Vice Chancellor of Germany considers the reduction in gas supplies a sign of the work of sanctions

German Vice Chancellor Calls Cuts In Gas Supplies Sign Of Effective Sanctions Gas shortages appear in Germany, but cuts in supplies from Russia show that sanctions are working, Vice Chancellor said

Reduction in gas supplies from Russia can be considered an indicator of effective sanctions, German Vice Chancellor, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habeck said on RTL TV channel.

Russia receives money from the sale of fossil fuels, but sanctions limit the list of those goods and services , which Moscow can import, he noted.

Khabek suggested that Russia cannot acquire anything with the money from energy supplies. “If she no longer needs this money, then Russia can reduce gas supplies. It is also a sign that the sanctions are extremely effective,— the minister emphasized (quote from TASS).

He called gas a scarce commodity in Germany and said that Russia uses it as a weapon against the country.

Western countries have imposed unprecedented sanctions against Russia in response to the country's military operation in Ukraine. Among them is a ban on monetary relations with Russian individuals, legal entities and organizations.

June 14 Gazprom announced a reduction in gas supplies through the Nord Stream gas pipeline; from 167 million to 100 million cubic meters m per day. This happened due to the fact that the German company Siemens delayed the repair of gas pumping units of the Portovaya compressor station.

Siemens explained that gas turbines for Nord Stream Produced by Canada, they were delivered to Russia in 2009. One engine is undergoing refurbishment in Montreal, but the repaired turbines cannot be returned due to Canadian sanctions.

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Problems with gas transit also occurred due to the development of the overhaul life of gas pumping units and technical malfunctions of engines, which were revealed by Rostekhnadzor, Gazprom said.

The next day, the company decommissioned another gas turbine engine from the German company Siemens at the station «Portovaya», as the time between overhauls before the overhaul was ending. Since June 16, the plant's capacity has dropped to 67 million cubic meters. m of gas per day.

“From a technological point of view, the mechanical infrastructure of this pipeline is suffering because of the sanctions imposed by the European Union”,— Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said.

On June 23, Germany raised the emergency warning level for gas to the second. He suggests that utilities will be able to sell gas to businesses and households at high prices in order to reduce demand.

After that, Peskov said that Russia is strictly fulfilling all its obligations to supply gas to Germany.

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Spiegel learned about Germany’s plans to nationalize part of Nord Stream 2

According to the publication, the plan is being developed by the German Ministry of Economy. It is assumed that the section running through the territory of Germany will be cut off from the main part of the gas pipeline and connected to the floating LNG terminal

The German Ministry of Economy is considering the possibility of nationalizing a fragment of Nord Stream— 2», which is located on the territory of the country, writes Spiegel.

After that, the German part will be cut off from the rest of the pipeline and can be connected to a floating LNG terminal, the publication explains. This section is already included in the country's gas transportation system, and it will be possible to supply gas to the south of Germany through it.

Spiegel also points to the shortcomings of such a plan. Firstly, it may take a long time to agree on changes: the territory along which the pipeline is laid is protected as part of the pan-European Natura 2000 network, and the requirements will be strict. There are also legal difficulties associated with the project operator— Swiss company Nord Stream 2 AG.

Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov declined to comment on the publication in the absence of official statements and specific actions.

Nord Stream — 2″ runs along the bottom of the Baltic Sea through the waters of Russia, Germany, Denmark, Finland and Sweden, it was completed last year. The German authorities suspended the certification of the project after Russia recognized the independence of the DPR and LPR. The US Treasury has sanctioned the pipeline operator and its chief executive, Matthias Warnig, freezing their assets and isolating them from the dollar system.

After that, Reuters, citing sources, reported that Nord Stream 2 AG is considering filing for bankruptcy. The company laid off 106 employees, but declined to confirm reports that bankruptcy proceedings have begun. In May, a court in Switzerland suspended the company's bankruptcy process until September 10, giving the Nord Stream operator 2″ temporary moratorium on payments to creditors. Transliq AG has been appointed interim manager.

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The head of “Gazprom” Alexey Miller said in June of this year that the gas pipeline is under pressure and gas can be delivered to Europe even now through it. The company redirected the project's unclaimed capacities to the north-west of Russia.

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Scholz called Germany’s mistake in relations with Russia

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz supported the policy of Angela Merkel in relations with Russia The current chancellor refused to condemn the policy of his predecessor Angela Merkel, noting that an attempt to negotiate peacefully could not be a mistake. Scholz considered it a mistake that Germany became dependent on Russian energy resources =”Scholz called Germany's mistake in relations with Russia” />

Angela Merkel and Olaf Scholz

Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel's policy towards Russia was not wrong, an attempt at peaceful coexistence cannot be, but Berlin's energy dependence from Moscow is a mistake, acting Prime Minister Olaf Scholz told DPA.

“An attempt at reconciliation can never be wrong, as well as an attempt to negotiate peacefully with each other. So I see myself closely next to my predecessor,»,— he said (quote from Welt).

According to him, a mistake has been made in the energy policy of Germany in recent years— Germany has become overly dependent on Russian energy resources, without creating the necessary infrastructure “so that in case of emergency it could quickly turn the situation around.” At the same time, Scholz refused to condemn Merkel's policy, saying: “I have always worked well with the former German chancellor and see no reason to question this in retrospect.”

Scholz also defends Merkel's decision to oppose Ukraine's NATO membership in 2008. Then she explained her position by the fact that only those countries in which the bloc is supported not only by politicians, but also by a significant percentage of the population should join the alliance. Later, Merkel said that Ukraine and Georgia, whose accelerated membership was decided at the summit, could become NATO members, but the time has not come yet.

“NATO membership criteria must be met by any state that wants to join an alliance. Ukraine's accession to NATO did not take place,” Scholz noted, stressing that President Vladimir Putin nevertheless justified the start of the military operation.

The dependence on Russian gas supplies and the country's ability to use this as leverage was warned in the United States as early as the 1980s. In 1981, the Reagan administration, in response to the introduction of martial law in Poland, tried to stop the construction of the main export gas pipeline Urengoy— Pomary— Uzhgorod, which was attended by European companies and banks. Washington imposed a ban on the supply of high-tech equipment from the United States to the USSR, and in 1982 tightened the embargo, banning the supply of products to foreign affiliates of American companies.

