Historical figures: what they really looked like

Scientists have learned to recreate the appearance of people who have long passed away. This became possible thanks to modern computer technologies, as well as the process of reconstructing the face from the skull using the method of anthropological reconstruction of the appearance.

More — in the AiF.ru photo feed.

Scientists have recreated the appearance of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. The new portrait of Tutankhamun was recreated using computer modeling of appearance based on the analysis of the anatomical features of the mummy. The mummy of this pharaoh was studied using a tomograph. Over 2000 scans were received. In addition, scientists also conducted DNA analyzes of the genetic material of Tutankhamen himself and his relatives. Studies that lasted more than 10 years made it possible to find out what the pharaoh looked like in life © Youtube Screenshot/AiF Collage jpg” height=”533″ width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

Composer Johann Sebastian Bach. Based on a laser scan of the composer's skull and documentary sources, Scottish anthropologist Caroline Wilkinson, together with artist Caroline Needham, recreated his appearance © www.globallookpress.com

Meritamon was the great queen of Egypt, who lived about 2000 years ago. Scientists from the University of Melbourne determined from the mummified remains that she was between 18 and 25 years old. To recreate the appearance of Meritamon, scientists resorted to medical research, forensic science, computed tomography and 3D printing technology © Youtube Screenshot

Henry of Navarre ruled France from 1589 to 1610. Philipp Frosch created a three-dimensional computer model based on a CT scan of Heinrich's mummified head © Screenshot of Youtube/Visualforensic

Scientists reconstructed the appearance of a mummy that was found in an ancient Egyptian tomb in the Valley of the Kings and received the designation KV55 (Kings' Valley No. 55). Historical and archaeological research, including some artifacts in the tomb, suggests that the KV55 mummy is Pharaoh Akhenaten (r. 1353–36/35 BC) © Screenshot/FAPAB Research Center

Robert Burns was such a popular poet and folklorist that his birthday became a public holiday in Scotland. The appearance of Robert Burns was reconstructed from fragments of the skull and portraits in his lifetime, as well as from the written testimonies of his contemporaries © Youtube screenshot height=”483″ width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

A DNA test showed that the mummy, known as the “Younger Lady”, is the sister of Akhenaten (Thoth's father) and the mother of Tuttankhamun. Many researchers believe that the remains belong to Nefertiti, the great queen of Egypt. The reconstruction of the appearance of an ancient Egyptian mummy was performed at the University of Bristol. The process was led by Egyptologist Aiden Dodson. Paleoartist Elizabeth Danes sculpted directly © Youtube screenshot

In 2012, the skeleton of the legendary English king Richard III, who died at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, was found in a car park in Leicester. The restoration of the appearance was carried out by Caroline Wilkinson, she was based on the data of the genetic examination and the shape of the king's skull. The image turned out to be similar to portraits painted after the death of the monarch, including the earliest version – a portrait of Richard III from the collection of the Society of Antiquaries of London, created in the 1520s © www.globallookpress.com

Scientists have recreated the appearance of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. The new portrait of Tutankhamun was recreated using computer modeling of appearance based on the analysis of the anatomical features of the mummy. The mummy of this pharaoh was studied using a tomograph. Over 2000 scans were received. In addition, scientists also conducted DNA analyzes of the genetic material of Tutankhamen himself and his relatives. Studies that lasted more than 10 years made it possible to find out what the pharaoh looked like in life © Youtube Screenshot/AiF Collage jpg” height=”533″ width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

Composer Johann Sebastian Bach. Based on a laser scan of the composer's skull and documentary sources, Scottish anthropologist Caroline Wilkinson, together with artist Caroline Needham, recreated his appearance © www.globallookpress.com

Meritamon was the great queen of Egypt, who lived about 2000 years ago. Scientists from the University of Melbourne determined from the mummified remains that she was between 18 and 25 years old. To recreate the appearance of Meritamon, scientists resorted to medical research, forensic science, computed tomography and 3D printing technology © Youtube Screenshot

Henry of Navarre ruled France from 1589 to 1610. Philipp Frosch created a three-dimensional computer model based on a CT scan of Heinrich's mummified head © Screenshot of Youtube/Visualforensic

Scientists reconstructed the appearance of a mummy that was found in an ancient Egyptian tomb in the Valley of the Kings and received the designation KV55 (Kings' Valley No. 55). Historical and archaeological research, including some artifacts in the tomb, suggests that the KV55 mummy is Pharaoh Akhenaten (r. 1353–36/35 BC) © Screenshot/FAPAB Research Center

Robert Burns was such a popular poet and folklorist that his birthday became a public holiday in Scotland. The appearance of Robert Burns was reconstructed from fragments of the skull and portraits in his lifetime, as well as from the written testimonies of his contemporaries © Youtube screenshot height=”483″ width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

A DNA test showed that the mummy, known as the “Younger Lady”, is the sister of Akhenaten (Thoth's father) and the mother of Tuttankhamun. Many researchers believe that the remains belong to Nefertiti, the great queen of Egypt. The reconstruction of the appearance of an ancient Egyptian mummy was performed at the University of Bristol. The process was led by Egyptologist Aiden Dodson. Paleoartist Elizabeth Danes sculpted directly © Youtube screenshot

In 2012, the skeleton of the legendary English king Richard III, who died at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, was found in a car park in Leicester. The restoration of the appearance was carried out by Caroline Wilkinson, she was based on the data of the genetic examination and the shape of the king's skull. The image turned out to be similar to portraits painted after the death of the monarch, including the earliest version – a portrait of Richard III from the collection of the Society of Antiquaries of London, created in the 1520s © www.globallookpress.com

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