negotiations with NATO begin, they will be dealt with by a delegation headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Defence. said Haavisto.

Earlier, Finland's intention to apply for NATO membership “in the coming days” said President Sauli Niinistö during a telephone conversation with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin.

On May 12, Niinistö and Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin stressed in a joint statement the need to apply for NATO membership. Haavisto explained this decision by the fact that “the hostilities launched by Russia created a danger to the stability of the whole of Europe.” Similar plans are being considered by Sweden, which, like Finland, has the status of a state— NATO partner.

The next day, Putin held a meeting of the Security Council, where they discussed possible risks in connection with the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Moscow views such a scenario as a threat and Russia's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” is expressed. and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

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German Foreign Minister urged to quickly accept Sweden and Finland into NATO

Annalena Burbock emphasized that there should be no “grey zone” between countries applying for NATO membership and their acceptance, the allies should ensure their security after the initiative of Helsinki and Stockholm

Annalena Burbock

Germany will do everything to speed up the process of Finland and Sweden joining NATO, Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock told reporters ahead of a meeting of the alliance's foreign ministers in Berlin, Reuters reports. She emphasized that the period between countries submitting applications and their inclusion in NATO should be minimal.

“If they decide to join, they can join quickly <…>. We must give them security guarantees, there should be no transitional period, no gray area, when their status would be indeterminate,— underlined Burbock.

The process of ratifying countries' applications to join the alliance could take up to a year, Reuters explains. During this time, candidates are not covered by the article of the North Atlantic Treaty on collective defense, according to which an armed attack on any of the participating states is regarded as an attack on the entire alliance.

On the need for security guarantees from allies for the period between The Swedish Minister of Defense Peter Hultqvist previously spoke about the application and its ratification.

Helsinki and Stockholm have started talking about possible NATO membership amid the escalation in Ukraine. Finnish President and Prime Minister Sauli Niinistö and Sanna Marin on May 12 announced the need to immediately apply for the country's accession to NATO. Edition Helsingin Sanomat wrote that Finland and Sweden plan to apply at the same time. Niinistö is scheduled to visit Sweden on May 17.

The Finnish President spoke about his intention to make a decision in the near future to his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in a telephone conversation on May 14. Niinistö explained that in this way his country “strengthens its own security.” Finland's desire to become a member of the North Atlantic Alliance was influenced by “Russia's massive invasion of Ukraine in February 2022,” the head of state noted. Putin called Finland's refusal of neutrality a mistake. The country's minister for European affairs and property management, Tytti Tuppurainen, said that Helsinki is not afraid of threats and is ready for Moscow's response.

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Croatian Foreign Ministry says Turkey is on the right path in NATO issues

Ankara's talks with Finland and Sweden on their entry into NATO are going in the right direction, Croatian Foreign Minister Gordan Grlich-Radman said. Turkey objects to the entry of these northern European countries into the alliance

Gordan Grlich-Radman

Negotiations between Turkey, Finland and Sweden over Ankara's concern about their desire to join NATO are moving in the right direction, Croatian Foreign and European Affairs Minister Gordan Grlich-Radman said, quoted by Reuters.

“And we hope that today we will have a good result to demonstrate solidarity and speak with one voice,— Grlich-Radman told reporters at a meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Berlin.

Earlier, the Hungarian minister expressed hope that the meeting would resolve all Turkey's doubts about the membership of these northern European countries in the North Atlantic Alliance. According to him, he hopes that the NATO countries will be able to reach an agreement on this issue. At the same time, Croatian President Zoran Milanovic threatened to veto Finland and Sweden joining NATO. Grlic-Radman does not agree with the position of the head of state.

Turkey objects to the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO. The President of the Republic, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, called these countries “a guest house for terrorist organizations”: members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party banned in the country, according to him, live in Sweden, the Netherlands and even participate in parliament. “We can't look at it positively,” — he noted. Later, the official representative of the Turkish leader, Ibrahim Kalin, explained that Ankara “does not close the doors”; for Sweden and Finland in NATO, but wants negotiations with the Nordic countries.

On May 12, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Prime Minister Sanna Marin issued a statement that the country should immediately apply to join NATO. On the same day, the newspaper Expressen reported on Sweden's plans to do so on Monday 16 May. The next day, Niinistö is scheduled to visit the neighboring country, during which he will hold talks with Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson. Edition Helsingin Sanomat wrote that the countries plan to apply to NATO at the same time. The day before, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto said that Helsinki was going to apply to NATO on Wednesday, May 18.

Finland's refusal of neutrality and its entry into the bloc would be a mistake, since there are no threats to Helsinki's security, the president said Russian Vladimir Putin during a telephone conversation with a Finnish colleague.

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Finland decides to join NATO

Earlier, Vladimir Putin said that Finland's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality and the country's entry into NATO would be a mistake, since there are no threats to the security of Helsinki

Sanna Marin and Sauli Niinistö

The government of Finland has officially decided to join the North Atlantic Alliance ( NATO). This was announced by President Sauli Niinistöy and Prime Minister Sanna Marin at a joint press conference.

“Finland will apply for membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) after consultations with Parliament,” Niinistö said. The consultation will take place on Monday.

Earlier, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto said that the country's permanent representative to NATO in Brussels is likely to apply to join the alliance on Wednesday, May 18. After that, in the event that negotiations with NATO begin, they will be led by Haavisto himself and the Minister of Defense of Finland.

The day before, Niinistös had a telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin. During the conversation, Niinistö warned the Russian leader that the country had made the final decision to join the alliance. The decision of Helsinki was also influenced by “Russia's massive invasion of Ukraine in February 2022,” he added.

Putin said that Finland's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality and the country's entry into NATO would be a mistake, since there are no threats to the security of Helsinki. “Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations, which have been built in the spirit of good neighborliness for many years,” — according to a message on the Kremlin website.

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On May 12, Niinistöy Marin, in a joint statement, stressed the need to apply for membership in the North Atlantic Alliance. Similar plans are being considered by Sweden, which, like Finland, has the status of a state— partner of NATO.

The next day, Putin held a meeting of the Security Council, where they discussed possible risks in connection with the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Moscow views such a scenario as a threat and Russia's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” is expressed. and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

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