The European partners of the US refused to support these sanctions and declared them illegal. As a result of negotiations with representatives of European governments, on November 13, 1982, US President Ronald Reagan announced the lifting of the embargo on the supply of oil and gas equipment to the USSR.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Parallel imports: what goods can be imported from Turkey to bypass sanctions 4 More Types of Candidates HR Doesn't Like Super Mario Investment Principles p> The German authorities, after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine and the imposition of sanctions against Russia, including the supply of coal, oil, and so far only the ban on Russian gas under discussion, said that it was hard for the country to abandon energy resources from Russia. So, on June 13, Scholz, speaking at the EU summit in Brussels, said that the German government is doing everything possible to reduce dependence on Russian oil and gas as soon as possible, but there are “serious practical problems” with this.

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Germany decided to help export Ukrainian grain by rail

The German authorities are discussing the creation of a monetary fund to accelerate the export of Ukrainian grain by rail. The German government believes that in this way it will be possible to export only 10 million tons ” alt=”Germany decided to help export Ukrainian grain by rail” />

Germany intends to help with the accelerated export of Ukrainian grain to the EU by rail. Michael Theurer, commissioner of the German government for rail transportation, told Handelsblatt newspaper about this.

“We are doing everything possible to ensure that grain can be transported from Ukraine by rail to prevent global famine,”— he said.

According to the politician, the German authorities are considering the possibility of creating a fund for the purchase of new containers for grain. Also in Berlin, they allow the provision of assistance with terminals for reloading grain at the Ukrainian border. Theurer believes that out of 23 million tons of grain stored on the territory of Ukraine, 10 million will be able to be exported in this way. about 25 million tons of grain are blocked in the country, and by autumn this volume will increase to 75 million. According to him, Ukraine can export up to 10 million tons of agricultural products per month through ports, and by rail 2 million tons.

In May, the Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine Mykola Solsky said that due to the blockade of the country's seaports, 7 million tons of wheat, 14 million tons of corn grain, 3 million tons of sunflower oil and 3 million tons of sunflower cake did not enter the world market.

Ukraine accuses Russia of blocking courts. The authorities of the United States and a number of other countries believe that the Russian military operation has led to an aggravation of the food crisis. Moscow, in turn, claims that the reason for the blockade of grain supplies was “illegal actions”; West, which must be canceled to resume exports. The Russian authorities also claimed that Ukrainian ports and the water area near them were mined and merchant ships could be blown up.

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On June 12, Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine Dmitry Senik said that Kyiv had developed two routes for grain exports, they pass through Poland and Romania. “These routes are not ideal because they create certain congestion, but in the meantime we are doing our best to develop them,” — he told Reuters. According to Senik, Ukraine is also discussing the creation of a third corridor through the Baltic countries.

Russian President Vladimir Putin believes that the easiest way— export of Ukrainian grain through the territory of Belarus, and from there— to the Baltic ports, to the Baltic Sea, further & mdash; to anywhere in the world. Zelensky rejected this idea.

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What is known about the invasion of the Maybug in Germany?

The Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture of Germany is alarmed by the invasion of the Maybug. According to the statements of German farmers, the pests have already caused great damage to pastures and private plots.

According to the agrarheute.com portal, the pest infestation threshold has been exceeded in the country — more than 40 larvae per square meter. On pastures, the situation is aggravated by another factor. The dark side of success in protecting nature has made itself felt. Breeding wild boars, whose population has almost doubled over the past five years, are very fond of feasting on the larvae of the May beetle and, in search of this culinary delight, they literally plow the fields, massively damaging the herbage.

No less damage is done to private adjoining plots. The Ministry in a special release recommends unscheduled tillage to reduce the pest population. An emergency permit was also issued for the use of a biological product made from concentrated spores of a fungus that parasitizes adult insects and kills them in a few days. However, the use of this remedy, according to experts, is unlikely to give a quick desired result: the effectiveness of the drug is greatly reduced by direct sunlight.

Link to the source https://www.agrarheute.com 

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Welt learned that sanctions against Gazprom Germania will cost Germany €5 billion

According to Welt, this amount includes gas supplies at higher prices from new suppliers, after Russia imposed sanctions against former Gazprom subsidiaries. In addition to providing consumers, Berlin needs to fill storage

Russian sanctions against Gazprom Germania and subsidiaries under its control could cost German gas consumers an additional €5 billion a year, writes Welt am Sonntag, citing unnamed representatives industries.

The companies were “subsidiaries” of Russian “Gazprom”, however, the latter stopped participating in them on April 1. On May 11, Russia imposed sanctions against Gazprom Germania and a number of companies under its control. The next day, German Vice Chancellor, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habek announced that the former subsidiaries of Gazprom no longer receive gas. At the same time, he assured that the market will be able to compensate for the falling supplies.

Welt writes that the reorientation to other gas suppliers will create a strong burden on the federal budget, as gas will be purchased at higher prices. Since mid-May, a MWh of natural gas has cost Germany about €85 since mid-May, while the usual cost before the start of the Russian operation ranged from €20 to €30.

According to the authorities, the FRG, after the cessation of supplies to Gazprom Germania and its subsidiaries, an additional 10 million cubic meters of gas per day is needed, which will cost about €3.5 billion per year, the publication claims. The rest of the costs will be for filling the Rehden storage facility in Lower Saxony with gas. By October 1, it should be 80% full. According to Welt, filling can be very slow, so Berlin does not have time to wait for gas prices to drop, and the process should start now.

From October, a new surcharge will be established for gas consumers to compensate for increased costs , the newspaper clarifies.

The German Ministry of Economics and Climate Protection did not comment on possible additional spending on gas purchases, citing trade secrets.

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The head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Germany announced the threat of wiretapping of officials by Russia

The Federal Office for the Protection of the German Constitution draws the attention of politicians and civil servants to the risk of eavesdropping by the Russian special services, said the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Nancy Feser, Bild reports.

Such risks, according to the agency, exist in key areas, for example, in the government quarter. They pointed out that “the risk of eavesdropping and the risk of unauthorized data leakage are real and should not be underestimated.”

Feather said that Russia is waging a “hybrid war” and therefore Berlin is forced to act in order to defend itself. “That is why we expelled 40 people from the Russian embassy in Berlin whom we suspected of collaborating with the Russian special services,” — she explained.

