Polish border police push back migrants at Belarus border

class=”MuiTypography-root-228 MuiTypography-h1-233″>Polish border police push back migrants at Belarus borderThe WorldNovember 9, 2021 · 11:15 AM EST

Migrants from the Middle East and elsewhere rest on the ground as they gather at the Belarus-Poland border near Grodno, Belarus, Nov. 8, 2021.

Leonid Shcheglov/BelTA via AP

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Poland
Polish riot police faced off against hundreds of migrants who were trying to storm through from the Belarus side of the border. They cut through razor wire defenses and used branches to try and climb over them. The Polish Defense Ministry posted a video showing an armed Polish officer using a chemical spray through a fence at men who were trying to cut the razor wire, with some migrants throwing objects at police.The migrants, including families with young children, are camped out at the border in freezing temperatures and huddled around campfires as Polish border guards block their entry into the European Union.

COP26
A major point of contention in climate talks at the COP26 conference in Glasgow is the divide between rich and poor countries. On one side are nations that developed and became rich from the Industrial Revolution fueled by coal, oil and gas that started in the UK. On the other side are developing nations being told those fuels are too dangerous for the planet. Meanwhile, poorer countries are the ones feeling the most impact from climate change, with wealthy nations unwilling to foot the bill as compensation. These dynamics play out on week two of COP26 as national delegations discuss how to meet ambitious goals for greenhouse gas reductions. The World's environment editor and correspondent Carolyn Beeler 🎧 ​​reports from Glasgow.

Malawi
Overstone Kondowe has made history after being elected as Malawi’s first member of parliament with albinism, the hereditary lack of pigmentation in the skin, hair and eyes. It’s a significant milestone in a place where the condition still garners intense stigma, discrimination and even physical attacks. It’s also surrounded by superstition, and people with albinism often become the victims of a murderous trade in body parts, which are then used in witchcraft, forcing many children with albinism to refrain from attending school. Kondowe says he plans to work for legislation to protect all people with disabilities.

From The WorldBosnia faces the most serious crisis since the Balkans War, analyst says

Bosnian Serb member of the tripartite Presidency of Bosnia Milorad Dodik holds a speech during the 4th Budapest Demographic Summit in Budapest, Hungary, Sept. 23, 2021.

Credit:

Laszlo Balogh/AP/File photo

Bosnia and Herzegovina has lived in relative peace for the past couple of decades, after ethnic conflict tore through the Balkans in the 1990s. 

Today, fresh tensions are bringing up painful reminders of Bosnia's not-so-distant past. High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina Christian Schmidt warned that the country could face the biggest “existential threat of the post-war period” if the international community doesn't curb separatist threats by Bosnian Serbs.

Jasmin Mujanović, a Bosnian political analyst and the author of "Hunger and Fury: The Crisis of Democracy in the Balkans," joined The World's host Marco Werman to break down the situation.

Haitians deported from the US face a stark reality back home. Some are making plans to migrate again.

In Pestel, Haiti, on the country's southern peninsula, Jean-Robert Leger, left, brings in a boat that is a bit smaller than the one he has attempted in to sail to the United States, along with many other migrants aboard. He has yet to succeed in touch US soil. 

Credit:

Monica Campbell/The World

It’s been less than two months since thousands of Haitians were encamped under a bridge in Del Rio, Texas, just at the Mexico border. Some migrants were eventually let into the US. But most were deported to Haiti — often having lived away from the country for years.

In Haiti, many people are having to start all over again, without anything back at home, while others are still trying to figure out how to reach the US. The World's Monica Campbell reports from Haiti.

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But our work isn’t possible without the generosity of listeners like you. Make your gift before Nov. 30 to support our nonprofit newsroom and help us unlock a $67,000 match!

Double Take

A 45-year-old computer has gone on auction today and could fetch up to $600,000. But it is not just any old computer, it is one of the few remaining Apple-1 computers that Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs designed. A possible treasure for collectors. So, forget about your latest generation iPhone. Any bidders?

In case you missed itListen: EU climate chief calls for reaching headline Paris agreement goal

A panel depicting Planet Earth and a message reading 'While you were Talking,’ regarding the COP26 Summit is displayed on St John's Church, in Edinburgh, Scotland, Nov. 7, 2021.

