Rebranding in Russian. How often did the name of our country change?

30 & nbsp; years ago, on December 25, 1991, the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR approved the law “ On & nbsp; changing the name of the state Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic ''. RSFSR received a new name, including two equivalent options & nbsp; & mdash; Russian Federation (Russia).

It happened & nbsp; a day before & nbsp; after the Soviet Union officially ceased to exist. The Russian Federation became the legal successor of the USSR, and & nbsp; over the Kremlin, the red flag of the Union was replaced by the & nbsp; Russian tricolor.

Private property was introduced in & nbsp; Russia and a course towards a & nbsp; market economy was set. The country has ceased to be socialist, so it is not surprising that the very word disappeared from its & nbsp; name. And & nbsp; this was far from & nbsp; the first rebranding of our state.

Ancient Rus

The beginning of Russian statehood is traditionally counted from the & nbsp; 862 & nbsp; year, when, according to the Tale of Bygone Years, Varangians were called to & nbsp; Novgorod under the & nbsp; head of & nbsp; the ancestor of the dynasty of Russian princes Rurik … This is how a state appeared, which they began to call Russia. Initially, the capital of Ancient Rus was in & nbsp; Kiev. The name 'Kievan Rus' appeared only in the & nbsp; XIX & nbsp; century, and & nbsp; in & nbsp; at different times the capitals of Russia were both & nbsp; Novgorod, and & nbsp; Vladimir . In the & nbsp; middle of the XII century, the ancient Russian state actually collapsed, but & nbsp; independent principalities remained closely connected with each other. Gradually, the role of the capital of Russia passed to & nbsp; Vladimir, and & nbsp; after the merger of the Moscow principality with the Grand Duchy of Vladimir & nbsp; & mdash; to & nbsp; Moscow.

Russian kingdom

By the end of the 15th century, the unification of other Russian lands into the & nbsp; Russian state was carried out. From this time, the modern name Ros (s) ia was gradually assigned to it. The word “ Russia '' that originated in & nbsp; Byzantium denoted the name of Russia. And & nbsp; since the Byzantine Empire was in & nbsp; our ancestors in high esteem, the & nbsp; and & nbsp; word stuck. The Greek name of our country was first introduced into the & nbsp; turnover already in the & nbsp; X century by the Byzantine Emperor Constantine … In the & nbsp; Cyrillic notation, the first known mention of the word “ Russia '' dated April 1387 & nbsp; year. In & nbsp; Russian documents, it began to be used in & nbsp; documents from the end of the 15th & nbsp; century.

The name of the country received its official status after the wedding on the & nbsp; kingdom of Ivan the Terrible in & nbsp; 1547 & nbsp; year. In & nbsp; cases, when it was necessary to designate the entire territory of the country, they said: “ All states of the Russian reign '', “ Russian kingdom ''. The modern spelling of the word “ Russia '', with & nbsp; two letters “ s '', was finally fixed under Peter the Great.

Russian Empire

After the victory of the Russians in the & nbsp; Northern War, Peter the Great on November 2 & nbsp; took the title of All-Russian Emperor. In addition, the Senate decided to confer on him the title of Father of the Fatherland. Accordingly, the state under his control began to be called the Russian Empire. The names of the “ Russian state '' were also used. and & nbsp; Russia. In the & nbsp; published in the & nbsp; XIX century, the Complete Collection of Laws and & nbsp; Code of Laws of the Russian Empire, the definitions of the “ Russian Empire '' and & laquo; Russian state & raquo; & nbsp; were used as equivalent. The main laws, approved in & nbsp; 1906 & nbsp; year, determined identical names “ Russian Empire '', “ Russian State '' and & nbsp; & laquo; Russia & raquo ;.

Russian Republic

After the February Revolution and & nbsp; overthrow of the monarchy, the Provisional Government decided that the new state system and & nbsp; the name of the country should be determined by the Constituent Assembly. However, a few months later, on September 14 & nbsp; 1917, this & nbsp; same government, not & nbsp; waiting for the elections to the & nbsp; Constituent Assembly, declared Russia a republic. & Nbsp; 19 & nbsp; January 1918, the Constituent Assembly proclaimed the Russian Democratic Federal Republic (RDFR), but & nbsp; nbsp; that & nbsp; the same day the meeting was dispersed by armed detachments of the Bolsheviks. After the overthrow of the Provisional Government, the name “ Russian Republic '' For the first time, the Soviet authorities were used in & nbsp; as the official name of the country. Although still 7 & nbsp; November (25 & nbsp; October) 1917 & nbsp; year, & nbsp; the first day of the October Revolution, the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets approved the new name of the state & nbsp; & mdash; Russian Soviet Republic.


For the first time the name “ Russian Socialist Soviet Republic '' mentioned in & nbsp; February 1918 in the & nbsp; Decree on the & nbsp; Cancellation of State Loans. Finally, the state was renamed to the & nbsp; V & nbsp; All-Russian Congress of Soviets, which on July 10, 1918 adopted the first Soviet constitution. She proclaimed the new name of the country & nbsp; & mdash; Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (RSFSR). After the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in & nbsp; 1922, the RSFSR became part of it. By the Constitution of the USSR dated December 5 & nbsp; 1936, the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic was renamed into the & nbsp; Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. That & nbsp; is, according to the & nbsp; model of the USSR, they changed the arrangement of the words “ Soviet '' and & nbsp; “ Socialist ''. Abbreviated name of Russia & nbsp; & mdash; RSFSR & nbsp; & mdash; remained unchanged. So the next renaming of the state passed, one might say, unnoticed by the broad masses.


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