The material is being supplemented.

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Germany says EU unity over sanctions against Russia is ‘collapsing’

The summit of the EU countries, where new sanctions against Russia will be discussed, will be held from May 30 to 31. According to the head of the German Finance Ministry, EU unity on sanctions against Moscow on the eve of the summit “begins to crumble”

Robert Habek

EU unity regarding sanctions against Russia “begins to crumble”; ahead of the summit, which will discuss the oil embargo and plans to reduce dependence on Russian energy. This was stated by the head of the German Ministry of Economics Robert Habeck, reports Reuters.

According to him, after the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine, “we saw what can happen when Europe is united.” “In view of tomorrow's summit, let's hope that this will continue. But this unity is already beginning to crumble, — he said.

Habek urged Germany to speak at the summit “with one voice” and not abstain from voting due to disagreements within the country's ruling coalition. He called for similar unity in other EU states.

Since the end of February, Russian companies, banks and citizens have been subject to Western sanctions: officials, parliamentarians, public figures, heads of state companies and journalists. In the last— the fifth package of sanctions— The EU has also banned coal imports and restricted freight.

Since May, the European Commission has been working on the sixth package of sanctions against Russia. Initially, it was planned to include a ban on the purchase of all Russian oil— both raw and purified, said the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. However, the package of measures could not be agreed upon, including due to the position of Hungary, which did not agree to abandon Russian oil.

On May 29, Bloomberg reported that the EU may provide for the exclusion of supplies via the Druzhba oil pipeline; from the sanctions package. “Such a compromise would buy Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban time to agree on the technical details of a gradual halt to pipeline supplies to his country,” publication indicated.

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In response to Western sanctions, the Russian authorities announced retaliatory measures, and the government developed and adopted a large-scale package of measures to support the economy. Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak previously warned that the rejection of Russian hydrocarbons threatens to collapse the gas and oil markets, since Russia is their largest supplier.

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Spiegel learned about the “stuck” negotiations between Germany and Poland on tanks

Spiegel: relations between Germany and Poland have escalated due to the supply of weapons to Ukraine In exchange for the tanks that Poland supplies to Ukraine, Warsaw expects to receive the latest Leopard tanks from Germany, its NATO partner, but Berlin has not yet done so, the newspaper notes

Relations between Germany and Poland have escalated due to protracted negotiations on the supply of weapons to Ukraine, writes Spiegel.

According to the publication, the negotiations of the countries on the exchange of arms “stuck”, as Warsaw asked to replace its tanks supplied to Ukraine, on the latest German Leopards, but Berlin still hasn't.

Poland has already transferred almost all of its 240 Soviet-made tanks to Ukraine, in connection with which the Polish authorities expect Germany to fill in the gaps with German equipment. However, unlike the Czech Republic, Poland does not want to be content with old German tanks, but demands the supply of modern models for service, including Leopard tanks.

Berlin cannot agree to such a deal, since the Bundestag itself does not have them in available, notes Spiegel. German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht acknowledged at a closed meeting on May 16 that she had almost no hope that Berlin could come to an agreement with Warsaw.

“There were promises from the Germans to strengthen our defenses, unfortunately, none of this was realized,” — said Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Szymon Szynkowski.

At the end of April, Polish Radio reported that Warsaw, as part of military assistance, transferred to Kyiv more than 200 Soviet T-72 tanks, as well as several dozen BMP. Prior to this, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki confirmed the transfer of tanks to Kyiv.

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Warsaw supplied Kyiv with approximately $1.59 billion worth of military equipment, including 2S1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzers; and Grad rocket launchers, the radio station reported. Poland also handed over air-to-air missiles air» for MiG-29 and Su-27 aircraft.

In return, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson promised to supply Poland with a Challenger 2 tank if it sends T-72 tanks to Ukraine.

Kyiv has repeatedly accused Germany of not supplying heavy weapons. Thus, Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk noted that Kyiv has the impression that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz does not want to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.

It looks as if Berlin is waiting for a truce and no longer need will make “bold decisions,” he added.

In late April, the lower house of the German parliament supported a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. However, Scholz said that Berlin would not supply Western-made battle tanks to Kyiv until the United States and other allies did so.

Russia strongly opposes the supply of weapons to Ukraine, Moscow has repeatedly said that convoys with such equipment will be considered legitimate targets.

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Scholz said that Russia forced Germany to supply weapons to Ukraine

Germany is helping Ukraine as Russian President Putin has “endangered peace in Europe,” German Chancellor Scholz stressed

Olaf Scholz

Russia leaves Germany no choice but to supply weapons to Ukraine. This was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz at the congress of the Association of German Trade Unions, M & uuml; nchner Merkur reports.

“[Russian President Vladimir] Putin leaves us no other choice,” he said. According to Scholz, the Russian leader endangered peace in Europe, so Berlin is helping Kyiv.

The German chancellor stressed that Putin violated the principle of inviolability of borders in Europe “for his revanchist project of creating a Russian empire.” If Berlin had accepted this, it would have strengthened Moscow even more, Scholz concluded.

The day before, the German Chancellor assured that the country would not make any decisions in which NATO would take part in the conflict in Ukraine.

At the end of April, the lower house of the German parliament supported by a majority a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.

However, Scholz felt that Berlin should not make hasty decisions to send heavy weapons to Ukraine. He noted that Germany will not supply Western-made battle tanks to Kyiv until the United States and allies do so.

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Also, the Chancellor's policy on this issue was criticized by the Ambassador of Ukraine Andriy Melnyk. So, he considered that Germany made a decision too late to transfer Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (ZSU) to Kyiv.

By the end of April, Germany delivered 2.5 thousand anti-aircraft missiles to Ukraine, 900 anti-tank grenade launchers with 3,000 rounds of ammunition, 100 machine guns and 15 bunker launchers with 50 rockets, 100,000 hand grenades, 2,000 mines and over 16 million rounds of ammunition.

Russia has repeatedly warned Western countries that convoys with such cargoes on the territory of Ukraine will become legitimate targets for the Russian military.

Speaking at the Victory Parade on May 9, Putin called the operation in Ukraine the only way to forestall aggression against his own territory and recalled that Moscow offered Washington and NATO to agree on security guarantees.

