“Student cities”. How to increase the prestige of Russian education?

Is it the case in the ratings?

From within Russia it seems that our universities are the best, because the world famous scientists, designers, engineers came from there. What is the situation with their international competitiveness? Let's turn to three authoritative global rankings: ARWU, QS and THE.

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), called the Shanghai Ranking, has been analyzing the scientific and educational activities of 1200 universities in the world since 2003, annually highlighting the 500 best. Traditionally, it is dominated by Harvard, Stanford, Princeton and other US universities, as well as Cambridge and Oxford universities in the UK.

Only one Russian university is included in the top 100 of this rating: Moscow State University. Lomonosov, who took 93rd place in 2020. St. Petersburg State University is traditionally included in the fourth hundred universities, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology & mdash; in the fifth. Novosibirsk State University, alas, has moved from the fifth hundred to the sixth. Another 7 Russian universities are in much lower positions.

The Times Higher Education 2022 (THE) ranked 60 Russian universities. But they, with the exception of Moscow State University. Lomonosov, who has the 158th position, is occupied by lines below two hundred. And in the top 10, again, American and British universities flaunt.

48 universities in Russia are included in the QS World University Rankings 2021/2022, of which the most recognized is again Moscow State University (78th place). The rest are still far behind.

The participation of Russian universities in global rankings is very useful, since it allows them to catch up with the world criteria for the quality of education and science. This is noticeable in the updated list of the same QS “ Developing Europe and Central Asia '', in which there are 121 Russian universities out of 400, with the first and third positions in Moscow State University and St. of which Russia is in the top ten countries in terms of the number of universities and is represented by 40 universities.

Foreigners in Russian universities

It is on the global rankings that parents of future students are guided when choosing a place for their children to receive higher education. By the way, Russia, according to the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, is one of the six leading countries in world student mobility. & Nbsp;

In other words, Russian universities are quite attractive for foreign students. Their number increased from the 2010 academic year to 2019 from 153 thousand people to 297.9 thousand, and by 2024, according to the passport of the Education national project, it should increase to 425 thousand. free of charge (at the expense of the Russian budget), in 2021 only 18 thousand foreign students study.

There are about 700 universities in Russia that accept all students from abroad. But most of the foreign citizens are concentrated in Kazan Federal University, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow Financial and Industrial University “ Synergy '', Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University and NRU Higher School of Economics.

In the universities of the Central Federal District, 34.2% of the total number of foreign students study, in the Volga Federal District – & mdash; 17.9%, in the Siberian Federal District & mdash; 14.2%.

What measures should be taken to strengthen the position of our country in the world market of educational services, as well as to increase the contribution of the higher education system to the economic potential of Russia?

Benefits in exchange for future income

Project author Dmitry Davydov is sure that in Russia it is possible to “ create an educational environment that will become one of the most attractive and competitive in the world . & nbsp; The project '20 ideas for the development of Russia' he has formulated a number of suggestions, the implementation of which will ensure this.

One of them is & mdash; to introduce tax breaks for a period of 30 years for Russian and foreign universities opening in specially designated “ student cities '', with the exception of places where universities included in the world rankings of top universities are located.

First of all, Dmitry Davydov proposes to establish zero rates for all types of taxes related to the educational activities of such universities: on property, land, salaries and incomes of academic and administrative personnel. The main condition for the application of 30-year 'tax holidays' & mdash; turnover received from the training of foreign citizens. Also, according to the initiator, it is necessary to “ determine the financial threshold that will allow maintaining the existing market of educational services. ''

'Student cities' it makes sense to create in three or four regions that are in dire need of an inflow of investments. New universities and their branches can be opened there. This will stop the outflow of young people to megacities.

Given serious benefits, foreign educational institutions will certainly be interested in opening their branches in Russia and transferring part of their staff to our country, and will offer future students to study here.

The construction of new universities presupposes the creation of an appropriate infrastructure, the attraction of contractors and supplying all the necessary “ student cities '' organizations. To speed up and reduce the cost of this process, Dmitry Davydov proposes to completely exempt the income of such organizations from all taxes and fees, as well as to abolish customs payments and fees on supplied equipment during the entire period of preferential taxation.

In such territories, according to the calculations of the author of the project, an inflow of investments will begin, followed by an increase in entrepreneurial activity. Medium-sized businesses will open hotels, mobile phone shops, bookstores and cinemas. Small businesses will invest in cafes, account replenishment machines, and real estate lease. Transport, private security structures, the sphere of health insurance, which is popular with foreign citizens, will be developed. All this will, over time, significantly increase tax revenues to the budget of the territories.

For the convenience of students

It is known that many foreign students have problems entering Russia to continue their studies. In order to significantly reduce the time for obtaining and extending visas, Dmitry Davydov proposes to issue foreign students a visa for the entire period of study with its revocation in case of termination of studies at Russian universities.

He also considers it expedient to provide foreign students with full right to work regardless of the place and time, by issuing the appropriate permit at the same time as obtaining a student visa.

After the adoption of the proposed measures and the creation of new Russian universities, as well as the opening of branches of foreign educational institutions, one should first expect an influx of students to Russia from Eastern Europe, the CIS countries, the Middle East and Africa, India and China. In the future, students from the United States, Western Europe, the United Arab Emirates, South Korea and Japan will come here, the author of the project “ 20 ideas for the development of Russia '' is sure.

As a result of attracting students from all over the world, interest in our country, the Russian language and culture, will open up new opportunities for international cooperation in the field of science, business and tourism.

At the same time, Russian graduates of such universities will become more competitive and in demand on the labor market. And companies doing business in our country will have expanded opportunities for inviting the most talented young people, including foreign citizens, to work.

However, without government support, all these proposals are, of course, impossible to implement.

Источник aif.ru

Leave a Comment