Credit:

Alberto Pezzali/AP

The European Union’s climate chief said during the ongoing COP 26 conference in Glasgow that talks must focus on meeting the headline goal of the Paris agreement. Former US President Barack Obama spoke on the sidelines of the conference on Monday, saying President Joe Biden's climate package will be “historic,” while welcoming the efforts of bipartisan US support in working toward slowing down global warming. Also, pressure is building for more Haitians to migrate by sea, as The World’s Monica Campbell shares first-hand accounts of the latest. And, an app at a Swiss university tries to use augmented reality to help people overcome arachnophobia.

Don't forget to subscribe to The World's Latest Edition podcast using your favorite podcast player: RadioPublicApple PodcastsStitcherSoundcloudRSS.

Malawians vote for president (again) amid pandemic 

Malawians vote for president (again) amid pandemic 

By
Halima Gikandi

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A Malawian woman waits to vote in a rerun of a discredited presidential election in Thyolo, Malawi, June 23, 2020. 

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Ernest Mwale/Reuters 

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As countries around the world debate how to move forward with national elections amid the coronavirus pandemic, millions of Malawians head to the polls on Tuesday to vote for president —  again. 

Related: Coronavirus exposes Sudan’s broken health care system

Earlier this year, the country’s constitutional court nullified the results of its presidential election in May 2019, when incumbent President Peter Mutharika narrowly won another term in office.

Malawians took to the streets to protest the results and reelection of Mutharika, who has been in office since 2014.

The opposition, led by candidate Lazarus Chakwera, took the matter to court last year, citing widespread irregularities.

“The court even says let’s nullify the elections because there were vast irregularities that affected the will of the people.”

Tadala Peggy Chinkwezule, president, Women Lawyers Association of Malawi

“The irregularities ranged from the use of different tally sheets [to] the correction of errors,” said Tadala Peggy Chinkwezule, president of the Women Lawyers Association of Malawi.

“The court even says let’s nullify the elections because there were vast irregularities that affected the will of the people,” Chinkwezule said.

In February 2020, in a 500-page ruling, the courts took a rare step to nullify the elections, ordering a new one within 150 days. They determined that candidates running for office would need at least 50% plus one of the votes. 

Voters like Jane Mtika, a party vendor in the capital city of Lilongwe, appreciate the second chance at a fair vote. She plans to vote for Chakwera, who is now backed by a coalition of eight opposition parties and is running on improving the economy and bringing jobs to Malawians.

“I hope Chakwera and Chirima will do whatever they can for us business service providers,” she said, arguing that the coronavirus pandemic and countrywide lockdown has worsened poverty and hunger.

“We are now starving, we don’t have money. We are just staying at home. Our workers are at their homes. That’s not good,” said Mtika, who first spoke about her struggles to The World back in April.

Related: Libyans are caught between coronavirus and conflict 

Boniface Dulani, a political scientist at the University of Malawi, says many Malawians are fed up with the leadership of President Mutharika, whose time in office has been marred by corruption scandals.

“The economy is certainly in a very, very bad and very fragile state. Our dependence on agriculture in times of increasing drought remains a big challenge.”

Boniface Dulani, political scientist, The University of Malawi

“The economy is certainly in a very, very bad and very fragile state. Our dependence on agriculture in times of increasing drought remains a big challenge,” Dulani said.

The election rerun also hasn’t been without its challenges and controversies.

“Apart from the logistical issues, including ballots, there are also other issues related to the financing of the election. The government has been quite reluctant to release funds to the electoral commission,” Dulani said.

In recent years, recurring droughts and natural disasters have contributed to food insecurity in Malawi. More than 50% of the country lives below the national poverty line.

Related: After Cyclone Idai, governments struggle to secure recovery funds

Chifundo Kachale, the new election commissioner tasked with managing the election, was only appointed two weeks ago. Voting ballots printed abroad only arrived in the country on Friday.

The pandemic has also brought worries that the large campaign crowds and election could lead to a spike in the coronavirus in a country that has so far seemed to manage the relatively few cases. 

It has also prevented outside election observers from entering the country. Still, lawyers like Chinwezule say they will be at the polls to make sure things are on the right track.