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Reuters reported on the preparation of Germany’s plan in the event of a Russian shutdown of gas

It may include gas consumption rationing, primarily for households, as well as economic support measures for enterprises, including loans and guarantees

Germany is developing an action plan that it will implement if Russia suddenly decides to cut off gas supplies, Reuters reports, citing sources.

As one of the possible measures, the rationing of gas consumption is called, and the first may be obliged to limit the use of gas by households, and not industry, the agency writes. According to him, this will mean a change in the current policy, according to which in such cases enterprises are the first to be subject to restrictions.

Reuters sources also say that Berlin will support the provision of additional loans and guarantees to companies involved in the energy sector in order to support them in the face of rising prices. In addition, the government can “take under the wing” critical companies such as oil refineries.

Germany is approaching the limit of the sanctions it can impose without sending its economy into a spiral fall, the sources said. According to them, even those members of the ruling coalition who support sanctions pressure on Russia are afraid to impose a ban on gas supplies.

According to one of the sources, the heads of the largest companies in the German industrial sector asked the government not to refuse gas from Russia. Another interlocutor clarified that the business assured the country's leadership that it would independently reduce ties with Russia, but asked “not to force it to do it immediately.”

In late March, Germany introduced the first of three levels of the warning regime gas emergency. It involves the maximum reduction of gas consumption and monitoring the situation on the gas market.

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The first level of the emergency warning regime is introduced if there are signs of a future deterioration in the gas supply situation. If they are implemented, a second level is introduced. The third level is introduced in case of a significant disruption of gas supply. In this case, the government takes measures to provide gas to citizens, hospitals, fire services and the police.

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Germany warns of worst famine since World War II

German Minister Schulze warns of the worst famine since World War II The world is facing “the worst famine since World War II” due to drought, the coronavirus pandemic and the conflict in Ukraine

The drought, the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, and the fighting in Ukraine threaten to exacerbate the situation of hunger around the world. This was stated in an interview with Bild by the Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, Svenja Schulze. According to her, food prices around the world have risen by a third and are at a record level.

“The World Food Program estimates that 300 million people in the world suffer from hunger, and these estimates are constantly adjusted upwards. The bitter news is that we are facing the worst famine since the Second World War with millions of deaths, — she said.

Since the beginning of the conflict in Ukraine, world food and fertilizer prices have risen by an order of magnitude. So, in March, food prices rose by 12.6%, to 159.3 points, which was a record for almost 30 years— since 1990, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This dynamics was the result of a significant rise in prices for vegetable oils (by 23.2% in March versus February) and grain crops (by 17.1%).

Russia and Ukraine— one of the largest suppliers of grain in the world, follows from the data of the foreign agricultural service of the US Department of Agriculture. In the 2021/22 season, which began in July, Russia accounted for 16% of world wheat exports, Ukraine— 10%.

According to the FAO, almost 50 countries depend on food supplies from Russia and Ukraine, which provide at least 30% of their wheat import needs with their help.

Earlier, UN Secretary-General António Guterres also warned that the world could face a food crisis. He called for the return of fertilizers and products from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to world markets.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky warned in late March of the risk of food shortages. He pointed out that the current situation hinders the sowing campaign. “The most terrible will be the famine that is approaching for different countries,” — he emphasized.

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Welt reported that Germany did not have ammunition for the tanks promised to Kyiv

According to the publication, the supply of ZSU “Gepard” to Ukraine was suspended on May 3, after the authorities were unable to obtain “suitable ammunition”

Delivery of German Gepard tanks promised to Ukraine; was suspended due to lack of necessary ammunition. This is reported by Welt, citing sources in the Ukrainian government.

According to the interlocutors of the publication, the supply of “Cheetahs” postponed indefinitely after the German authorities failed to obtain “suitable ammunition for the tank” on 3 May.

Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft gun; (or “air defense tank Cheetah”) was developed in 1963 on the basis of the main German tank “Leopard-1”. In 1973, the car was put into service and entered mass production.

“Cheetah” armed with two 35-mm cannons with an effective firing range of 5.5 thousand km. Also, blocks of smoke grenade launchers are installed on both sides of the tower. In total, about 570 SPAAGs of this type were produced.

Before the start of the Russian military operation, Germany refused to transfer weapons to Ukraine, but then changed its position. On February 26, Berlin decided to transfer 1,000 Panzerfaust anti-tank missiles and 500 Stinger missiles to Kyiv. In addition, the German authorities approved the transfer of 400 German-made anti-tank guns from the Netherlands and nine D-30 howitzers and ammunition from Estonia.

On April 26, the three ruling parties in Germany submitted a draft statement calling on the government to ” ;expanding the supply of heavy weapons and complex systems, for example through a circular exchange, without jeopardizing Germany's ability to defend the alliance (NATO).

On the same day, the head of the German Ministry of Defense, Christine Lambrecht, announced the decision to supply Ukraine with 50 Gepard-type anti-aircraft self-propelled guns. She also spoke in favor of training Ukrainian instructors. The Bundestag approved the delivery of heavy weapons to Ukraine on April 28. The corresponding statement was supported by 586 deputies out of 693 who voted, 100 voted “against”, seven abstained.

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Germany sues Italy at UN over Nazi damage dispute

In its lawsuit, Germany claims that Rome will continue to allow victims of Nazi war crimes to submit compensation requests from Berlin, even though the International Court of Justice ruled in 2012 that it was illegal

Germany filed to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Italy due to disputes over compensation for damage caused by the Nazis during World War II, the court said.

“Germany <…> filed an international case against Italy because it (Italy) allegedly failed to respect its (Germany's) jurisdictional immunity as a sovereign state,— The report said.

Germany refers to a 2012 court decision proving that the country has legal immunity from claims in foreign courts from victims of Nazism. However, according to the ruling of the Italian constitutional court of 2014, the obligation to follow the judgment of 2012 depends on the principle of legal protection of fundamental rights in accordance with the constitutional law of the country.

Berlin noted that “the Italian national courts since 2012 have considered a significant number of new claims against Germany in violation of the sovereign immunity of Germany.” In 2014, at least 15 litigation decisions were made regarding claims against Germany due to the “behavior of the German Reich during World War II”, the German lawsuit says.

“In its request, Germany asks the court, in particular, to oblige Italy to guarantee that the German property mentioned in the application will not be put up for public auction until the court decides,” — says in the document. In addition, Berlin wants Rome to give a guarantee to put an end to litigation and fully compensate for the damage already done. axis”, which also included Germany and Japan.

Mussolini was arrested in July 1943, after which the new Italian government concluded a truce with the United States and Great Britain, and also declared war on Germany.

Berlin capitulated on May 9, 1945 at 0:43 Moscow time.

<

Read on RBC Pro Pro You can't do this in a crisis: five ways to derail sales Articles Pro What 5 questions you need to ask an employer at an interview We reflect the attack in the social network Instructions Pro Inflation in Russia shows records. What to Expect Next Pro Articles Enterprise IT Infrastructure Security at Risk: Three Solutions Instructions Pro Bird Flu Ramps in the US and EU: What It Means for the Global Economy Articles Pro Dangerous Language: What Words an Employer Can Be Fined forEarlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on fines for identifying the USSR and Nazi Germany. The norms provide for liability for violating the prohibition on public identification of “goals, decisions and actions”; leadership and military of the USSR and Nazi Germany, as well as the Axis countries; during World War II. A fine will also be imposed for denying the decisive role of the Soviet people in the victory over Germany.

For the first violation, citizens will receive a fine of 1,000 to 2,000 rubles. or arrest for up to 15 days, officials— a fine in the amount of 2 thousand to 4 thousand rubles, legal entity— from 10 thousand to 50 thousand rubles. In the event of a repeated offense, the amount of the fine will increase, and legal entities may face suspension of activities for up to 90 days.

Prohibition on equating the goals and ideas of the USSR and Germany in World War II “in a public speech, publicly shown work, Mass media or when posting information using the Internet» was introduced on July 1, 2021.

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Kyiv angered Germany’s position on military supplies

Berlin explains the delay in sending tanks to Ukraine

While the Kiev authorities are practically banging their fists on the West for more and more arms supplies, Germany is in no hurry to send armored vehicles to Ukraine. According to the head of the German Foreign Ministry, Berlin will allocate funds to Kiev for the purchase of weapons, since the Bundeswehr has “run out” of military equipment, Annalena Burbock said.

Photo: Global Look Press

Germany's foreign minister insists there is “no taboo” in Berlin to send armored vehicles to Ukraine, while the German government defends itself against domestic and foreign criticism that the delay in allowing heavy weapons to be delivered undermines Western unity , writes The Guardian.

Berlin does not exclude the supply of tanks to Ukraine, “even if it may sound like that in the German debate,” Annalena Burbock said at a joint press conference in Riga with Latvian Foreign Minister Edgars Rinkevics.

However, since the German army has run out of military equipment that the Bundeswehr can quickly send without undermining its own security obligations, the German foreign minister said that her government has instead agreed to an exchange system through which it will help fill gaps in the arsenals of NATO countries and G7 countries that are able to help Ukraine faster.

“We support partners who can deliver weapons quickly and guarantee replacements,” Burbock said at the start of her three-day tour of the Baltic countries.

At a press conference on Tuesday evening, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz confirmed that his government plans to support Kyiv with money, but not by sending tanks or armored vehicles from its own reserves.

“We asked the German military industry to tell us what materials they can supply in the short term,” Scholz said. “Ukraine has now made a choice from this list, and we will provide it with the necessary money for the purchase.” According to him, the list of materials included anti-tank weapons, anti-aircraft systems and ammunition “that can be used in artillery combat.”

But Ukrainian authorities complain that Scholz’s list does not include heavy weapons (such as an artillery system Panzerhaubitze 2000), which would allow Kyiv forces to launch a counteroffensive against Russian troops in the Donbass region.

Ukrainian Ambassador to Berlin Andriy Melnik said that the lack of direct material support for Scholz was perceived in Kyiv “with great disappointment and bitterness.”

After the start of the Russian operation in Ukraine, Olaf Scholz announced a “epoch-making change” in Germany's position in regarding arms exports and military spending. But critics in Europe and Germany say the social democratic chancellor has failed to back up his rhetoric with the firm steps needed to send a signal to the Kremlin and reassure NATO allies that Germany has moved away from its policy of rapprochement with Russia.

Berlin has already blocked European requests for an immediate embargo on energy imports from Russia, saying it will not be able to phase out Russian oil before the end of the year and Russian gas before mid-2024 without destabilizing its economy.

As The Guardian notes, this week several other NATO states have stated more clearly than Germany that they are ready to send heavy weapons to Ukraine. Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte announced on Tuesday that his country would supply heavy equipment, including armored vehicles, while a Pentagon official said on Monday that the first installments of its $800 million US aid tranche in the form of helicopters, howitzers and SUVs Humvees have already arrived in Ukraine.

German Foreign Minister Burbock said on Wednesday that Germany had in the past chosen not to release details of all the weapons it had sent to support Ukraine, adding that the government could help Kiev support more advanced weapons systems and train soldiers in their use.

“We delivered anti-tank missiles, Stingers and other things that were never talked about publicly, so these deliveries could happen quickly,” said the German foreign minister .

Germany is more likely to support Ukraine's defensive efforts in the long term than in the short term, Burbock said. “We are talking about the next three months and the next three years. This is where Germany can make a bigger contribution.”

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Germany increased military spending by €2 billion to help Ukraine

According to ARD, Ukraine will receive more than half of these funds, another €400 million will be sent to other countries

Olaf Scholz

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz intends to allocate €2 billion for additional military assistance, more than 1 billion will be sent to Ukraine, the German TV channel ARD reported. German Finance Minister Christian Lindner confirmed the information on Twitter.

“The media reports are correct: the budget amendments provide for an increase in additional military assistance by €2 billion. The funds will go mainly in favor of Ukraine. The Chancellor demanded this a long time ago, — Lindner wrote.

According to ARD, another €400 million of the allocated amount is intended for the European Peace Fund, which also buys weapons for Ukraine, and another €400 million will be sent to other countries. The TV channel does not specify what exactly it is.

Earlier, Germany refused to supply weapons to Ukraine and promised to provide Kiev with only economic support. On February 22, Scholz called this position of the FRG “unchanged”. However, with the start of the Russian special operation, Berlin reconsidered its attitude to the issue.

Already on February 26, the chancellor announced that the FRG would send weapons to Ukraine, including 1,000 anti-tank guns and 500 Stinger missiles. In addition, the German authorities approved the transfer of 400 German-made anti-tank guns from the Netherlands and 9 D-30 howitzers and ammunition from Estonia.

Later, the German agency DPA, citing sources, reported that Germany had transferred to Ukraine 1,500 Strela portable anti-aircraft missile systems, 100 MG3 machine guns, and 8 million cartridges for firearms. It also became known about Berlin's intention to supply Kiev with 2,000 Panzerfaust anti-tank missiles.

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The head of the Ministry of Transport of Germany ruled out limiting the number of Ukrainian refugees

At the same time, the minister noted that the number of Ukrainians arriving in Germany from Poland by train has decreased by more than three times compared to the peak at the beginning of hostilities

Germany will not limit the number of Ukrainian refugees arriving in the country, the Minister of Transport and digital infrastructure of Germany Volker Wissing in an interview with RND.

“Such a question is not worth it. Germany cannot and will not refuse refugees from Ukraine, — he said, answering the relevant question.

According to him, at the peak, about 120 thousand Ukrainians fled to Poland every day, and Warsaw alone received more than 300 thousand refugees. From Poland to Germany by train they get through Hannover, Cottbus and Berlin. Now the number of Ukrainians arriving in Germany by trains has decreased compared to the peak at the beginning of hostilities from about 8.2 thousand to 2.5 thousand people a day, he specified.

According to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, as of April 8, since the beginning of the military operation, more than 4.3 million Ukrainians have left the country, another 7.1 million have been forced to leave their homes and move to other regions. Most came to Poland— more than 2.5 million people since the beginning of the Russian military operation.

On February 24, Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine with the aim of “demilitarizing” and “denazification”. The Ministry of Defense claims that they strike only at military targets.

In mid-March, the Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs announced a request from Germany to suspend the departure of trains with refugees from the country. Later, German and Polish interior ministers Nancy Feser and Mariusz Kaminsky asked the European Commission to review the distribution of refugees by country and provide additional financial assistance to Berlin and Warsaw, pointing to insufficient resources to cope with the influx of people. Feser and Kaminsky, in particular, proposed that the EC pay €1,000 at a time from EU funds to each arriving refugee.

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Germany will allocate 2 billion euros to support Ukrainian refugees

photo pixabay.com

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, following a meeting with the heads of government of the federal states, announced the allocation of two billion euros during 2022 to support Ukrainian refugees.

According to him, 500 million of this amount will be sent to local authorities for additional expenses related to the accommodation of refugees.

As for financial support measures for 2023, Stolz noted that they will be considered no later than November of this year.

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Scholz says Germany will stop coal imports from Russia in 120 days

Scholz: Germany should stop importing Russian coal within a transitional period of 120 days ” alt=”Scholz said Germany will stop importing coal from Russia in 120 days” />

Germany is using a transitional period of 120 days to completely stop importing coal from Russia. This was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, reports Reuters.

He also called the fifth package of European Union sanctions “a big decisive next step.”

Earlier, on April 7, the permanent representatives of the EU countries agreed on the fifth package of anti-Russian sanctions. It includes a complete embargo on Russian coal imports. Imports of Russian gas, oil and nuclear fuel were not affected by the new restrictive measures.

French television channel BFMTV reported that Russian coal imports to the EU amounted to 45% of the total.

Prior to this, MEPs called on the EU to impose an embargo on the supply of Russian gas, oil, coal and nuclear fuel. However, the resolution of the European Parliament is advisory in nature.

In addition, the new sanctions package provides for the freezing of assets of several Russian banks, an embargo on arms supplies to Russia,

a ban on Russian-flagged ships from entering EU ports.

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Times learned about Britain’s plans to urge Germany to tighten sanctions against Russia

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson will call on German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to tighten sanctions on Russia, writes the Times. On April 8, Scholz will visit London for the first time since his appointment and meet with Johnson. in sanctions against Russia amid concerns that Germany, the United States and France could push Ukraine to conclude a peace treaty as soon as possible, according to the Times.

On Friday, April 8, Scholz will arrive in London on an official visit for the first time since since his appointment as chancellor last year. During it, he will meet with Johnson, recalls the publication.

“The Prime Minister is expected to advise him to increase diplomatic, economic and military pressure on Russia,” — writes the Times.

On April 1, the publication, citing a high-ranking source in the British government, wrote that the UK was concerned that Germany, France and the United States would push Ukraine to conclude a peace treaty with Russia as soon as possible. The source told the Times that the government fears that these countries could push Kyiv to make significant concessions on territory, sanctions and “pursuit of [Russian President Vladimir] Putin as a potential war criminal.”

In London, they believe that Kiev should not rush to a peace agreement, but should achieve the most advantageous position militarily.

Earlier, Johnson announced tougher sanctions against Russia due to the situation in Bucha, as well as an increase in humanitarian and military assistance to Ukraine. German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock said that the European Union, for the same reason, would tighten sanctions against Russia and increase assistance to Kiev in defense matters.

On the night of April 3, photos and videos from Bucha began to appear on the Web, depicting corpses&mdash ; Reuters wrote that these are the bodies of civilians. The Russian Ministry of Defense called these materials a staging and a provocation, saying that Russian troops left the city on March 30, and during their stay in Bucha “not a single local resident was harmed.”

The EU, the UK, the US and some other states have already introduced several packages of anti-Russian sanctions after the start of the military operation in Ukraine. These restrictions affected aviation, the military industry, business, banking; personal restrictions were imposed on Russian politicians and businessmen.

Источник rbc.ru

Bild learned about Germany’s preparations for the expulsion of 100 Russian diplomats

Earlier, the Süddeutsche Zeitung

Germany may expel up to 100 Russian diplomats this week, the Bild newspaper writes.

Chancellor Olaf Scholz instructed to study the issue of the expulsion of Russian diplomats, the publication clarified.

RBC sent a request to the press service of the Russian Embassy in Germany.

On April 1, S & uuml; ddeutsche Zeitung wrote about the possible expulsion of 20 diplomats due to cooperation with the special services. According to the publication, the political director of the German Foreign Ministry, Tjorven Bellman, spoke with colleagues from the G7 countries about a “package of decisions” that could include the withdrawal of accreditations from employees of the Russian embassy. The issue was discussed by the Chancellery, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, but the government doubted whether there was any point in expulsion.

Western countries began to actively expel Russian diplomats against the backdrop of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. Among them were Slovakia, Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and North Macedonia.

Poland expelled 45 Russian employees and froze the embassy's accounts. The Netherlands decided to expel 17 Russians. The Belgian authorities expelled 21 diplomats from the consulate in Antwerp and the embassy in Brussels, Ireland refused the work of four Russian employees, the Czech Republic— from one.

The Russian Foreign Ministry promised to take retaliatory measures and has already expelled diplomats from Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania. The accounts of the Polish embassy in Moscow were frozen.

Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova called the series of expulsions an attempt to punish Russia politically. “We are well aware that <…> this is a demonstrative position of the collective West, accusing us of creating a crisis, — Zakharova said. According to her, Russia was unable to counteract information and political attacks in these countries.

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Germany warned about the consequences of the ban on gas imports from Russia

The head of the industry of Germany: the embargo on Russian gas will lead to the collapse of German production In the event of a gas embargo in Germany, German industry could collapse, warned the head of the Federal Union of German Industry This was stated by the President of the Federal Association of German Industry (BDI) Siegfried Russwurm on the ZDF TV channel.

“[In the event of a gas embargo] we are talking about the collapse of our industry, which saved us during the coronavirus pandemic,” — he said.

On the eve of the head of the petrochemical concern BASF Martin Brudermüller said that it would be “irresponsible” to impose an embargo on energy supplies from Russia; in relation to Germany, as this will lead to an unprecedented economic crisis in the country.

According to him, this could endanger the existence of many small and medium-sized companies in the country. “Are we open-eyed and want to destroy our entire economy? Everything we've created in decades?»— he asked.

Against the backdrop of anti-Russian sanctions, Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed to transfer gas payments into rubles for unfriendly countries from April 1. This list includes Germany. Putin noted that those who refuse to pay for gas in rubles will be considered as non-payers “with all the ensuing consequences.”

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said that Berlin intends to continue paying for Russian gas in euros, not in rubles. “We studied the contracts. They say that you need to pay in euros. During the conversation, I explained to the President of Russia that this is how it should be and how it will be, — he said.

Nevertheless, the Russian side later clarified that in order to pay for gas, Western companies must open ruble and foreign currency accounts with Gazprombank. Payment is made by transferring euros or dollars to a foreign currency account. After that, the bank sells this currency on the Moscow Exchange and credits the received rubles to the buyer's ruble account— from that moment on, payment is considered completed.

The Baltic countries insist on a ban on energy imports from Russia, Reuters sources previously reported. According to the agency, Germany warns partners against making quick decisions due to high energy prices in Europe.

Earlier, Hamburg Mayor Peter Chenner warned that the embargo on the supply of Russian energy would lead to the fact that the city, and the entire economy of the country will face significant production losses. “We should not help anyone by provoking poverty and want in the FRG if we are not sure that this will really have an impact on Russia,” — he added.

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The Ukrainian ambassador refused to listen to music with the President of Germany

According to Spiegel, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier urged all Germans to prepare for “hard days” because of the situation around Ukraine . In particular, he noted that solidarity with the Ukrainian people would be needed “for a long time.”

The German politician also expressed confidence that Western sanctions imposed against Russia would result in economic losses for Berlin as well.

As the publication clarifies, Steinmeier made such statements before the concert of classical music “For Freedom and Peace”.

Ambassador of Ukraine to Germany Andriy Melnyk was also invited to this concert. However, the diplomat said that he refuses to take part in this event, which was organized by the German authorities.

“Only Russian soloists, no Ukrainians. Insult. Sorry, I will stay away,” Melnik explained his act in Twitter.

Источник www.mk.ru

Germany plans to halve Russian oil imports by summer

By the end of the year, according to Berlin's plan, Germany will become completely independent of Russian oil. Renunciation of Russian gas will be more difficult and longer, the process is planned to be completed in 2024 .jpg” alt=”Germany plans to halve Russian oil imports by summer” />

Germany expects to halve Russian oil imports by summer, and become independent of fuel supplies from Russia by winter, writes Spiegel with reference to the memorandum of Vice-Chancellor, Minister of Economy Robert Habek.

In the coming months, it is planned to reduce dependence on Russian oil by 25%, by the middle of the year— by 50%. “By the end of the year, we will strive to become practically independent,” — says the document.

In general, it says that Germany is rapidly reducing its energy dependence on Russia and expanding the geography of supplies. As for gas, Berlin hopes to achieve almost complete independence from Russian fuel by the summer of 2024, says Habek (Russia's share in this case will be 10% of the total supply).

Now 40% of gas comes from Russia bought by Germany. By the end of the year, this share could be reduced to 30%, but for this it is necessary to increase the production of hydrogen and the massive distribution of renewable energy sources, the Vice Chancellor believes.

To achieve these goals, Berlin is negotiating the lease of floating terminals and regasification facilities that can receive LNG and convert it into a gaseous form. In his note, Habek indicates that the government is now exploring the possibility of placing floating terminals in the North and Baltic seas. In this case, they can be used already next winter.

At the beginning of the week, Reuters, citing sources, reported that the European Union was preparing a fifth package of sanctions against Russia, including discussing the possibility of imposing an embargo on Russian oil. According to the agency, Lithuania insists on an oil embargo. Germany warns against quick action due to high energy prices in Europe.

On March 10, the European Commission presented a draft plan for an accelerated phase-out of Russian energy sources. It says that Europeans should strive to diversify their suppliers by increasing the volume of imported LNG, as well as increasing the production and import of biomethane and “clean” gas. hydrogen. There is also a need to rapidly move away from fossil fuels for heating homes and industries. If the EC plan succeeds, the EU's dependence on Russian gas could be reduced by two-thirds by the end of 2022.

Russia believes that Europe will have nothing to replace Russian gas in the coming years. “Judge for yourself: as for the gas industry, we supply about 200 billion cubic meters. m of gas with Europe's consumption of 500 billion cubic meters— almost 60% of exports. There is definitely nothing to replace this in one year, or in three, or in five years, — explained Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak. In his opinion, the EU's complete rejection of Russian energy carriers— this is an “apocalyptic scenario”.

Commenting on Europe's plans to refuse Russian oil supplies, Novak warned that in this case, world prices could jump to $300 per barrel.

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Germany announced the start of gas purchases bypassing Russia

Chancellor Scholz informed the media.

Media reports that Germany announced the start of gas purchases bypassing Russia. At the same time, it is indicated that Russian energy supplies have not stopped.

This became known from the words of German Chancellor Olaf Scholz.

In an interview with the ZDF television channel, he said that “ not as naive” as it might seem.

According to Scholz, even before the certification of “Nord Stream – 2″ the German authorities took care of a fallback.

Thus, the chancellor explained that they were ready for difficulties, and they imposed sanctions already knowing that they could” buy gas somewhere else.

“We have done this and are doing it further”, Scholz said.

He clarified that Germany still receives fuel from Russia, including gas, oil and coal.

Recall, as Topnews reported, on February 22, the German side stopped the certification of the Russian-German gas pipeline & # 8220; Nord Stream-2 & #8221;.

Источник topnews.ru

The head of the Ministry of Finance of Germany announced the almost complete blockade of Russian banks

German companies can make transactions with Russian banks only if they relate to gas supplies, the German finance minister said. According to him, the EU sanctions mean an almost complete blockade of Russian banks. u003d “The head of the German Finance Ministry announced an almost complete blockade of Russian banks” />

The work of Russian banks is almost completely blocked by EU sanctions due to Russia's military operation in Ukraine, transactions of German companies with Russia are practically stopped, said the Minister of Finance Germany Christian Lindner. The video was posted on Twitter by the German Ministry of Finance.

“There is already a complete blockade of Russian banks. Thus, business traffic with Russian enterprises is practically blocked. In some cases, transactions are still possible. For example, to pay for gas supplies, so that German enterprises can make transfers to their “daughters” in Russia»,— Lindner said.

According to him, further sanctions steps are possible, during the negotiations all possible steps are considered. “But you need to think about their impact, so that the consequences come specifically for the Russian economy,” — added by the minister.

The material is being supplemented

Источник rbc.ru

Germany declares that the Budapest Memorandum has no legal force

German Ambassador to Ukraine: Budapest Memorandum Has No Legal Obligations Earlier that day, Zelensky called for a summit of countries participating in the Budapest Memorandum, which provided for Ukraine's renunciation of nuclear weapons. If the summit does not take place, Kiev may invalidate the document

The Budapest Memorandum, according to which the three nuclear powers act as guarantors of the territorial integrity of Ukraine, has no legal obligations. This was stated by the German Ambassador to Kiev, Anka Feldhusen, reports 24tv.ua.

«Budapest Memorandum— it is indeed a format without legal obligations under international law. But I think that now we need to try everything to avoid war, — she said.

At the same time, the diplomat noted that there is still a chance for a diplomatic settlement, since in recent months US President Joe Biden has spoken to Russian President Vladimir Putin “more often than previous heads of state in 10 years.” .

Earlier that day, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, speaking at the Munich Conference, announced his intention to convene a summit of countries— participants in the Budapest Memorandum, which provided for its renunciation of nuclear weapons. At the same time, the head of state stressed that “if it [the summit] does not take place or does not provide security guarantees to Ukraine, then [the memorandum] will be recognized by Kiev as invalid along with the clauses signed in 1994.”

The Budapest Memorandum, signed on December 5, 1994 by Great Britain, Russia, the United States and Ukraine, provided guarantees for the security and territorial integrity of Ukraine in exchange for Kiev's renunciation of nuclear weapons. The document entered into force in connection with Ukraine's accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. In connection with the removal of nuclear weapons from the territory of Ukraine, the states that signed the treaty assumed obligations to respect the sovereignty of Ukraine and refrain from using force against it.

After Crimea became part of Russia, the Ukrainian authorities already suggested referring to this document. In 2016, attract the countries— the signatories of the Budapest Memorandum were proposed to the negotiation process by the President of the country, Petro Poroshenko. In April 2019, Oleksandr Turchynov, then Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council (NSDC), said that “nuclear disarmament was a historical mistake.” Ukraine. “The security guarantees given to us aren't even worth the paper they were written on,” — said Turchynov.

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Palaces of Nazarbayevs discovered in Germany

Photo of Bühlerhöhe hotel.

The German media company Deutsche Welle, whose office was closed in Moscow, conducted an investigation, during which it discovered that the daughter and son-in-law of the first president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, invested more than one hundred million dollars in the purchase of luxurious palaces in Germany.

The material notes that one of the palaces is the Seelach estate in the elite German resort of Baden-Baden. In the 19th century, this building was the residence of the famous Russian diplomat, Privy Councilor Mikhail Khreptovich. At the same time, the newspaper notes, the aristocrat did not even dream about how the building is furnished now. Frescoes, luxurious chandeliers, ceilings made of precious woods, skillful stucco molding – the interior decoration of the Seelah Palace. And on the territory, the new owners set up a landscaped park with fountains, and under it they equipped a luxurious spa area of ​​a thousand square meters.

In addition to the Zeelach estate, Kazakhs own, as DW found out, three more properties in the region. Among these properties are the historic villa of the famous architect Gustav Stroh and the Bühlerhöhe Castle Hotel, a monument of national importance, where Chancellor Konrad Adenauer also stays.

DW found out that the owners of this property are Dinara Kulibayeva, the middle daughter of the former President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayeva and her husband Timur Kulibayev.

Источник www.mk.ru

Telegram could be fined 55 million euros in Germany

The German authorities may impose a fine on Telegram in the amount of 55 million euros if legal measures are taken against the organization, according to Süddeutsche Zeitung , citing a representative of the country's Ministry of Justice.

Recall that two investigations have been launched against Telegram in Germany. The first relates to the lack of “easily recognizable and direct ways to report illegal content”, the second is due to the lack of an authorized representative of the company in the country.

According to the publication, the maximum fine in these cases can be 55 million euros . It is clarified that violation of the rules on the publication of objectionable content implies a fine of up to 50 million euros, and the absence of an authorized representative implies a penalty of up to five million euros.

Earlier, German Interior Minister Nancy Feser said that the agency had the first conversation with the management of Telegram about cooperation. According to her, the parties agreed to continue the exchange of views.

Источник aif.ru